FLUIDS AND ELECTROLYTES WITH CLINICAL APPLICATIONS: A PROGRAMMED APPROACH

Author: Joyce Kee, MS, RN, Betty Paulanka, EdD, RN, Carolee Polek, PhD, RN
Affiliation: University of Delaware, Newark
Publisher: Delmar Cengage Learning
Publication Date: 2010
ISBN 10: 1435453670
ISBN 13: 9781435453678
Edition: 8th

Description:

Fluids and Electrolytes with Clinical Applications: A Programmed Approach puts you in control of your learning experience. The self-paced, programmed approach makes learning and mastering difficult concepts simple and straightforward. The eighth edition provides a comprehensive survey of fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base imbalance concepts from the functions and movement of body fluids to intravenous solutions. Benefits: * Comprehensive approach offers the broadest possible survey of critical fluid and electrolyte concepts with applications * Real-life case studies that emphasize HIPAA regulations apply important information across the life span in health care settings * Concise chapters target fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balances with numerous clinical situations to help readers master key concepts in a step-by-step approach * Emphasis on evaluation and outcomes clarifies expected outcomes and reinforces best practices * NEW! Includes important new information on fluid and electrolyte imbalances related to bariatric surgery and updated information on COPD. * NEW! The glossary has been expanded and updated with new and revised definitions.

Table of Contents

Front Matter

  • ABOUT
  • Notice to the Reader
  • DEDICATION
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Contributors and Consultants
  • Reviewers
  • Helpful Suggestions from the Authors

UNIT I BODY FLUID AND ITS FUNCTION

    Body Fluid, Its Function and Movement

    • INTRODUCTION
    • FLUID COMPARTMENTS
    • FUNCTIONS OF BODY WATER
    • INTAKE AND OUTPUT FOR HOMEOSTASIS
    • DEFINITIONS RELATED TO BODY FLUIDS
    • FLUID PRESSURES (STARLING’S LAW)
    • REGULATORS OF FLUID BALANCE
    • OSMOLALITY
    • MILLIGRAMS VERSUS MILLIEQUIVALENTS
    • CLINICAL APPLICATIONS
    • CASE STUDY: REVIEW
    • CARE PLAN

UNIT II FLUIDS AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON THE BODY

    Extracellular Fluid Volume Deficit (ECFVD)

    • INTRODUCTION
    • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
    • ETIOLOGY
    • CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS
    • CLINICAL APPLICATIONS
    • CLINICAL MANAGEMENT
    • CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS
    • CASE STUDY: REVIEW
    • CARE PLAN

    Extracellular Fluid Volume Excess (ECFVE)

    • INTRODUCTION
    • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
    • ETIOLOGY
    • CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS
    • CLINICAL APPLICATIONS
    • CLINICAL MANAGEMENT
    • CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS
    • CASE STUDY: REVIEW
    • CARE PLAN

    Extracellular Fluid Volume Shift (ECFVS)

    • INTRODUCTION
    • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
    • ETIOLOGY
    • CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS
    • CLINICAL APPLICATIONS
    • CLINICAL MANAGEMENT
    • CASE STUDY: REVIEW
    • CARE PLAN

    Intracellular Fluid Volume Excess (ICFVE)

    • INTRODUCTION
    • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
    • ETIOLOGY
    • CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS
    • CLINICAL APPLICATIONS
    • CLINICAL MANAGEMENT
    • CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS
    • CASE STUDY: REVIEW
    • CARE PLAN

UNIT III ELECTROLYTES AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON THE BODY

    Potassium Imbalances

    • INTRODUCTION
    • FUNCTIONS
    • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
    • ETIOLOGY
    • CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS
    • CLINICAL MANAGEMENT
    • CLINICAL APPLICATIONS
    • CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS
    • CASE STUDY: REVIEW
    • CARE PLAN

    Sodium and Chloride Imbalances

    • INTRODUCTION
    • FUNCTIONS
    • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
    • ETIOLOGY
    • CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS
    • CLINICAL MANAGEMENT
    • CLINICAL APPLICATIONS
    • CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS
    • CASE STUDY: REVIEW
    • CARE PLAN

