ATLAS OF HUMAN ANATOMY

Author: Frank Netter, MD
Affiliation:
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Publication Date: 2011
ISBN 10: 1416059512
ISBN 13: 9781416059516
Edition: 5th

Description:

The ultimate anatomy atlas for clinical reference, patient education and personal study is now even better. The standard by which all others are measured, this new edition is indispensable for student and practitioner alike. An updated masterpiece from the world's greatest medical illustrator - accurate, clear and beautifully rendered illustrations by Frank H. Netter, M.D. and Carlos A.G. Machado, M.D.

Table of Contents

Front Matter

  • ABOUT
  • Notice
  • Consulting Editors
  • Acknowledgments
  • Foreword
  • DEDICATION
  • Preface to the First Edition

Section 1 HEAD AND NECK

    Topographic Anatomy

    • Head and Neck

    Superficial Head and Neck

    • Cutaneous Nerves of Head and Neck
    • Superficial Arteries and Veins of Face and Scalp

    Bones and Ligaments

    • Skull: Anterior View
    • Skull: Anteroposterior Radiograph
    • Skull: Lateral View
    • Skull: Lateral Radiograph
    • Skull: Midsagittal Section
    • Calvaria
    • Cranial Base: Inferior View
    • Cranial Base: Superior View
    • Foramina and Canals of Cranial Base: Inferior View
    • Foramina and Canals of Cranial Base: Superior View
    • Skull of Newborn
    • Bony Framework of Head and Neck
    • Pterygoid Fossae: Posterior View
    • Mandible
    • Temporomandibular Joint
    • Cervical Vertebrae: Atlas and Axis
    • Cervical Vertebrae: Uncovertebral Joints
    • External Craniocervical Ligaments
    • Internal Craniocervical Ligaments

    Superficial Face

    • Facial Nerve Branches and Parotid Gland
    • Muscles of Facial Expression: Lateral View

    Neck

    • Muscles of Neck: Lateral View
    • Muscles of Neck: Anterior View
    • Infrahyoid and Suprahyoid Muscles
    • Scalene and Prevertebral Muscles
    • Superficial Veins and Cutaneous Nerves of Neck
    • Nerves and Vessels of Neck
    • Carotid Arteries
    • Fascial Layers of Neck

    Nasal Region

    • Nose
    • Lateral Wall of Nasal Cavity
    • Medial Wall of Nasal Cavity (Nasal Septum)
    • Maxillary Artery
    • Arteries of Nasal Cavity: Nasal Septum Turned Up
    • Nerves of Nasal Cavity: Nasal Septum Turned Up
    • Autonomic Innervation of Nasal Cavity
    • Ophthalmic (V 1 ) and Maxillary (V 2 ) Nerves
    • Mandibular Nerve (V 3 )
    • Orientation of Nerves and Vessels of the Cranial Base
    • Nose and Maxillary Sinus: Transverse Section
    • Paranasal Sinuses
    • Paranasal Sinuses: Changes with Age

    Oral Region

    • Inspection of Oral Cavity
    • Roof of Oral Cavity
    • Floor of Oral Cavity
    • Muscles Involved in Mastication
    • Teeth
    • Tongue
    • Tongue and Salivary Glands: Sections
    • Salivary Glands
    • Afferent Innervation of Oral Cavity and Pharynx

    Pharynx

    • Pharynx: Median Section
    • Fauces
    • Muscles of Pharynx: Sagittal Section
    • Pharynx: Opened Posterior View
    • Muscles of Pharynx: Partially Opened Posterior View
    • Muscles of Pharynx: Lateral View
    • Arteries of Oral and Pharyngeal Regions
    • Veins of Oral and Pharyngeal Regions
    • Nerves of Oral and Pharyngeal Regions
    • Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Head and Neck
    • Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Pharynx and Tongue

    Thyroid Gland and Larynx

    • Thyroid Gland: Anterior View
    • Thyroid Gland and Pharynx: Posterior View
    • Parathyroid Glands
    • Cartilages of Larynx
    • Intrinsic Muscles of Larynx
    • Action of Intrinsic Muscles of Larynx
    • Nerves of Larynx

    Orbit and Contents

    • Eyelids
    • Lacrimal Apparatus
    • Fasciae of Orbit and Eyeball
    • Extrinsic Eye Muscles
    • Arteries and Veins of Orbit and Eyelids
    • Nerves of Orbit
    • Eyeball
    • Anterior and Posterior Chambers of Eye
    • Lens and Supporting Structures
    • Intrinsic Arteries and Veins of Eye
    • Vascular Supply of Eye

