Emergency Medical Responder Your First Response in Emergency Care

Author: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and David Schottke, RN, NRP, MPH
Affiliation: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Publication Date: 2018
ISBN 10: 1284107272
ISBN 13: 9781284107272
eISBN: 9781284107296
Edition: 6th

Description:

Based on the National EMS Education Standards and endorsed by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Emergency Medical Responder: Your First Response in Emergency Care, Sixth Edition offers complete coverage of every competency statement with clarity and precision in a concise format that ensures student comprehension and encourages critical thinking. The experienced author team and the AAOS medical editors have transformed the Education Standards into a training program that reflects best practices. Using clear, accessible language and proven pedagogical features, the Sixth Edition is the only way to prepare law enforcement personnel, fire fighters, rescue squad personnel, athletic trainers, college students, and laypersons for the challenges they will face in the field.

Table of Contents

Front Matter

  • ABOUT
  • Prepare for Class with Navigate 2 Digital Curriculum Solution Packages
  • Acknowledgments

Section 1: Preparatory

    Chapter 1: EMS Systems

    • Introduction
    • The EMS System
    • A Word About Transportation
    • EMR Training
    • Goals of EMR Training
    • Additional Skills
    • Roles and Responsibilities of the EMR
    • Medical Oversight
    • Quality Improvement
    • Your Certification
    • Prep Kit
    • Assessment in Action

    Chapter 2: Workforce Safety and Wellness

    • Introduction
    • Emotional Aspects of Emergency Medical Care
    • Normal Reactions to Stress
    • Workforce Safety
    • Prep Kit
    • Assessment in Action

    Chapter 3: Lifting and Moving Patients

    • Introduction
    • General Principles
    • Recovery Position
    • Body Mechanics
    • Emergency Movement of Patients
    • Equipment
    • Treatment of Patients With Suspected Head or Spine Injuries
    • Prep Kit
    • Assessment in Action

    Chapter 4: Medical, Legal, and Ethical Issues

    • Introduction
    • Duty to Act
    • Standard of Care
    • Scope of Care
    • Ethical Responsibilities and Competence
    • Consent for Treatment
    • Patient Refusal of Care
    • Advance Directives
    • Legal Concepts
    • Good Samaritan Laws
    • Regulations
    • Reportable Events
    • Crime Scene Operations
    • Documentation
    • Prep Kit
    • Assessment in Action

    Chapter 5: Communications and Documentation

    • Introduction
    • Data and Communications Systems
    • Verbal Communication
    • Medical Terminology
    • Documentation
    • Prep Kit
    • Assessment in Action

    Chapter 6: The Human Body

    • Introduction
    • Topographic Anatomy
    • Body Systems
    • Stages of Life—Growth and Development
    • Prep Kit
    • Assessment in Action

Section 2: Airway

    Chapter 7: Airway Management

    • Introduction
    • Anatomy and Function of the Respiratory System
    • A Is for Airway
    • B Is for Breathing
    • Airway and Breathing Review
    • Foreign Body Airway Obstruction
    • Oxygen Administration
    • Pulse Oximetry
    • Special Considerations
    • Prep Kit
    • Assessment in Action

    Chapter 8: Professional Rescuer CPR

    • Introduction
    • Anatomy and Function of the Circulatory System
    • Cardiac Arrest
    • Components of CPR
    • The Cardiac Chain of Survival
    • When to Start CPR
    • When to Stop CPR
    • External Cardiac Compression
    • Adult CPR
    • Infant CPR
    • Child CPR
    • Signs of Effective CPR
    • Complications of CPR
    • Creating Sufficient Space for CPR
    • Early Defibrillation by EMRs
    • CPR Training
    • Legal Implications of CPR
    • Prep Kit
    • Assessment in Action

Section 3: Patient Assessment

    Chapter 9: Patient Assessment

    • Introduction
    • Patient Assessment Sequence
    • A Word About Medical and Trauma Patients
    • Prep Kit
    • Assessment in Action

