DICTIONARY OF NURSING THEORY AND RESEARCH

Author: Bethel Powers, RN, PhD, FSAA, FGSA, Thomas Knapp, EdD, FAAN
Affiliation: University of Rochester School of Nursing
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
Publication Date: 2011
ISBN 10: 082610665X
ISBN 13: 9780826106650
Edition: 4th

Description:

The fourth edition of this classic dictionary for understanding traditional and new concepts in nursing theory and research encompasses the considerable changes that have occurred in the clinical health sciences since the previous edition was published. It includes updates and new references for entries from the previous edition, and information related to developing areas of research and practice. New content that reflects nursing priorities in research and theory development in the current interprofessional health care environment is featured. This book remains an invaluable reference for nursing students, researchers, theoreticians, and scholars.

Table of Contents

Front Matter

  • ABOUT
  • About the Author
  • FOREWORD
  • PREFACE
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • EXPLANATORY NOTES

A

  • ACTION RESEARCH
  • AESTHETIC INQUIRY
  • ALTERNATIVE HYPOTHESIS
  • ANALYSIS OF COVARIANCE
  • ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE
  • ANONYMITY
  • ANTECEDENT VARIABLE
  • ANTI-REALISM
  • ARCHIVAL RESEARCH
  • ARM
  • ARTIFACTS
  • ASSAY
  • ASSUMPTION
  • ATTENTION CONTROL GROUP
  • ATTENUATION
  • ATTRITION
  • AUDIT TRAIL
  • AUTHENTICITY CRITERIA
  • AXIAL CODING
  • AXIOM

B

  • BASELINE
  • BASIC SOCIAL PROCESS (BSP)/CORE CATEGORY
  • BAYESIAN ANALYSIS
  • BIAS
  • BIOGRAPHICAL METHOD
  • BIOLOGICAL/BIOBEHAVIORAL RESEARCH
  • BLOCKING
  • BORROWED/SHARED THEORY
  • BRACKETING
  • BROAD-RANGE THEORY

C

  • CANONICAL CORRELATION ANALYSIS
  • CASE-CONTROL STUDY
  • CASE STUDY
  • CATEGORIES
  • CAUSAL-COMPARATIVE STUDY
  • CAUSALITY
  • CEILING EFFECT
  • CELL
  • CHI-SQUARE TEST
  • CLINICAL TRIAL
  • CLUSTER ANALYSIS
  • CLUSTER RANDOMIZATION
  • CLUSTER SAMPLING
  • CODING
  • COEFFICIENT ALPHA
  • COHORT
  • COMMUNITY-BASED PARTICIPATORY RESEARCH (CBPR)
  • COMPARATIVE EFFECTIVENESS RESEARCH
  • COMPUTER-ASSISTED RESEARCH
  • CONCEPT
  • CONCEPT ANALYSIS
  • CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT
  • CONCEPTUAL MODEL/CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
  • CONCURRENT VALIDITY
  • CONFIDENCE INTERVAL
  • CONFIDENTIALITY
  • CONFIRMABILITY
  • CONFOUNDING
  • CONSORT
  • CONSTANT COMPARATIVE METHOD/CONSTANT COMPARISON
  • CONSTRUCT
  • CONSTRUCT VALIDITY
  • CONSTRUCTIVISM/CONSTRUCTIONISM
  • CONTAMINATION
  • CONTENT ANALYSIS
  • CONTENT VALIDITY
  • CONTEXTUALISM
  • CONTINGENCY TABLE
  • CONTROL
  • CONTROL GROUP
  • CONVENIENCE SAMPLING
  • CONVERGENT VALIDITY
  • CORE CATEGORY/CORE VARIABLE
  • CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
  • CORRELATIONAL RESEARCH
  • COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS
  • COST-EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSIS
  • CREDIBILITY
  • CRITERION (CRITERIA PL.)
  • CRITICAL ETHNOGRAPHY
  • CRITICAL HERMENEUTICS
  • CRITICAL INCIDENT ANALYSIS
  • CRITICAL THEORY/CRITICALIST RESEARCH
  • CRONBACH’S ALPHA (COEFFICIENT ALPHA)
  • CROSSOVER DESIGN
  • CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY
  • CROSS-TABULATION
  • CROSS-VALIDATION
  • CULTURE

