CONTEMPORARY MEDICAL-SURGICAL NURSING

Author: Rick Daniels, RN, COL, PhD, Leslie Nicoll, RN, BC, MBA, PhD
Affiliation: Oregon Health Sciences University, Ashland, OR
Publisher: Delmar Cengage Learning
Publication Date: 2012
ISBN 10: 1439058601
ISBN 13: 9781439058602
Edition: 2nd

Description:

Contemporary Medical-Surgical Nursing, Second Edition, by Rick Daniels and Leslie Nicoll is an exciting new offering of this comprehensive, concept based text, which is created for instructors and students to address the adult health concepts that supports the most current holistic nursing practice and helps to bridge the gap from classroom to practice. All of this is delivered through a caring approach to the content-a central theme to foster quality nursing care for generations to come. Contemporary Medical-Surgical Nursing, Second Edition is a thoroughly researched and tested book and package focused on meeting the needs of today's nursing student.

Table of Contents

Front Matter

  • ABOUT
  • PREFACE
  • Notice to the Reader
  • DEDICATION
  • CONTRIBUTORS
  • REVIEWERS
  • PREFACE
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
  • ABOUT THE AUTHORS
  • HOW TO USE THIS TEXT

CHAPTER 1: The Health Care System and Contemporary Nursing

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • EMERGENCE OF THE CONTEMPORARY HEALTH CARE SYSTEM IN THE UNITED STATES
  • EMERGENCE OF CONTEMPORARY NURSING IN THE UNITED STATES
  • CONTEMPORARY NURSING PRACTICE IN THE UNITED STATES
  • ENVIRONMENT FOR CONTEMPORARY NURSING PRACTICE
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 2: Clinical Decision Making and Evidence-Based Practice

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • OVERVIEW OF EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE
  • THE PROCESS OF EBP
  • THE EVIDENCE-BASED CONCEPT
  • STAGES OF THE STAR MODEL
  • MAJOR FEATURES OF EBP
  • USE OF EBP FOR CLINICAL NURSING PRACTICE
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 3: Health Education and Promotion

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • PATIENT EDUCATION
  • HEALTH MAINTENANCE
  • HEALTH PROMOTION AND DISEASE PREVENTION
  • HEALTH PROMOTION ON A GLOBAL LEVEL AND IN THE UNITED STATES
  • ASSESSMENT
  • NURSING DIAGNOSES
  • PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION
  • EVALUATION OF OUTCOMES
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 4: Culturally Sensitive Care

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • CULTURE
  • SUBCULTURES IN THE UNITED STATES
  • VALUES OF DIFFERENT CULTURAL GROUPS IN THE UNITED STATES
  • TRANSCULTURAL COMMUNICATION
  • CULTURAL DISPARITIES
  • IMMIGRANT POPULATION
  • CULTURALLY COMPETENT NURSING CARE
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 5: Legal and Ethical Aspects of Health Care

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • ETHICS IN NURSING PRACTICE OVERVIEW
  • ETHICS AND MORALS
  • PRINCIPLES OF CLINICAL ETHICS
  • ETHICAL THEORIES
  • PROFESSIONAL ETHICS
  • A NURSE’S ROLE
  • CONFIDENTIALITY
  • INFORMED CONSENT
  • ADVANCE DIRECTIVES
  • ETHICAL DECISION MAKING MODELS
  • ETHICAL ISSUES OF PAIN MANAGEMENT
  • END-OF-LIFE CARE
  • EUTHANASIA AND ASSISTED SUICIDE
  • MEDICAL FUTILITY
  • RESEARCH ETHICS
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • REVIEW ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 6: Nursing of Adults Across the Life Span

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • ADULT DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES
  • CONTEMPORARY TRENDS RELATED TO ADULT BEHAVIOR
  • EVOLVING TRENDS IN POPULATION COMPOSITION
  • COMMON ADULT DISEASES LINKED TO CONTEMPORARY TRENDS
  • USE OF CONTEMPORARY TREATMENT MODALITIES
  • HEALTH AND ILLNESS TRENDS FOR YOUNG AND MIDDLE-AGED ADULTS
  • HEALTH AND ILLNESS TRENDS FOR OLDER ADULTS
  • SUBPOPULATIONS OF OLDER ADULTS
  • TRENDS IN USE OF HEALTH CARE SERVICES BY OLDER ADULTS
  • HEALTH PROMOTION
  • NURSING RESPONSIBILITIES IN THE CARE OF THE ADULT ACROSS THE LIFE SPAN
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 7: Palliative Care

