DELMAR'S GUIDE TO LABORATORY AND DIAGNOSTIC TESTS Organized Alphabetically This title has been archived.

Author: Rick Daniels, RN, COL, PhD
Affiliation: Oregon Health and Science University of Ashland
Publisher: Delmar Cengage Learning
Publication Date: 2010
ISBN 10: 1418020672
ISBN 13: 9781418020675
Edition: 2nd

Description:

Organized alphabetically. Now in its second edition, Delmar's Guide of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests adds over 50 new entries to its compilation of over 600 lab and diagnostic tests. The most current information is provided in an easy-to-use format ideal for both students and practitioners of nursing, medicine, and medical technology. The exceptionally straightforward and concise presentation of information allows you to focus on providing comprehensive care to your client having laboratory and diagnostic tests and procedures. Now for the first time 50 of the most used tests are included in PDA downloadable format on the accompanying CD-ROM, giving you free electronic access to the test and procedure information most needed. Benefits: Three indexes promote ease of use and quick access to information: list of tests by type, list of tests by body system, and a general alphabetical index that includes every test name and their synonyms. Completely indexed and fully cross referenced with test synonyms indexed for quick reference. Before, during, and after test nursing considerations are listed for every test reinforcing the concept that care is needed beyond just the test procedure. Weblinks for every test provide internet addresses for finding more information about the alteration being tested for. Unique worldwide perspective provided by contributors from the United States, Mexico, Guatamala, and Canada provides a well-rounded knowledge base of information. Rural, community, home, and international considerations included as appropriate. NEW! Thoroughly updated to provide the most current information available. NEW! Icons are provided in the text indicating tests that are included as PDA downloads on the free-with-purchase CD-ROM.

Table of Contents

Front Matter

  • ABOUT
  • Notice to the Reader
  • Introduction
  • Acknowledgments
  • Contributors
  • Reviewers

SECTION I The Role of Testing

    Understanding and Using Delmar’s Guide to Laboratory and Diagnostic Testing Second Edition

    • A Wide Variety of Tests That Benefit the Client
    • Assumptions of the Text
    • Explanation of Fields
    • Summary
    • Bibliography

    The Ever-Expanding Role of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests

    • Value of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests
    • Nurses’ Role Associated with Laboratory and Diagnostic Testing
    • The Future Is Here
    • Ethics of Interpreting Tests
    • Summary
    • Bibliography

    Standard Precautions

    • Standard Precautions
    • Obtaining Laboratory Specimens and Standard Precautions
    • Occupational Exposure
    • Summary
    • Bibliography

    Case Study Presentations

    • Case Scenario: Diabetes Complications
    • Discussion
    • Case Scenario: Sickle Cell Disease
    • Discussion
    • Case Scenario: Acute Renal Failure
    • Discussion
    • Case Scenario: Cardiac Problems
    • Discussion
    • Case Scenario: Infant Illness
    • Discussion
    • Case Scenario: Thyroid Problems

SECTION II Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests

    A

    • Abdominal Film
    • Abdominal Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    • Abdominal Ultrasound
    • Acetaminophen
    • Acetylcholine Receptor-Binding Antibodies
    • Acid Phosphatase
    • Acid-Fast Bacterial Culture and Stain, Sputum
    • Acid-Fast Bacterial Stain and Culture, Nocardia Species
    • Actinomyces , Culture
    • Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time
    • Adenovirus Antibody Titer
    • Adrenal Gland Scan
    • Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
    • Adrenocorticotropic Hormone Stimulation
    • Alanine Aminotransferase
    • Albumin
    • Aldolase
    • Aldosterone
    • Alkaline Phosphatase
    • Allergen Skin Testing
    • Allergen Testing
    • Alpha-Fetoprotein
    • Amebiasis Antibody
    • Amino Acids
    • Ammonia
    • Amniocentesis
    • Amylase
    • Amyloid Beta-Protein Precursor
    • Androstenedione
    • Angiography
    • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme
    • Anthrax
    • Antibody Screen
    • Anticentromere Antibody
    • Antidiuretic Hormone
    • Anti-DNA Antibody
    • Antihyaluronidase Titer
    • Anti-La(SSB)
    • Antimitochondrial Antibody
    • Antimyocardial Antibody Test
    • Antinuclear Antibody
    • Anti-RNP
    • Anti-Smooth Muscle
    • Anti-SS-A(Ro)
    • Anti-SRP
    • Anti-Streptolysin O (ASO)
    • Antithrombin III
    • Apolipoprotein
    • Arsenic
    • Arterial Blood Gas Sampling
    • Arteriography
    • Arthrography
    • Arthroscopy
    • Arylsulfate A
    • Aspartate Aminotransferase
    • Aspergillus Antibody
    • Aspirin Tolerance Test
    • Automated Reagin

