Orthopaedic Knowledge Update Sports Medicine 5

Author: Mark Miller, MD
Affiliation:
Publisher: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Publication Date: 2016
ISBN 10: 1625523289
ISBN 13: 9781625523280
Edition: 1st

Description:

OKU: Sports Medicine 5 brings together the most relevant literature and the latest research, including extensive updates in knee and shoulder, from the past five years. Top notch experts collaborated on this succinct review of pertinent advances in sports medicine. Find brand-new content on bone loss instability, proximal biceps injuries, ACL reconstruction, meniscal posterior horn tears, and much more. In-depth illustrations help you fully comprehend new concepts, while expert section and chapter editors ensure a thorough, yet unbiased presentation of relevant literature. Key study points are presented at the end of each chapter so you can quickly assess important content. Whether you are an orthopaedic surgeon specializing in sports medicine, physician assistant, physiatrist, or primary care physician, this is your go-to guide for diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation, and beyond. New! Online Access to Surgical Techniques Video In addition to providing guidance for managing challenging patient cases, this edition includes a link to access videos on the most in-demand and innovative surgical techniques in sports medicine. Close the time gap between reading content and applying innovative skills while expanding your surgical options. Sections are: - Upper Extremity - Hip and Pelvis - Knee and Leg - Rehabilitation - Head and Spine - Miscellaneous - Medical Issues - The Young Athlete - Imaging

Table of Contents

Front Matter

  • ABOUT
  • Acknowledgments
  • preface
  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • Video Abstracts

Upper Extremity

    Shoulder Instability

    • Introduction
    • Anterior Instability
    • Posterior Instability
    • Multidirectional Instability
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Disorders of the Acromioclavicular Joint, Sternoclavicular Joint, and Clavicle

    • Introduction
    • AC Joint Injuries
    • Clavicle Fractures
    • SC Joint Injuries
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Rotator Cuff Disease

    • Introduction
    • Natural History and Societal Effect
    • Biomechanics, Anatomy, and Genetics
    • Classification
    • Physical Examination
    • Diagnostic Imaging
    • Nonsurgical Treatment
    • Surgical Considerations
    • Postoperative Concerns
    • Tendon Transfers
    • Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Superior Labrum and Biceps Pathology

    • Introduction
    • Anatomy
    • Pathophysiology
    • Classification
    • Physical Examination
    • Imaging
    • Nonsurgical Treatment
    • Surgical Treatment
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Adhesive Capsulitis, Cartilage Lesions, Nerve Compression Disorders, and Snapping Scapula

    • Introduction
    • Adhesive Capsulitis
    • Cartilage Lesions
    • Nerve Compression Disorders/Suprascapular Nerve Entrapment
    • Snapping Scapula
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Elbow Arthroscopy and the Thrower’s Elbow

    • Introduction
    • Indications and Contraindications
    • Patient Positioning
    • Portal Placement
    • Complications
    • Specific Procedures
    • Thrower’s Elbow
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Acute/Traumatic Elbow Injuries

    • Introduction
    • Radial Head Fractures
    • Simple Elbow Dislocations
    • Posterolateral Rotatory Instability
    • Complex Elbow Instability
    • Distal Triceps Injuries
    • Distal Biceps Injuries
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Chronic/Overuse Elbow Disorders

    • Introduction
    • Medial Epicondylitis
    • Lateral Epicondylitis
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Hand and Wrist Injuries

    • Introduction
    • Hand Injuries
    • Differential Diagnosis of Wrist Pain in the Athlete
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

Hip and Pelvis

    Athletic Hip Injuries

    • Introduction
    • Acetabular Labral Tears
    • Hip Instability
    • The Ligamentum Teres
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Femoroacetabular Impingement

    • Introduction
    • Etiology
    • Types of Impingement
    • Acetabular Dysplasia
    • History
    • Physical Examination
    • Imaging
    • Nonsurgical Management
    • Surgical Management
    • Outcomes
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Extra-articular Hip Disorders

    • Introduction
    • Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome
    • Piriformis Syndrome
    • Coxa Saltans Interna
    • Coxa Saltans Externa
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Muscle Injuries of the Proximal Thigh

    • Introduction
    • Evaluation of Athletic Hip Injuries
    • Treatment Principles of Muscle Strain Injuries
    • Muscle Contusions
    • Hamstring Strains and Avulsions
    • Quadriceps Strains and Avulsions
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Athletic Pubalgia and Groin Pathology

    • Introduction
    • Athletic Pubalgia
    • Combined Athletic Pubalgia and FAI
    • Adductor Strain
    • Osteitis Pubis
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

Knee and Leg

    Cruciate Ligament Injuries

    • Introduction
    • Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury
    • Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injury
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References
    • Video References

    Collateral Ligament Injuries

    • Introduction
    • The Medial Collateral Ligament
    • The Lateral Collateral Ligament
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References
    • Video References