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • OVERVIEW OF DEATH AND DYING
  • ASSESSMENT OF THE PATIENT RECEIVING HOSPICE AND PALLIATIVE CARE
  • NURSING DIAGNOSES
  • PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTING CARE FOR PATIENTS RECEIVING HOSPICE AND PALLIATIVE CARE
  • SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS IN THE HOME CARE OF THE DYING PATIENT
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 8: Health Assessment

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • THE HEALTH ASSESSMENT
  • THE INTERVIEW
  • HEALTH HISTORY AND PHYSICAL EXAMINATION
  • VARIATIONS RELATED TO HEALTH ASSESSMENT PRACTICES
  • ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS RELATED TO DATA COLLECTION
  • CARE OF THE PATIENT AFTER THE EXAMINATION
  • DOCUMENTATION
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 9: Genetics, Genomics and the Multiple Determinants of Health

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • FUNDAMENTALS OF GENETICS
  • PATTERNS OF INHERITANCE
  • SCREENING FOR GENETIC DISEASE
  • GENETICS ACROSS THE LIFE SPAN
  • LEGAL, ETHICAL, AND SOCIAL ISSUES
  • EXPANDED ROLES FOR NURSES
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES
  • ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

CHAPTER 10: Stress, Coping, and Adaptation

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • HISTORICAL AND THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES
  • COPING
  • ADAPTATION
  • STRESS AND ILLNESS
  • ADDITIONAL RISK FACTORS FOR STRESS-RELATED ILLNESS
  • NURSING THEORIES AND STRESS MANAGEMENT
  • SIGNIFICANCE TO NURSING
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 11: Inflammation and Infection Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • INFLAMMATORY PROCESS
  • INFLAMMATORY DISEASE
  • NURSING RESPONSE: INFLAMMATION
  • INFECTIOUS DISEASE CONTROL
  • GUIDELINES FOR INFECTION CONTROL
  • WOUND HEALING
  • NURSING RESPONSE: WOUND HEALING
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 12: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Imbalances

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • FLUID BALANCE
  • CONTROL OF FLUID AND ELECTROLYTE BALANCE
  • FLUID IMBALANCES
  • ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCES
  • ACID-BASE BALANCE
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 13: Infusion Therapy

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
  • EQUIPMENT AND PRODUCT SELECTION
  • PROCEDURE OF INFUSION THERAPY
  • IV INTRAVENOUS COMPLICATIONS
  • IV THERAPY CALCULATIONS
  • ADMINISTRATION OF IV SOLUTIONS
  • PHARMACOLOGY
  • CENTRAL VENOUS CATHETERS
  • TOTAL PARENTERAL NUTRITION
  • BLOOD COMPONENTS
  • TRANSFUSION RISKS
  • ONCOLOGY THERAPY
  • PAIN MANAGEMENT
  • SEDATION
  • HEMODYNAMIC MONITORING
  • SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS
  • LEGAL ASPECTS OF INFUSION NURSING
  • ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS IN INFUSION NURSING
  • FUTURE OF INFUSION THERAPY
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 14: Complementary and Alternative Therapies

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • INTRODUCTION TO COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE (CAM)
  • NATIONAL CENTER FOR COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE
  • NCCAM CATEGORIES OF COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE THERAPIES
  • OTHER TYPES OF COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE THERAPIES
  • NURSING PRACTICE AND COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE THERAPIES
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 15: Cancer Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • OVERVIEW OF CANCER
  • ETIOLOGY
  • PHYSIOLOGY AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
  • PREVENTION
  • DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
  • PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION
  • MULTISYMPTOM MANAGEMENT
  • ONCOLOGICAL EMERGENCIES
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 16: Pain Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • DEFINITIONS AND IMPLICATIONS OF PAIN
  • PAIN THEORIES
  • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF PAIN
  • PAIN MECHANISMS AND PATHWAYS
  • RESPONSES TO PAIN
  • TYPES OF PAIN
  • ASSESSING THE CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS OF PAIN
  • NURSING DIAGNOSES
  • PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION
  • EVALUATION OF OUTCOMES
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 17: Pharmacology: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • PHARMACOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES OF DRUG ACTION
  • SAFE MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION
  • ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS
  • CARDIOVASCULAR AGENTS
  • MEDICATIONS TO TREAT CIRCULATORY DISORDERS
  • RESPIRATORY AGENTS
  • ANTISEIZURE MEDICATIONS
  • ANTIULCER AGENTS
  • ANTIDIABETIC AGENTS
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 18: Health Care Agencies