    B

    • Barium Enema
    • Barium Swallow
    • Bartonella Henselae Antibody
    • Basic Metabolic Panel
    • Bence Jones Protein
    • Benedict’s Test
    • Beta-2 Microglobulin
    • Beta-Glucosidase
    • Beta-Hydroxybutyric Acid
    • Beta-Lactoglobulin
    • Bicarbonate
    • Bile Fluid Examination
    • Bile Salt Absorption
    • Bilirubin
    • Bladder Ultrasonography
    • Blastomycosis Determination
    • Bleeding Time
    • Blood Culture
    • Blood Group Antigen of Semen, Vaginal Swab
    • Blood Typing and Cross-Matching
    • Blood Urea Nitrogen
    • Blood Volume
    • Body Fluid Analysis, Cell Count
    • Bone Densitometry
    • Bone Marrow Examination
    • Bone Marrow Scan
    • Bone Scan
    • Bordetella Pertussis
    • Brain Scan
    • Brain Sonogram
    • Breast Biopsy
    • Breast Sonogram
    • Bronchoscopy
    • Brucellosis Antibody
    • B-type Natriuretic Peptide

    C

    • CA 15-3
    • CA 19-9
    • CA-125
    • Cadmium
    • Calcitonin
    • Calcium
    • Caloric Study
    • Campylobacter Culture
    • Candida Antibody
    • Carbamazepine
    • Carbon Dioxide Content
    • Carboxyhemoglobin
    • Carcinoembryonic Antigen
    • Cardiac Catheterization
    • Cardiac Isoenzymes
    • Cardiac Nuclear Scan
    • Cardiac Output, Thermodilution
    • Cardiac Radiography
    • Cardiolipin Antibodies
    • Carotid Doppler
    • Catecholamines
    • Cathepsin-D
    • Cerebral Angiography
    • Cerebrospinal Fluid Examination
    • Ceruloplasmin
    • Cervical Culture
    • Chest Radiography
    • Chlamydia
    • Chloride
    • Cholangiography
    • Cholecystography
    • Cholesterol
    • Chorionic Villus Sampling
    • Chromosome Analysis
    • Chymex
    • Clostridial Toxin Assay
    • Clostridium Difficile Toxins
    • Coagulation Factors
    • Coccidioidomycosis Skin
    • Cold Agglutinins
    • Colonoscopy
    • Colposcopy
    • Complement, Total
    • Complete Blood Count
    • Comprehensive Metabolic Panel
    • Computed Tomography General Overview
    • Computed Tomography, Abdomen
    • Computed Tomography, Biliary Tract and Liver
    • Computed Tomography, Brain
    • Computed Tomography, Chest
    • Computed Tomography, Pancreas
    • Computed Tomography, Pelvis
    • Computed Tomography, Renal
    • Computed Tomography, Spine
    • Conization of the Cervix
    • Coombs Antiglobulin, Direct
    • Copper
    • Cordocentesis
    • Coronary Ultrasonography
    • Cortisol
    • Coxsackie Virus Antibodies
    • C-Peptide
    • C-Reactive Protein
    • Creatine
    • Creatine Kinase
    • Creatinine
    • Cryofibrinogen
    • Cryoglobulin
    • Cryptococcus Antigen
    • Culdoscopy
    • Cutaneous Immunofluorescence Biopsy
    • Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate
    • Cystography
    • Cystometry
    • Cytologic Examination
    • Cytology, Sputum
    • Cytomegalovirus Antibody

    D

    • D-Dimer Test
    • Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate
    • Delta-Aminolevulinic Acid (ALA)
    • 11–Deoxycortisol
    • Dexamethasone Suppression
    • Digital Subtraction Angiography
    • Digoxin Test
    • Dinitrophenylhydrazine
    • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation Screening
    • DNA Ploidy
    • Doppler Ultrasonography
    • D-Xylose Absorption

    E

    • Echinococcosis Antibody
    • Electrocardiography
    • Electrodiagnostic Study
    • Electroencephalography
    • Electrolyte Panel
    • Electromyography
    • Electroneurography
    • Electronystagmography
    • Electroretinography
    • Endometrial
    • Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography
    • Epstein-Barr Virus Antibodies
    • Erythropoietin
    • Esophageal Acidity Test
    • Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
    • Esophageal Manometry
    • Estriol
    • Estradiol
    • Estrogen
    • Ethanol
    • Euglobulin Lysis Time
    • Exophthalmometry