    Patellofemoral Joint Disorders

    • Introduction
    • Anatomy and Biomechanics
    • Clinical Evaluation
    • Imaging
    • Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
    • Patellofemoral Instability
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Articular Cartilage of the Knee

    • Introduction
    • Basic Science
    • Epidemiology and Natural History
    • Clinical Evaluation
    • Nonsurgical Treatment
    • Surgical Treatment
    • Outcomes
    • Comparative Outcome Studies
    • Biologic Techniques
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References
    • Video Reference

    Nonarthroplasty Management of Osteoarthritis of the Knee

    • Introduction
    • Patient Evaluation
    • Nonsurgical Management
    • Surgical Treatment
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Meniscal Injuries

    • Introduction
    • Anatomy
    • Diagnosis
    • Treatment
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References
    • Video References

    Leg Pain Disorders

    • Introduction
    • Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome
    • Tibial Stress Reaction
    • Tibial Stress Fracture
    • Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome
    • Popliteal Artery Entrapment Syndrome
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Ankle and Foot Injuries and Other Disorders

    • Introduction
    • Ankle Injuries
    • Ankle Impingement Syndromes
    • Foot Disorders
    • Stress Fractures
    • Achilles Tendon Disorders
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References
    • Video References

Rehabilitation

    Current Concepts in Rehabilitation of Rotator Cuff Pathology: Nonsurgical and Postoperative Considerations

    • Introduction
    • Nonsurgical Treatment
    • Exercise to Treat Rotator Cuff Pathology
    • Postoperative Concepts
    • ROM Concepts
    • Passive Versus Active-Assisted ROM
    • Resistance Exercise
    • Progression to Functional Activities
    • Early Versus Delayed ROM: Effect on Outcome
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Nonsurgical and Postoperative Rehabilitation for Injuries of the Overhead Athlete’s Elbow

    • Introduction
    • Nonsurgical Rehabilitation
    • Specific Nonsurgical Rehabilitation Guidelines
    • Specific Postoperative Rehabilitation Guidelines
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Hip Rehabilitation

    • Introduction
    • Femoroacetabular Impingement
    • Joint Hypermobility
    • Postoperative Concerns for Athletes Undergoing Hip Arthroscopy
    • Sport-Specific Rehabilitation Concerns for Athletes With Hip Injuries
    • Return-to-Play Considerations for Athletes With Hip Injuries
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References
    • Video Reference

    Current Rehabilitation Concepts Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

    • Introduction
    • Preoperative Rehabilitation
    • Early Postoperative Rehabilitation
    • Late Postoperative Rehabilitation
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References
    • Video References

    Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome: Current Concepts in Rehabilitation

    • Introduction
    • Proximal Interventions
    • Local Interventions
    • Distal Interventions
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Foot and Ankle Rehabilitation

    • Introduction
    • Manual Therapy
    • Taping
    • Exercise
    • Evidence-Based Practice
    • Plantar Fasciitis
    • Achilles Tendinopathy
    • Ankle Sprain
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Core Stabilization

    • Introduction
    • Why is the Core Important?
    • Core Muscles and Stability
    • Benefits and Risks of Core Stabilization Exercises
    • Biomechanical Differences Between Abdominal Hollowing and Bracing
    • Traditional and Nontraditional Exercises for Core Stability
    • Biomechanical Differences Between Abdominal Exercises That Cause Active Hip or Trunk Flexion and Control Hip or Trunk Extension
    • Biomechanical Differences Between the Crunch and Bent-Knee Sit-Up
    • Abdominal and Oblique Recruitment Between the Crunch and Reverse Crunch
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

Head and Spine

    Concussion

    • Introduction
    • Definition
    • Pathophysiology
    • Classification of Concussion
    • Evaluation and Assessment Tools
    • Management
    • Return to Play
    • Postconcussion Syndrome
    • Second-Impact Syndrome
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Traumatic Spine Injuries in the Athlete

    • Introduction and Epidemiology
    • Pathophysiology
    • Management
    • Imaging
    • Return to Play After Spine Injury
    • Controversies
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    The Cervical Spine

    • Introduction
    • History and Physical Examination
    • Imaging
    • Types of Cervical Spine Injuries
    • Cervical Strain and Sprain
    • Cervical Disk Herniation
    • Spear Tackler Spine
    • Atlantoaxial Rotatory Subluxation
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References
    • Video Reference

    Thoracolumbar Spine

    • Introduction
    • History and Physical Examination
    • Thoracic Herniated Disk
    • Lumbar Disk Herniation
    • Spondylolysis
    • Spondylolisthesis
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

Miscellaneous Topics

    The Team Physician and the Ethics of Sports Medicine

    • Introduction
    • Conflicts of Interest
    • Three Principles of Modern Medical Practice
    • Concussion
    • Performance-Enhancing Drugs
    • Genomics
    • Medical Innovations
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Research Studies and Registries in Sports Medicine