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • HEALTH CARE COST AND FINANCING
  • ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE
  • HEALTH CARE QUALITY
  • CLASSIFICATION OF HEALTH CARE AGENCIES
  • THE FUTURE OF HEALTH CARE AGENCIES
  • PRACTICE MODEL
  • NURSE’S ROLE IN HEALTH CARE AGENCIES
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 19: Critical Care

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • CRITICAL CARE UNIT
  • COMMON PROBLEMS OF THE CRITICALLY ILL PATIENT
  • FAMILY MEMBER NEEDS
  • HEMODYNAMIC MONITORING
  • CARDIAC ASSIST DEVICES
  • INTRACRANIAL PRESSURE MONITORING
  • AIRWAY ASSISTANCE
  • MECHANICAL VENTILATION
  • NURSING MANAGEMENT OF PATIENTS REQUIRING MECHANICAL VENTILATION
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 20: Preoperative Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • HISTORY OF NURSING CONTRIBUTIONS IN OPERATIVE CARE
  • TRENDS
  • ELECTIVE AND NONEMERGENCY SURGERY
  • NONELECTIVE SURGERY
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 21: Intraoperative Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • THE ROLE OF THE PERIOPERATIVE NURSE
  • THE SURGICAL TEAM
  • ANTICIPATED OUTCOMES OF NURSING CARE
  • THE SURGICAL ENVIRONMENT
  • STANDARD PRECAUTIONS IN THE SURGICAL ENVIRONMENT
  • PATIENT SAFETY
  • ANESTHESIA AND SEDATION
  • INTRAOPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS
  • ETHICS IN PERIOPERATIVE PRACTICE
  • PATIENT SAFETY GOALS
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 22: Postoperative Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • REVIEW OF TRENDS IN POSTOPERATIVE NURSING MANAGEMENT
  • THE POST ANESTHESIA CARE UNIT
  • NURSING CARE DURING THE FIRST 24 HOURS POST-SURGERY
  • RECOVERY MILESTONES BEYOND THE DAY OF SURGERY
  • HOME PLANNING
  • THE FUTURE OF POSTOPERATIVE NURSING
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 23: Assessment of Cardiovascular and Hematological Function

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY: HEMATOLOGICAL SYSTEM
  • ASSESSMENT
  • DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
  • ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY: CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM
  • ASSESSMENT
  • DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 24: Coronary Artery Dysfunction: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE
  • ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 25: Heart Failure and Inflammatory Dysfunction: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • HEART FAILURE
  • HEART MUSCLE DISEASE AND INFLAMMATION DYSFUNCTION
  • VALVULAR DISEASE AND DYSFUNCTION
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 26: Arrhythmias: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
  • ECG MONITORING
  • THE NORMAL ECG COMPLEX
  • CAUSES OF ARRHYTHMIAS
  • SINUS RHYTHMS
  • ATRIAL ARRHYTHMIAS
  • JUNCTIONAL RHYTHMS
  • HEART BLOCKS
  • VENTRICULAR ARRHYTHMIAS
  • VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION
  • MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES
  • BASIC LIFE SUPPORT
  • ADVANCED CARDIAC LIFE SUPPORT
  • VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION/PULSELESS VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA
  • BRADYCARDIA ALGORITHM
  • UNSTABLE AND STABLE TACHYCARDIA
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 27: Vascular Dysfunction: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • ARTERIOSCLEROSIS AND ATHEROSCLEROSIS
  • PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL OCCLUSIVE DISEASE
  • ANEURYSMS AND AORTIC DISSECTIONS
  • THROMBOPHLEBITIS
  • BUERGER’S DISEASE
  • SUBCLAVIAN STEAL SYNDROME
  • RAYNAUD’S PHENOMENON
  • VARICOSE VEINS
  • VENOUS STASIS ULCER
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 28: Hypertension: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • HYPERTENSION
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 29: Hematological Dysfunction: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • ANEMIAS
  • HEMOLYTIC ANEMIAS
  • NUTRITIONAL ANEMIAS
  • PLATELET AND COAGULATION DISORDERS
  • POLYCYTHEMIAS
  • NEUTROPENIA
  • MONONUCLEOSIS
  • LEUKEMIA
  • MULTIPLE MYELOMA
  • MALIGNANT LYMPHOMAS
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 30: Assessment of Respiratory Function