    F

    • Factor Assays
    • Febrile Agglutinin
    • Ferric Chloride
    • Ferritin
    • Fetal Biophysical Profile
    • Fetal Contraction
    • Fetal Monitoring
    • Fetal Nonstress
    • Fetal Scalp Blood
    • Fetoscopy
    • Fibrin Degradation Products
    • Fibrinogen
    • Fluorescein Angiography
    • Fluoroscopy
    • Folic Acid
    • Follicle-Stimulating Hormone
    • Francisella Tularensis Antibodies
    • Free Fatty Acid
    • Fructosamine
    • Fructose Challenge
    • Fungal Antibody Screen

    G

    • Galactokinase
    • Galactose Loading
    • Gallbladder and Biliary System Sonogram
    • Gallbladder Scan
    • Gallium Scan
    • Gamma-Glutamyl Transpeptidase
    • Gastric Acid Stimulation
    • Gastric Aspirate, Routine
    • Gastric Emptying Scan
    • Gastrin (gastrin stimulation test)
    • Gastroesophageal Reflux Scan
    • Gastroscopy
    • Gliadin Antibodies
    • Glomerular Basement Membrane Antibody
    • Glucagon
    • Glucose, Blood
    • Glucose, Postprandial
    • Glucose, Urine
    • Glucose Tolerance
    • Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase
    • Gram Stain
    • Growth Hormone

    H

    • Ham’s Test
    • Haptoglobin
    • Helicobacter Pylori Antibody
    • Hematocrit
    • Hemoglobin
    • Hemoglobin A1C
    • Hemosiderin
    • Hepatitis B Surface Antigen
    • Hepatitis Panel
    • Hepatobiliary Scan
    • HER-2 NEU Oncogene
    • Herpes Virus
    • Hexosaminidase; Total and Isoenzyme A
    • Histoplasmosis Antibody
    • HIV Antibody
    • Holter Monitoring
    • Homocysteine Test
    • Human Chorionic Gonadotropin
    • Human Leukocyte Antigen
    • Human Papilloma Virus in Situ Hybridization
    • Human Placental Lactogen
    • Human T-Cell Lymphotrophic (HTLV) I/II Antibody
    • Hydroxybutyrate Dehydrogenase
    • 17-Hydroxycorticosteroids
    • 5-Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid
    • 17-Hydroxyprogesterone
    • 5-Hydroxyproline
    • Hydroxyproline, Total
    • Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis Serology
    • Hysterosalpingography
    • Hysteroscopy

    I

    • Immune Complex Assay
    • Immunofixation Electrophoresis
    • Immunoglobulins
    • Indican
    • Influenza A and B Antibodies
    • Insulin
    • Insulin Antibodies
    • Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
    • Intravenous Pyelography
    • Intrinsic Factor Antibody
    • Ionized Calcium
    • Iron

    K

    • Ketone Bodies
    • 17-Ketosteroids
    • Kidney Biopsy
    • Kidney Scan
    • Kidney Stone Analysis
    • Kleihauer-Betke Test

    L

    • Lactate Dehydrogenase
    • Lactic Acid Test
    • Lactose Tolerance
    • Laparoscopy
    • Laryngoscopy
    • Lead
    • Lecithin/Sphingomyelin Ratio
    • Legionella Pneumophila Antibody
    • Leptospira
    • Leucine Aminopeptidase Test
    • Leukocyte Alkaline Phosphatase (LAP) Stain
    • Lipase
    • Lipid-Associated Sialic Acid
    • Lipid Panel
    • Lipoprotein Electrophoresis
    • Lithium
    • Liver Biopsy
    • Liver Scan
    • Lung Biopsy
    • Lung Scan
    • Lupus Analyzer Panel
    • Luteinizing Hormone Assay
    • Lyme Disease
    • Lymphangiography
    • Lymphocyte Immunophenotyping
    • Lymphogranuloma Venereum Titer

    M

    • Magnesium
    • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    • Malaria
    • Mammography
    • Mantoux Skin Test
    • Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin
    • Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration
    • Mean Corpuscular Volume
    • Mean Platelet Volume
    • Meckel’s Diverticulum Nuclear Scan
    • Mediastinoscopy
    • Melanin
    • Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormone
    • Methacholine Challenge
    • Methemoglobin, Hemoglobin M
    • Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
    • Methylmalonic Acid Test
    • Microalbumin/Creatinine Ratio
    • Microfilaria, Peripheral
    • Mitochondrial Antibody Mononucleosis Spot Test
    • Motile Sperm
    • Mucin Clot Test
    • Mucopolysaccharides, Qualitative
    • Mumps Antibody
    • Muramidase
    • Multigated Acquisition Scan
    • Mycoplasma Antibodies
    • Myelogram
    • Myoglobin