D

  • DATA (DATUM SING.)
  • DATA AND SAFETY MONITORING (DSM)
  • DATABASE
  • DATA MANAGEMENT
  • DATA MATRIX
  • DECONSTRUCTION
  • DEDUCTIVE REASONING
  • DEGREES OF FREEDOM
  • DEIDENTIFIED/LIMITED DATA SET
  • DELETION
  • DELPHI TECHNIQUE
  • DEPENDABILITY
  • DEPENDENT SAMPLES
  • DEPENDENT VARIABLE
  • DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH
  • DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS
  • DESIGN
  • DETERMINISM
  • DIALECTIC
  • DIALOGUE
  • DICHOTOMY
  • DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS
  • DISCOURSE ANALYSIS
  • DISCRIMINANT ANALYSIS
  • DISCRIMINANT VALIDITY
  • DOUBLE-BLIND STUDY
  • DUMMY VARIABLE

E

  • EFFECT SIZE
  • EFFICACY/EFFECTIVENESS
  • EMIC/ETIC
  • EMPIRICAL INDICATOR/REFERENT
  • EMPIRICAL RESEARCH
  • EMPIRICISM
  • ENDOGENOUS VARIABLE
  • EPIDEMIOLOGICAL RESEARCH
  • EPISTEMOLOGY
  • ERROR
  • ESSENCES
  • ETHNOGRAPHY
  • ETHNOMETHODOLOGY
  • ETHNOSCIENCE
  • EVALUATION RESEARCH
  • EVIDENCE AND BEST EVIDENCE
  • EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE (EBP)
  • EX POST FACTO RESEARCH
  • EXEMPLAR
  • EXOGENOUS VARIABLE
  • EXPERIMENT
  • EXPERIMENTAL GROUP
  • EXPLANATION
  • EXPLORATORY DATA ANALYSIS
  • EXTERNAL VALIDITY
  • EXTRANEOUS VARIABLE

F

  • F TEST
  • FACE VALIDITY
  • FACTOR ANALYSIS
  • FACTORIAL DESIGN
  • FEASIBILITY STUDY
  • FEMINIST RESEARCH
  • FIDELITY
  • FIELDNOTES
  • FIELDWORK
  • FISHER’S EXACT TEST
  • FOCUSED ETHNOGRAPHY
  • FOCUS GROUPS
  • FORMAL THEORY
  • FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION
  • FUNCTIONALISM

G

  • GENERALIZATIONS
  • GENERALIZED ESTIMATING EQUATIONS
  • GRAND THEORY
  • GROUNDED THEORY
  • GUTTMAN SCALE

H

  • HALO EFFECT
  • HAWTHORNE EFFECT
  • HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH (HSR)
  • HERMENEUTIC CIRCLE
  • HERMENEUTICS
  • HIERARCHICAL LINEAR MODELING
  • HIERARCHICAL REGRESSION ANALYSIS
  • HIPAA
  • HISTORICAL RESEARCH
  • HOLISM
  • HUMAN SCIENCE
  • HYPOTHESIS
  • HYPOTHESIS TESTING

I

  • IDEALISM
  • IDEOLOGY
  • IDIOGRAPHIC
  • IMPACT FACTOR
  • IMPLEMENTATION SCIENCE
  • IMPUTATION
  • INDEPENDENT OBSERVATIONS
  • INDEPENDENT SAMPLES
  • INDEPENDENT VARIABLE
  • INDUCTIVE REASONING
  • INFERENCE
  • INFERENTIAL STATISTICS
  • INFORMED CONSENT/ASSENT AND PERMISSION
  • INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARD (IRB)
  • INSTRUMENTATION
  • INTENSIVE (IN-DEPTH) INTERVIEWING
  • INTENT TO TREAT (INTENTION TO TREAT)
  • INTENTIONALITY
  • INTERACTION EFFECT
  • INTERNAL CONSISTENCY
  • INTERNAL VALIDITY
  • INTERNET RESEARCH
  • INTERPRETATION
  • INTERPRETIVISM
  • INTERPROFESSIONAL (INTER … MULTI … TRANSDISCIPLINARY) TEAM RESEARCH
  • INTERRATER RELIABILITY
  • INTERSUBJECTIVITY
  • INTERVAL ESTIMATION
  • INTERVAL SCALE
  • INTERVENING VARIABLE
  • INTRACLASS CORRELATION