    Calcium Imbalances

    • INTRODUCTION
    • FUNCTIONS
    • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
    • ETIOLOGY
    • CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS
    • CLINICAL MANAGEMENT
    • CLINICAL APPLICATIONS
    • CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS
    • CASE STUDY: REVIEW
    • CARE PLAN

    Magnesium Imbalances

    • INTRODUCTION
    • FUNCTIONS
    • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
    • ETIOLOGY
    • CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS
    • CLINICAL MANAGEMENT
    • CLINICAL APPLICATIONS
    • CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS
    • CASE STUDY: REVIEW
    • CARE PLAN

    Phosphorus Imbalances

    • INTRODUCTION
    • FUNCTIONS
    • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
    • ETIOLOGY
    • CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS
    • CLINICAL MANAGEMENT
    • CLINICAL APPLICATIONS
    • CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS
    • CASE STUDY: REVIEW
    • CARE PLAN

UNIT IV ACID-BASE BALANCE AND IMBALANCE

    Regulatory Mechanisms for pH Control

    • INTRODUCTION

    Determination of Acid-Base Imbalances

    • INTRODUCTION
    • COMPENSATION FOR PH BALANCE

    Metabolic Acidosis and Alkalosis

    • INTRODUCTION
    • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
    • ETIOLOGY
    • CLINICAL APPLICATIONS
    • CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS
    • CLINICAL MANAGEMENT
    • CASE STUDY: REVIEW
    • CARE PLAN

    Respiratory Acidosis and Alkalosis

    • INTRODUCTION
    • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
    • ETIOLOGY
    • CLINICAL APPLICATIONS
    • CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS
    • CLINICAL MANAGEMENT
    • CASE STUDY: REVIEW
    • CARE PLAN

UNIT V CLINICAL SITUATIONS: FLUID, ELECTROLYTE, AND ACID-BASE IMBALANCES

    Fluid Problems of Infants and Children

    • LEARNING OUTCOMES
    • INTRODUCTION
    • PHYSIOLOGIC FACTORS
    • ETIOLOGY
    • CLINICAL APPLICATIONS
    • DEFICIENT FLUID VOLUME
    • TYPES OF DEHYDRATION
    • TREATMENT OPTIONS
    • CASE STUDY: REVIEW
    • CARE PLAN

    Fluid Problems of the Older Adult

    • LEARNING OUTCOMES
    • INTRODUCTION
    • PHYSIOLOGIC CHANGES
    • ASSESSMENT FACTORS
    • CASE STUDY: REVIEW A
    • CASE STUDY: REVIEW B

    Trauma and Shock

    • LEARNING OUTCOMES
    • INTRODUCTION
    • TRAUMA
    • CASE STUDY: REVIEW
    • SHOCK
    • CASE STUDY: REVIEW
    • CARE PLAN

    Gastrointestinal (GI) Surgery with Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalances

    • LEARNING OUTCOMES
    • INTRODUCTION
    • FLUID AND ELECTROLYTE IMPAIRMENTS
    • CLINICAL APPLICATIONS
    • CLINICAL MANAGEMENT
    • CASE STUDY: REVIEW
    • BARIATRIC SURGERY
    • CARE PLAN

    Renal Failure: Hemodialysis, Peritoneal Dialysis, and Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy

    • LEARNING OUTCOMES
    • INTRODUCTION
    • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
    • ETIOLOGY
    • CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS
    • CLINICAL MANAGEMENT: DIALYSIS
    • CLINICAL APPLICATIONS
    • CASE STUDY: REVIEW
    • CARE PLAN

    Chronic Diseases with Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalances

    • LEARNING OUTCOMES
    • INTRODUCTION
    • HEART FAILURE
    • DIABETES MELLITUS (DM) AND DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS (DKA)
    • CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE (COPD)

Appendix A Common Laboratory Tests and Values for Adults and Children

Appendix B Foods Rich in Potassium, Sodium, Calcium, Magnesium, Chloride, and Phosphorus

Appendix C The Joint Commission’s (TJC) List of Accepted Abbreviations

Glossary

References/Bibliography