    N

    • Neisseria Gonorrhoeae
    • Nephrotomography
    • Nerve Biopsy
    • Nerve Conduction Studies
    • Neutrophil Antibody
    • Nitrite Bacteria Screen
    • Nocardia Culture
    • Nuclear Scans
    • 5′Nucleotidase

    O

    • Obstetric Sonogram
    • Occult Blood
    • Octreotide Scan
    • Ocular Cytology
    • Oculoplethysmograph, Oculopneumoplethysmograph
    • Oligoclonal Banding
    • Oncoscint Scan
    • Ophthalmodynamometry
    • Oral Cavity Cytology
    • Oral Cholecystography
    • Orbital Film
    • Osmolality, Blood
    • Osmolality, Urine
    • Otoscopy
    • Ova and Parasites
    • Oxalate
    • Oximetry

    P

    • Pancreatic Sonogram
    • Papanicolaou Smear, Ultrafast, and Fine-Needle Aspiration
    • Paracentesis
    • Paranasal Sinus Films
    • Parasite Screen
    • Parathyroid Hormone
    • Parathyroid Scan
    • Parotid Gland Scan
    • Partial Thromboplastin Time
    • Parvovirus B19 Antibodies
    • Pelvic Floor Sphincter Electromyography
    • Pelvic Sonogram
    • Pelvimetry
    • Pemphigus Antibodies
    • Penicillin Skin Test
    • Pepsinogen
    • Percutaneous Transhepatic Cholangiography
    • Pericardiocentesis
    • Periodic Acid-Schiff Stain
    • Peripheral Blood Smear
    • Peritoneoscopy
    • pH
    • Phenobarbital
    • Phenylalanine
    • Phenytoin
    • Phonocardiography
    • Phospholipid Antibodies (lipid)
    • Phosphorus
    • Plasminogen
    • Platelet Aggregation
    • Platelet Antibody Detection
    • Platelet Count
    • Plethysmography
    • Pleural Biopsy
    • Pneumocystis Jirovecii by DVA
    • Poliomyelitis Antibodies
    • Porphyrins and Porphobilinogens
    • Positron Emission Tomography
    • Postcoital Test
    • Potassium
    • Potassium Hydroxide Preparation
    • Prealbumin
    • Precipitin
    • Pregnanetriol
    • Progesterone
    • Progesterone Receptor Assay
    • Prolactin
    • Prostate Biopsy
    • Prostate Sonogram
    • Prostate-Specific Antigen
    • Protein, Blood
    • Protein Electrophoresis
    • Prothrombin Consumption Time
    • Prothrombin Time/International Normalized Ratio (INR)
    • Protoporphyrin
    • Pseudocholinesterase
    • Pulmonary Artery Catheterization
    • Pulmonary Function
    • Pulse Volume Recorder Testing of Peripheral Vasculature
    • Pyridoxal 5-Phosphate
    • Pyrodoxic Acid
    • Pyruvate Kinase
    • Pyruvic Acid

    R

    • Rabies Antibody
    • Radiography
    • Raji Cell Assay
    • Rapid Plasma Reagin
    • Raynaud’s Cold Stimulation
    • Rectal Biopsy
    • Rectal Culture, Swab
    • Rectal Motility
    • Red Blood Cell Count
    • Red Blood Cell Enzyme Deficiency Screen
    • Red Cell Mass
    • Red Cell Size, Distribution, Width
    • Reducing Substances, Stool
    • Refraction
    • Renal Angiogram
    • Renal Panel
    • Renin Assay
    • Renin Stimulation Challenge
    • Reptilase Time
    • Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Antibodies IgG and IgM
    • Reticulocyte Count
    • Reticulocyte Production Index
    • Retinoblastoma Chromosome Abnormalities
    • Retinol Binding Protein
    • Retrograde Pyelogram
    • Retroperitoneal Ultrasonography
    • Rh Typing
    • Rheumatoid Factor
    • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
    • Routine Culture and Sensitivity
    • Rotavirus Antigen
    • Rubella Antibody
    • Rubeola Antibody