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • ANATOMY OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
  • PHYSIOLOGY OF RESPIRATION
  • ASSESSMENT
  • DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 31: Upper Airway Dysfunction: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • ALLERGIC RHINITIS
  • VIRAL RHINITIS
  • ACUTE SINUSITIS
  • CHRONIC SINUSITIS
  • ACUTE PHARYNGITIS
  • TONSILLITIS AND ADENOIDITIS
  • PERITONSILLAR ABSCESS
  • ACUTE AND CHRONIC LARYNGITIS
  • OBSTRUCTION DURING SLEEP
  • EPISTAXIS
  • FRACTURES OF THE NOSE
  • NASAL OBSTRUCTION
  • LARYNGEAL OBSTRUCTION
  • CANCER OF THE LARYNX
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 32: Lower Airway Dysfunction: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • PNEUMONIA
  • EXTRAPULMONARY AND INTRAPULMONARY RESTRICTIVE LUNG DISORDER
  • TUBERCULOSIS
  • PULMONARY FUNGAL INFECTION
  • BRONCHIOLECTASIS
  • LUNG ABSCESS
  • LUNG CANCER
  • PNEUMOTHORAX
  • FRACTURED RIB
  • FLAIL CHEST
  • PULMONARY ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION
  • COR PULMONALE
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 33: Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • SEASONAL INFLUENZA
  • CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE
  • ASTHMA
  • CYSTIC FIBROSIS
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 34: Assessment of Neurological Function

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
  • ASSESSMENT
  • DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 35: Dysfunction of the Brain: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENTS OR STROKES
  • BRAIN INJURIES
  • BRAIN TUMORS
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 36: Dysfunction of the Spinal Cord and Peripheral Nervous System: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • SPINAL CORD INJURY
  • SPINAL CORD TUMORS
  • PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DYSFUNCTION
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 37: Degenerative Neurological Dysfunction: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • HEADACHE
  • SEIZURES
  • MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
  • PARKINSON’S DISEASE
  • ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE
  • MYASTHENIA GRAVIS
  • AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS
  • HUNTINGTON’S DISEASE (HUNTINGTON’S CHOREA)
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 38: Assessment of Sensory Function

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF THE EYE
  • ASSESSMENT OF THE EYE
  • OPHTHALMOSCOPIC EXAMINATION
  • ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF THE EAR
  • ASSESSMENT OF THE EAR
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 39: Visual Dysfunction: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • OCULAR MOVEMENT DISORDERS
  • VISUAL ACUITY
  • REFRACTION
  • PRESBYOPIA
  • COLOR PERCEPTION
  • INFLAMMATORY AND INFECTIOUS EYE CONDITIONS
  • OCULAR DISORDERS RESULTING FROM OTHER PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESSES
  • LOW VISION AND BLINDNESS
  • HEALTH PROMOTION
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 40: Auditory Dysfunction: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • AUDITORY DYSFUNCTION
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 41: Assessment of Immunological Function

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • OVERVIEW OF IMMUNITY
  • ANATOMY OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM
  • PHYSIOLOGY OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM
  • ASSESSMENT
  • DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 42: Immunodeficiency and HIV Infection/AIDS: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • IMMUNODEFICIENCY
  • HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS INFECTION
  • IMMUNODEFICIENCY DISORDERS
  • AUTOIMMUNE DISORDERS
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 43: Allergic Dysfunction: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • ALLERGIC DYSFUNCTION
  • TYPES OF HYPERSENSITIVITY
  • ATOPIC ASTHMA
  • ANAPHYLAXIS
  • ALLERGIC CONDITIONS
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 44: Assessment of Integumentary Function

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
  • SKIN CHANGES THROUGHOUT THE LIFE SPAN
  • FACTORS REGULATING SKIN AND WOUND REPAIR
  • ASSESSMENT
  • DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 45: Dermatological Dysfunction: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR MANAGEMENT OF PATIENTS WITH DERMATOLOGICAL DYSFUNCTION
  • DEBRIDEMENT
  • METHODS OF TREATMENT
  • COMMON SKIN DISORDERS
  • PRECANCEROUS AND CANCEROUS CONDITIONS
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 46: Burns: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • BURNS
  • EMERGENT PHASE
  • ACUTE PHASE
  • REHABILITATION PHASE
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 47: Assessment of Gastrointestinal Function