    • Introduction
    • Study Design
    • Statistics
    • Multicenter and Registry-Based Research in Sports Medicine
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Current Concepts in Tendinopathy

    • Introduction
    • Tendon Structure
    • Acute Tendon Injury
    • Chronic Tendon Injury
    • The Cellular Response to Injury
    • Structural Changes in Tendinopathy
    • Nonsurgical Therapeutic Interventions
    • Surgical Management of Tendinopathy
    • Recent Research on Tendinopathy
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Current Applications of Orthobiologic Agents

    • Introduction
    • Growth Factor Therapy
    • Cellular Therapy
    • Tissue Therapy: Scaffolds
    • Systemic Factors
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    The Biology and Biomechanics of Grafts and Implants

    • Introduction
    • Grafts in ACL Reconstruction
    • Implants
    • Suture Anchors
    • Meniscus Repair
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

Medical Issues

    Sports Nutrition

    • Introduction
    • Energy Sources for the Muscles
    • Dietary Recommendations for Athletes
    • Hydration
    • Eating During Competition and Training
    • Supplements
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Sport Psychology

    • Introduction
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Cardiac Issues in Athletes

    • Introduction
    • Preparticipation Examination
    • Incidence of SCD in Athletes
    • Causes of SCD in Athletes
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Female Athlete Triad

    • Introduction
    • Features of the Triad
    • Screening
    • Further Evaluation and Diagnosis
    • Treatment
    • Prevention
    • Return to Play
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Infectious Disease in the Athlete

    • Introduction
    • Bacterial Skin Infections
    • Viral Skin Infections
    • Fungal Skin Infections
    • Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat Infections
    • Pulmonary Infections
    • Gastrointestinal and Genitourinary Infections
    • Blood-Borne Infectious Illness
    • Meningitis
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Facial Injuries

    • Introduction
    • Initial Assessment
    • Soft-Tissue Injuries
    • Facial Fractures
    • Ear Injuries/Auricular Hematoma
    • Eye Injuries
    • Dental Injuries
    • Prevention
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Abdominal Injuries

    • Introduction
    • General Sideline Approach
    • Further Evaluation
    • Types of Abdominal Injuries
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Heat Illness and Hydration

    • Introduction
    • Background and Epidemiology
    • Pathophysiology
    • Risk Factors
    • Heat Illness/Heat Injury/Heatstroke
    • Management of Heat-Related Illnesses
    • Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia
    • Prevention of Heat Illness
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

The Young Athlete

    Osteochondritis Dissecans

    • Introduction
    • Location of OCD
    • OCD of the Knee
    • OCD of the Elbow
    • OCD of the Talus
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears in Skeletally Immature Athletes

    • Introduction
    • The Growing Athlete
    • Diagnosis
    • Nonsurgical Management
    • Surgical Management
    • Surgical Outcomes and Rehabilitation
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Patellofemoral Instability and Other Common Knee Issues in the Skeletally Immature Athlete

    • Introduction
    • Patellofemoral Instability
    • Tibial Spine Avulsion Fractures
    • Discoid Lateral Meniscus
    • Knee Osteochondroses
    • SLJ Disease
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References
    • Video Reference

    Special Considerations in Head Injuries in Adolescent Athletes

    • Introduction
    • Epidemiology
    • Definition and Mechanism of Injury
    • On-Field Management and Initial Care
    • Concussion Management Team
    • Clinical Management
    • Specific Concerns in a Youth Population
    • Injury Prevention
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Shoulder and Elbow Injuries in the Skeletally Immature Athlete

    • Introduction
    • Shoulder
    • Elbow
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Strength Training and Conditioning in Young Athletes

    • Introduction
    • Physical Activity and Strength Training
    • Health Benefits of Strength Training
    • Special Populations
    • Guidelines for Strength Training
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

Imaging

    MRI of the Glenohumeral Joint

    • Introduction
    • The Rotator Cuff
    • The Labrum and Labral Instability
    • The Biceps Tendon and Rotator Cuff Interval
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    MRI of the Elbow

    • Introduction
    • Tendons
    • Ligaments
    • Bones and Cartilage
    • Nerves
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Imaging of the Hip

    • Introduction
    • Ischiofemoral Impingement
    • Iliopsoas Impingement
    • Hip Labrum Abnormality
    • Hip Cartilage Abnormality
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Imaging of the Knee

    • Introduction
    • The Anterior Cruciate Ligament
    • The Posterior Cruciate Ligament
    • The Menisci and Hyaline Cartilage
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References

    Diagnostic Ultrasound and Ultrasound-Guided Procedures

    • Introduction
    • Shoulder Ultrasound
    • Elbow Ultrasound
    • Wrist and Hand Ultrasound
    • Hip Ultrasound
    • Knee Ultrasound
    • Foot and Ankle Ultrasound
    • Summary
    • Key Study Points
    • Annotated References