    S

    • Salmonella
    • Schick Test
    • Schilling Test
    • Schirmer Tearing Eye Test
    • Scleroderma Antibody
    • Scrotal Scan
    • Secretin Stimulation Test for Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome
    • Sedimentation Rate, Erythrocyte
    • Sella Turcica X-ray
    • Semen Analysis
    • Sentinel Node Studies
    • Serum Protein Electrophoresis
    • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Tests
    • Sexually Transmitted Disease Cultures
    • Sialography
    • Sickle Cell Test
    • Sigmoidoscopy
    • Signal-Averaged Electrocardiography
    • Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography
    • Sinus Endoscopy
    • Sinus X-ray
    • Skin Culture
    • Skull Films
    • Sleep Studies
    • Slit-Lamp Biomicroscopy
    • Small-Bowel Series
    • Sodium
    • Specific Gravity
    • Spinal Films
    • Spinal Nerve Root Thermography
    • Spirometry
    • Spleen Scan
    • Spleen Sonogram
    • Splenoportography
    • Spondee Speech Reception Threshold (speech reception threshold; SRT; speech threshold; spondee threshold)
    • Sputum Culture
    • St. Louis Encephalitis
    • Staphylococcus
    • Stereotactic Breast Biopsy
    • Stool Culture
    • Stool for WBC, RBC, Fat
    • Stress Exercise
    • Striational Antibody
    • Sucrose Hemolysis
    • Sudan Black B Stain
    • Sulfhemoglobin
    • Swallowing Examination
    • Sweat Test
    • Synovial Fluid Analysis
    • Syphilis Detection

    T

    • T3 Uptake
    • Tangent Screen
    • Teichoic Acid Antibody
    • Tensilon Test
    • Terminal Deoxynucleotidyl Transferase
    • Testosterone
    • Thallium Scan
    • Theophylline
    • Thermography
    • Thiocyanate
    • Thoracentesis
    • Thoracoscopy Scan
    • Throat Cultures
    • Thrombin Clotting Time
    • Thyroglobulin
    • Thyroid Antibodies
    • Thyroid Biopsy
    • Thyroid Cytomel Suppression
    • Thyroid Function
    • Thyroid/Parathyroid Ultrasonography
    • Thyroid Perchlorate Suppression
    • Thyroid Peroxidase Antibody
    • Thyroid Scan
    • Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone
    • Thyroid-Stimulating Immunoglobulins
    • Thyroxine
    • Thyroxine-Binding Globulin
    • Thyroxine, Free
    • Tilt Table Test
    • Tolbutamide-Binding Globulin
    • Tonometry
    • TORCH
    • Total Iron-Binding Capacity
    • Tourniquet Test
    • Toxicology Screening
    • Toxicology, Volatiles Group by GLC
    • Toxoplasmosis Antibodies
    • Transesophageal Echocardiogram
    • Transferrin
    • Trichinosis
    • Triglycerides
    • Triiodothyronine
    • Troponin T
    • Trypanosomiasis, African
    • Trypanosomiasis, American
    • Trypsin
    • Tryptophan
    • Twenty-Four-Hour Urine

    U

    • Upper Gastrointestinal Series
    • Urea Breath Test
    • Urethral Pressure Profile
    • Urethrography, Retrograde
    • Uric Acid
    • Urinalysis
    • Urine Phosphate
    • Urobilinogen
    • Uroporphyrinogen I Synthase

    V

    • Vaginal/Cervical Wet Mount
    • Vaginal Culture
    • Valproic Acid
    • Vanillylmandelic Acid Test
    • Varicella-Zoster Antibody Titer
    • Vasoactive Intestinal Polypeptide
    • Vectorcardiography
    • Venereal Disease Research Laboratory Test
    • Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus Serology
    • Venography
    • Viral Culture
    • Viscosity
    • Visual Acuity
    • Visual Evoked Response
    • Visual Fields Test Tangent Screen
    • Vitamins B1, B2, and C
    • Vitamins B1, B6, B12, C, D, and E
    • von Willebrand Factor Antigen
    • von Willebrand Factor Assay

    W

    • Water Deprivation
    • Water Loading
    • Weil-Felix Agglutinins
    • Western Equine Encephalitis Virus
    • White Blood Cell Count and Differential Count
    • Wound Culture

    Y

    • Yersinia Enterocolitica

    Z

    • Zinc
    • Zinc Protoporphyrin

List of References

  • List of References

APPENDIX A Abbreviation List

APPENDIX B Venipuncture and Skin Puncture Procedures

APPENDIX C Cancer Tumor Markers and Laboratory Tests Used in the Diagnosis and Monitoring of Malignant Tumors

APPENDIX D Consent Form Sample

APPENDIX E Therapeutic Blood Levels of Selected Drugs

APPENDIX F Blood Sample for Central Line

APPENDIX G Reference Laboratory Values

APPENDIX H Routine Serum Electrolytes

APPENDIX I Selected International Perspectives on Diagnostic Testing

List of Tests by Body System and Function

List of Tests by Type