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
  • ASSESSMENT
  • DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 48: Nutrition, Malnutrition, and Obesity: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • THE GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT AND NUTRITIONAL PROCESSES
  • COMPONENTS OF A NUTRITIONALLY ADEQUATE DIET
  • NUTRITION AND DRUG INTERACTIONS
  • NUTRITION SUPPORT: ALTERNATIVE METHODS OF FEEDING PATIENTS
  • MALNUTRITION
  • OBESITY
  • NUTRITION AND AGING
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 49: Upper Gastrointestinal Tract Dysfunction: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • DISORDERS OF THE ORAL CAVITY
  • ESOPHAGEAL DISORDERS
  • GI TRACT PAIN OF NONCARDIAC AND NONPHYSIOLOGICAL ORIGINS
  • NONULCER DYSPEPSIA
  • PEPTIC-ULCER DISEASE
  • GASTRITIS, DUODENITIS, AND ASSOCIATED ULCERATIVE LESIONS
  • STOMACH CANCER
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 50: Lower Gastrointestinal Tract Dysfunction: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • SMALL INTESTINE
  • MAL-ASSIMILATION SYNDROMES
  • ACUTE ABDOMEN
  • ACUTE INFLAMMATORY DISORDERS
  • OBSTRUCTION
  • COLORECTAL CANCER
  • IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME
  • INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISORDERS
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 51: Hepatic, Biliary Tract, and Pancreatic Dysfunction: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • HEPATIC SYSTEM
  • HEPATITIS
  • HEREDITARY DISEASES OF THE LIVER
  • CIRRHOSIS
  • FATTY LIVER (HEPATIC STEATOSIS)
  • HEPATIC ABSCESSES
  • LIVER TRAUMA
  • CANCER OF THE LIVER
  • LIVER TRANSPLANTATION
  • DISEASES OF THE BILIARY TRACT
  • PANCREATITIS
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 52: Assessment of Renal Function

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
  • ASSESSMENT
  • DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 53: Urinary Dysfunction: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • URINARY TRACT INFECTION
  • INTERSTITIAL CYSTITIS
  • PYELONEPHRITIS
  • GLOMERULONEPHRITIS
  • NEPHROTIC SYNDROME
  • RENAL TUBERCULOSIS
  • URINARY TRACT CALCULI (UROLITHIASIS)
  • RENAL SYSTEM TRAUMA
  • RENAL VASCULAR DISORDERS
  • RENAL CANCER
  • BLADDER CANCER
  • URINARY DIVERSION
  • URINARY RETENTION
  • URINARY INCONTINENCE
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 54: Renal Dysfunction: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • PYELONEPHRITIS
  • POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASE
  • IMMUNOLOGICAL AND VASCULAR DISEASES OF THE KIDNEY
  • ANTI-GBM DISEASE (GOODPASTURE’S SYNDROME)
  • RHABDOMYOLYSIS
  • ACUTE RENAL FAILURE/ACUTE KIDNEY INJURY
  • CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 55: Assessment of Endocrine Function

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
  • ASSESSMENT
  • DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 56: Endocrine Dysfunction: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • HYPERSECRETION OF THE ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND
  • HYPOSECRETION OF THE ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND
  • POSTERIOR PITUITARY DISORDERS
  • HYPOSECRETION OF THE ADRENAL GLAND
  • HYPERSECRETION OF THE ADRENAL GLAND (HYPERALDOSTERONISM)
  • THYROID DISORDERS
  • HYPERPARATHYROIDISM
  • HYPOPARATHYROIDISM
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 57: Diabetes Mellitus: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • DIABETES MELLITUS
  • ACUTE COMPLICATIONS OF DIABETES
  • CHRONIC COMPLICATIONS OF DIABETES
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 58: Assessment of Musculoskeletal Function