    Ear

    • Pathway of Sound Reception
    • External Ear and Tympanic Cavity
    • Tympanic Cavity
    • Bony and Membranous Labyrinths
    • Orientation of Labyrinths in Skull
    • Auditory (Pharnygotympanic, Eustachian) Tube

    Meninges and Brain

    • Meninges and Diploic Veins
    • Meningeal Arteries
    • Meninges and Superficial Cerebral Veins
    • Dural Venous Sinuses
    • Cerebrum: Lateral Views
    • Cerebrum: Medial Views
    • Cerebrum: Inferior View
    • Ventricles of Brain
    • Circulation of Cerebrospinal Fluid
    • Basal Nuclei (Ganglia)
    • Thalamus
    • Hippocampus and Fornix
    • Cerebellum
    • Brainstem
    • Fourth Ventricle and Cerebellum

    Cranial and Cervical Nerves

    • Cranial Nerve Nuclei in Brainstem: Schema
    • Cranial Nerves (Motor and Sensory Distribution): Schema
    • Olfactory Nerve (I): Schema
    • Optic Nerve (II) (Visual Pathway): Schema
    • Oculomotor (III), Trochlear (IV), and Abducent (VI) Nerves: Schema
    • Trigeminal Nerve (V): Schema
    • Facial Nerve (VII): Schema
    • Vestibulocochlear Nerve (VIII): Schema
    • Glosssopharyngeal Nerve (IX): Schema
    • Vagus Nerve (X): Schema
    • Accessory Nerve (XI): Schema
    • Hypoglossal Nerve (XII): Schema
    • Cervical Plexus: Schema
    • Autonomic Nerves in Neck
    • Autonomic Nerves in Head
    • Ciliary Ganglion: Schema
    • Pterygopalatine and Submandibular Ganglia: Schema
    • Otic Ganglion: Schema
    • Taste Pathways: Schema
    • Arteries to Brain and Meninges

    Cerebral Vasculature

    • Arteries to Brain: Schema
    • Arteries of Brain: Inferior Views
    • Cerebral Arterial Circle (of Willis)
    • Arteries of Brain: Frontal View and Section
    • Arteries of Brain: Lateral and Medial Views
    • Arteries of Posterior Cranial Fossa
    • Veins of Posterior Cranial Fossa
    • Deep Veins of Brain
    • Subependymal Veins of Brain
    • Hypothalamus and Hypophysis
    • Arteries and Veins of Hypothalmus and Hypophysis

    Regional Scans

    • Cranial Imaging (MRV and MRA)
    • Cranial Imaging (MRI)

Section 2 BACK AND SPINAL CORD

    Topographic Anatomy

    • Back

    Bones and Ligaments

    • Vertebral Column
    • Thoracic Vertebrae
    • Lumbar Vertebrae
    • Lumbar Vertebrae: Radiographs
    • Sacrum and Coccyx
    • Vertebral Ligaments: Lumbosacral Region
    • Vertebral Ligaments: Lumbar Region

    Spinal Cord

    • Spinal Cord and Ventral Rami in Situ
    • Relation of Spinal Nerve Roots to Vertebrae
    • Dermatomes
    • Sympathetic Nervous System: Schema
    • Parasympathetic Nervous System: Schema
    • Spinal Membranes and Nerve Roots
    • Spinal Nerve Origin: Cross Sections
    • Arteries of Spinal Cord: Schema
    • Arteries of Spinal Cord: Intrinsic Distribution
    • Veins of Spinal Cord and Vertebral Column
    • Veins of the Vertebral Column: Vertebral Veins

    Muscles and Nerves

    • Muscles of Back: Superficial Layers
    • Muscles of Back: Intermediate Layers
    • Muscles of Back: Deep Layers
    • Nerves of Back
    • Suboccipital Triangle

    Cross-sectional Anatomy

    • Lumbar Region of Back: Cross Section
    • Typical Thoracic Spinal Nerve

Section 3 THORAX

    Topographic Anatomy

    • Thorax

    Mammary Gland

    • Mammary Gland
    • Arteries of Mammary Gland
    • Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Mammary Gland