J

  • JOHNSON–NEYMAN TECHNIQUE

K

  • KEY INFORMANT
  • KNOWN-GROUPS TECHNIQUE

L

  • LAW
  • LEVEL OF MEASUREMENT
  • LEVEL OF SIGNIFICANCE
  • LIFE HISTORY
  • LIFEWORLD/LIVED EXPERIENCE
  • LIKERT SCALE
  • LOGICAL EMPIRICISM
  • LOGICAL POSITIVISM
  • LOGISTIC REGRESSION ANALYSIS
  • LONGITUDINAL STUDY

M

  • MAIN EFFECT
  • MANIPULATION
  • MANN–WHITNEY TEST
  • MATCHING
  • MEAN
  • MEASUREMENT
  • MEDIAN
  • MEDIATOR VARIABLE
  • MEMBER CHECKS
  • MEMOS/MEMOING
  • META-ANALYSIS
  • METAPARADIGM
  • META-SYNTHESIS
  • METATHEORY
  • METHOD AND METHODOLOGY
  • METHODOLOGICAL RESEARCH
  • MIDDLE-RANGE THEORY
  • MISSING DATA
  • MIXED METHODS RESEARCH
  • MODE
  • MODEL
  • MODERATOR VARIABLE
  • MODERNISM
  • MULTICOLLINEARITY
  • MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS

N

  • NARRATIVE INQUIRY
  • NARROW-RANGE THEORY
  • NATURALISTIC INQUIRY
  • NEEDS ASSESSMENT/NEED ANALYSIS
  • NEGATIVE CASE ANALYSIS
  • NEGATIVE RELATIONSHIP
  • NEOMODERNISM
  • NOMINAL SCALE
  • NOMOTHETIC
  • NONPARAMETRIC STATISTICS
  • NONRECURSIVE MODEL
  • NULL HYPOTHESIS
  • NUMBER NEEDED TO TREAT/TO HARM

O

  • OBJECTIVE/OBJECTIVITY
  • OBJECTIVISM
  • OBSERVATION
  • OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
  • ODDS RATIO
  • ONE-TAILED TEST
  • ONTOLOGY
  • OPERATIONAL DEFINITION
  • ORAL HISTORY
  • ORDINAL SCALE
  • ORTHOGONAL DESIGN/ROTATION/CONTRASTS
  • OUTCOMES RESEARCH
  • OUTLIER

P

  • PARADIGM
  • PARALLEL FORMS
  • PARAMETER
  • PARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
  • PARTICIPANT OBSERVATION
  • PARTICIPATORY ACTION RESEARCH (PAR)
  • PATH ANALYSIS
  • PATTERNS OF KNOWING
  • PEARSON PRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
  • PEER DEBRIEFING
  • PER PROTOCOL ANALYSIS
  • PERCENTAGE
  • PHENOMENOLOGICAL REDUCTION
  • PHENOMENOLOGY
  • PHILOSOPHICAL INQUIRY
  • PILOT STUDY
  • PLACEBO
  • POINT ESTIMATION
  • POPULATION
  • POSITIVE RELATIONSHIP
  • POSITIVISM
  • POSTEMPIRICISM
  • POSTMODERNISM
  • POSTPOSITIVISM
  • POSTSTRUCTURALISM
  • POSTTEST
  • POSTULATE
  • POWER
  • PRAGMATISM
  • PRAXIS
  • PREDICTIVE VALIDITY
  • PREMISE
  • PRETEST
  • PRIMARY SOURCE
  • PROBABILITY SAMPLING
  • PROBLEM SOLVING
  • PROPENSITY SCORE ANALYSIS
  • PROPORTION
  • PROPOSITION
  • PROSPECTIVE STUDY
  • PROTECTED HEALTH INFORMATION (PHI)
  • PROTOCOL
  • PSYCHOMETRIC TESTING
  • PURPOSEFUL SAMPLING
  • P VALUE