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF THE BONY SKELETON
  • ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF SKELETAL MUSCLES
  • JOINTS
  • MUSCULOSKELETAL ASSESSMENT
  • DIAGNOSTIC STUDIES RELATED TO THE MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 59: Musculoskeletal Dysfunction: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • OSTEOARTHRITIS
  • GOUT
  • LYME DISEASE
  • SPONDYLOARTHROPATHIES
  • POLYMYOSITIS AND DERMATOMYOSITIS
  • FIBROMYALGIA
  • OSTEOPOROSIS
  • OSTEOMALACIA
  • PAGET’S DISEASE
  • OSTEOMYELITIS
  • TUMORS OF THE MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM
  • SPINAL DISORDERS
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 60: Musculoskeletal Trauma: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • SPORTS INJURIES
  • OVERUSE SYNDROME/REPETITIVE MOTION INJURIES
  • SHOULDER DISLOCATIONS
  • ROTATOR CUFF TEARS
  • LATERAL EPICONDYLITIS
  • CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME
  • PATELLAR TENDINOPATHY
  • LIGAMENT INJURIES
  • MENISCAL INJURIES
  • ANKLE SPRAIN
  • ACHILLES TENDON INJURIES
  • PLANTAR FASCIITIS
  • STRESS FRACTURES
  • FRACTURES
  • HIP FRACTURES
  • COMPLICATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH MUSCULOSKELETAL TRAUMA
  • COMPARTMENT SYNDROME
  • FAT EMBOLISM SYNDROME
  • VENOUS THROMBOEMBOLISM
  • AMPUTATION
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 61: Assessment of Reproductive Function

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
  • SEXUAL RESPONSE CYCLE
  • ASSESSMENT
  • DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 62: Female Reproductive Dysfunction: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • MENSTRUAL DISORDERS
  • INFECTIONS
  • STRUCTURAL ABNORMALITIES AND BENIGN CONDITIONS
  • FEMALE CIRCUMCISION
  • MALIGNANCIES
  • INFERTILITY
  • SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 63: Breast Alterations: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF THE BREAST
  • ASSESSMENT AND DIAGNOSIS OF BREAST PROBLEMS
  • BREAST DISORDERS
  • MAMMOPLASTY
  • BREAST CANCER
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 64: Male Reproductive Dysfunction: Nursing Management

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • PROSTATITIS
  • BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA
  • PROSTATE CANCER
  • TESTICULAR CANCER
  • TESTICULAR TORSION
  • ORCHITIS
  • EPIDIDYMITIS
  • HYDROCELE, HEMATOCELE, AND SPERMATOCELE
  • VARICOCELE
  • VASECTOMY
  • CRYPTORCHIDISM
  • PHIMOSIS AND PARAPHIMOSIS
  • BALANITIS AND POSTHITIS
  • URETHRITIS
  • URETHRAL STRICTURE
  • EPISPADIAS AND HYPOSPADIAS
  • PEYRONIE’S DISEASE
  • CANCER OF THE PENIS
  • ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION
  • PRIAPISM
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 65: Multisystem Failure

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • INFLAMMATORY IMMUNE RESPONSE
  • SYSTEMIC INFLAMMATORY RESPONSE SYNDROME
  • NEUROENDOCRINE SYSTEM RESPONSE
  • THE RENAL RESPONSE
  • SHOCK SYNDROME
  • HYPOVOLEMIC SHOCK
  • CARDIOGENIC SHOCK
  • ANAPHYLACTIC SHOCK
  • NEUROGENIC SHOCK
  • SEPTIC SHOCK
  • DISSEMINATED INTRAVASCULAR COAGULATION
  • ACUTE RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME
  • MULTIPLE ORGAN DYSFUNCTION SYNDROME
  • PRIMARY MULTIPLE ORGAN DYSFUNCTION
  • SECONDARY MULTIPLE ORGAN DYSFUNCTION
  • POPULATIONS AT RISK
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER 66: Mass Casualty Care

  • CHAPTER TOPICS
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • EMERGENCY NURSING
  • TRIAGE
  • MASS CASUALTY INCIDENT
  • INCIDENT COMMAND
  • HOSPITAL OPERATIONS PLAN
  • PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
  • HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
  • BIOLOGICAL WARFARE AND BIOLOGICAL AGENTS
  • PANDEMIC ILLNESSES
  • BLAST INJURIES
  • STRESS REACTIONS
  • SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS
  • NCLEX STYLE REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES
  • RESOURCES
  • REFERENCES

APPENDIX A Concept Mapping

APPENDIX B English/Spanish Words and Phrases

APPENDIX C Symbols and Abbreviations

APPENDIX D NANDA International Nursing Diagnoses 2009–2011

APPENDIX E Standard Precautions

Glossary

REVIEW QUESTIONS ANSWERS

CRITICAL THINKING ACTIVITIES ANSWERS