Section 4: Medical

    Chapter 10: Medical Emergencies

    • Introduction
    • General Medical Conditions
    • Specific Medical Conditions
    • Prep Kit
    • Assessment in Action

    Chapter 11: Poisoning and Substance Abuse

    • Introduction
    • Patient Assessment for Poisoning
    • Ingested Poisons
    • Inhaled Poisons
    • Injected Poisons
    • Absorbed Poisons
    • Nerve Agents
    • Substance Abuse
    • Intentional Poisoning
    • Prep Kit
    • Assessment in Action

    Chapter 12: Behavioral Emergencies

    • Introduction
    • Patient Assessment in Behavioral Emergencies
    • Behavioral Crises
    • What Is a Situational Crisis?
    • Phases of a Situational Crisis
    • Crisis Management
    • Prep Kit
    • Assessment in Action

    Chapter 13: Environmental Emergencies

    • Introduction
    • Patient Assessment for Environmental Emergencies
    • Exposure to Heat
    • Exposure to Cold
    • Drowning and Submersion
    • Other Environmental Emergencies
    • Prep Kit
    • Assessment in Action

Section 5: Trauma

    Chapter 14: Bleeding, Shock, and Soft-Tissue Injuries

    • Introduction
    • Patient Assessment for Bleeding, Shock, and Soft-Tissue Injuries
    • Standard Precautions and Soft-Tissue Injuries
    • Parts and Function of the Circulatory System
    • Shock
    • Bleeding
    • Wounds
    • Burns
    • Multi-System Trauma
    • Prep Kit
    • Assessment in Action

    Chapter 15: Injuries to Muscles and Bones

    • Introduction
    • Patient Assessment of Injuries to Muscles and Bones
    • The Anatomy and Function of the Musculoskeletal System
    • Mechanism of Injury
    • Types of Injuries
    • Standard Precautions and Musculoskeletal Injuries
    • Examination of Musculoskeletal Injuries
    • Treatment of Musculoskeletal Injuries
    • Injuries of the Head (Skull and Brain)
    • Injuries of the Face
    • Injuries to the Spine
    • Injuries of the Chest
    • Prep Kit
    • Assessment in Action

Section 6: Special Patient Populations

    Chapter 16: Childbirth

    • Introduction
    • The Anatomy and Function of the Female Reproductive System
    • Assessing the Birth Situation
    • Standard Precautions and Childbirth
    • Equipment
    • Assisting With Delivery
    • Aftercare of the Mother and Newborn
    • Resuscitating the Newborn
    • Complications of Pregnancy and Childbirth
    • Vehicle Collisions and Pregnant Women
    • Prep Kit
    • Assessment in Action

    Chapter 17: Pediatric Emergencies

    • Introduction
    • General Considerations
    • Pediatric Anatomy and Function
    • Examining a Child
    • Respiratory Care
    • Sudden Illness and Medical Emergencies
    • Pediatric Trauma
    • Emergency Medical Responder Debriefing
    • Prep Kit
    • Assessment in Action

    Chapter 18: Geriatric Emergencies

    • Introduction
    • Sensory Changes
    • Musculoskeletal and Mobility Issues
    • Medical Considerations
    • Patients Who Require Long-Term Care
    • Mental Health Considerations
    • End-of-Life Issues
    • Elder Abuse
    • Prep Kit
    • Assessment in Action

Section 7: EMS Operations

    Chapter 19: Transport Operations

    • Introduction
    • Preparing for a Call
    • Phases of an EMR Call
    • Helicopter Operations
    • Prep Kit
    • Assessment in Action

    Chapter 20: Vehicle Extrication and Special Rescue

    • Introduction
    • Extrication
    • Water and Ice Rescue
    • Confined Space Rescue
    • Farm Rescue
    • Bus Rescue
    • Prep Kit
    • Assessment in Action

    Chapter 21: Incident Management

    • Introduction
    • Hazardous Materials Incidents
    • Mass-Casualty Incidents
    • Terrorism Awareness
    • Prep Kit
    • Assessment in Action

Appendix A: Medical Terminology

Glossary