Q

  • Q-SORT
  • QUALITATIVE DESCRIPTION
  • QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
  • QUALITY ASSURANCE (QA)/CONTINUOUS QUALITY IMPROVEMENT (CQI)
  • QUANTITATIVE DESCRIPTION
  • QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH
  • QUASI-EXPERIMENT
  • QUOTA SAMPLING

R

  • RANDOM ASSIGNMENT
  • RANDOM SAMPLING
  • RANDOMIZED CLINICAL TRIAL
  • RANGE
  • RAPID ASSESSMENT PROCESS/RAPID APPRAISAL
  • RATIO SCALE
  • REALISM
  • RECEIVER OPERATING CHARACTERISTIC CURVE
  • RECURSIVE MODEL
  • REDUCTIONISM
  • REFLEXIVITY
  • REGRESSION ANALYSIS
  • RELATIVISM
  • RELIABILITY
  • REPEATED-MEASURES DESIGN
  • REPLICATION
  • REPRESENTATION
  • RESEARCH
  • RESEARCH UTILIZATION
  • RETROSPECTIVE STUDY
  • RISK
  • ROBUST STATISTICS

S

  • SAMPLE
  • SAMPLING
  • SAMPLING DISTRIBUTION
  • SATURATION
  • SCALE
  • SCIENCE
  • SECONDARY ANALYSIS
  • SECONDARY SOURCE
  • SEMANTIC DIFFERENTIAL
  • SEMIOTICS
  • SENSITIVITY
  • SEQUENTIAL ANALYSIS
  • SIMPSON’S PARADOX
  • SIMULTANEOUS REGRESSION ANALYSIS
  • SLOPE ANALYSIS
  • SNOWBALL SAMPLING
  • SPECIFICITY
  • SPLIT HALVES
  • SPURIOUS RELATIONSHIP
  • STAKEHOLDERS
  • STANDARD DEVIATION
  • STATISTIC
  • STEPWISE REGRESSION ANALYSIS
  • STRATIFIED RANDOM SAMPLING
  • STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELING
  • STRUCTURAL-FUNCTIONALISM
  • STRUCTURALISM
  • SUBJECT
  • SUBJECTIVE/SUBJECTIVITY
  • SUBJECTIVISM
  • SUBSTANTIVE THEORY
  • SUPPRESSOR VARIABLE
  • SURVEY
  • SURVIVAL ANALYSIS
  • SYMBOLIC INTERACTION
  • SYSTEMATIC REVIEWS
  • SYSTEMATIC SAMPLING

T

  • T TEST
  • TEST OF SIGNIFICANCE
  • TEST–RETEST
  • THEMES
  • THEOREM
  • THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVE
  • THEORETICAL SAMPLING
  • THEORETICAL SATURATION
  • THEORY
  • THICK DESCRIPTION
  • TRANSCRIPTION
  • TRANSFERABILITY
  • TRANSLATIONAL RESEARCH
  • TREATMENT EFFECT
  • TRIANGULATION
  • TRUE EXPERIMENT
  • TRUE SCORE
  • TRUSTWORTHINESS CRITERIA
  • TWO-TAILED TEST
  • TYPE I ERROR
  • TYPE II ERROR

U

  • UNBIASED STATISTIC
  • UNIT OF ANALYSIS
  • UNOBTRUSIVE RESEARCH

V

  • VALIDITY
  • VARIABLE
  • VARIANCE
  • VERISIMILITUDE
  • VERSTEHEN
  • VISUAL ANALOG SCALE
  • VOICE

W

  • WILCOXON TEST
  • WORLDVIEW

X

  • X

Y

  • Y

Z

  • ZERO-ORDER CORRELATION COEFFICIENT

REFERENCES