    Body Wall

    • Bony Framework of Thorax
    • Ribs and Sternocostal Joints
    • Costovertebral Joints
    • Anterior Thoracic Wall
    • Anterior Thoracic Wall: Internal View
    • Intercostal Nerves and Arteries
    • Veins of the Internal Thoracic Wall
    • Phrenic Nerve
    • Diaphragm: Thoracic Surface
    • Diaphragm: Abdominal Surface

    Lungs

    • Topography of Lungs: Anterior View
    • Topography of Lungs: Posterior View
    • Lungs in Situ: Anterior View
    • Lungs: Medial Views
    • Bronchopulmonary Segments
    • Trachea and Major Bronchi
    • Nomenclature of Bronchi: Schema
    • Intrapulmonary Airways: Schema
    • Intrapulmonary Blood Circulation: Schema
    • Great Vessels of Superior Mediastinum
    • Bronchial Arteries and Veins
    • Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Lung
    • Autonomic Nerves in Thorax
    • Innervation of Tracheobronchial Tree: Schema

    Heart

    • Heart in Situ
    • Heart: Anterior Exposure
    • Radiograph of Chest
    • Heart: Base and Diaphragmatic Surface
    • Pericardial Sac
    • Mediastinum: Cross Section
    • Coronary Arteries and Cardiac Veins
    • Coronary Arteries: Arteriographic Views
    • Right Atrium and Ventricle
    • Left Atrium and Ventricle
    • Valves and Fibrous Skeleton of Heart
    • Atria, Ventricles, and Interventricular Septum
    • Conducting System of Heart
    • Nerves of Heart
    • Innervation of Heart: Schema
    • Innervation of Blood Vessels: Schema
    • Prenatal and Postnatal Circulation

    Mediastinum

    • Mediastinum: Right Lateral View
    • Mediastinum: Left Lateral View
    • Esophagus in Situ
    • Topography and Constrictions of Esophagus
    • Musculature of Esophagus
    • Pharyngoesophageal Junction
    • Esophagogastic Junction
    • Arteries of Esophagus
    • Veins of Esophagus
    • Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Esophagus
    • Nerves of Esophagus

    Regional Scans

    • Chest Scans: Axial CT Images

    Cross-sectional Anatomy

    • Cross Section of Thorax at T3 Level
    • Cross Section of Thorax at T3-4 Disc Level
    • Cross Section of Thorax at T4-5 Disc Level
    • Cross Section of Thorax at T7 Level

Section 4 ABDOMEN

    Topographic Anatomy

    • Abdomen

    Body Wall

    • Bony Framework of Abdomen
    • Regions and Planes of Abdomen
    • Anterior Abdominal Wall: Superficial Dissection
    • Anterior Abdominal Wall: Intermediate Dissection
    • Anterior Abdominal Wall: Deep Dissection
    • Rectus Sheath: Cross Section
    • Anterior Abdominal Wall: Internal View
    • Posterolateral Abdominal Wall
    • Arteries of Anterior Abdominal Wall
    • Veins of Anterior Abdominal Wall
    • Nerves of Anterior Abdominal Wall
    • Thoracoabdominal Nerves
    • Inguinal Region: Dissections
    • Inguinal Canal and Spermatic Cord
    • Femoral Sheath and Inguinal Canal
    • Posterior Abdominal Wall: Internal View
    • Arteries of Posterior Abdominal Wall
    • Veins of Posterior Abdominal Wall
    • Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Posterior Abdominal Wall
    • Nerves of Posterior Abdominal Wall

    Peritoneal Cavity

    • Greater Omentum and Abdominal Viscera
    • Mesenteric Relations of Intestines
    • Omental Bursa: Stomach Reflected
    • Omental Bursa: Cross Section
    • Peritoneum of Posterior Abdominal Wall

    Viscera (Gut)

    • Stomach in Situ
    • Mucosa of Stomach
    • Musculature of Stomach
    • Duodenum in Situ
    • Mucosa and Musculature of Duodenum
    • Mucosa and Musculature of Small Intestine
    • Ileocecal Region
    • (Vermiform) Appendix
    • Mucosa and Musculature of Large Intestine

    Viscera (Accessory Organs)

    • Surfaces and Bed of Liver
    • Liver in Situ: Vascular and Duct Systems
    • Liver Structure: Schema
    • Gallbladder, Extrahepatic Bile Ducts, and Pancreatic Duct
    • Pancreas in Situ
    • Spleen

    Visceral Vasculature

    • Arteries of Stomach, Liver, and Spleen
    • Arteries of Liver, Pancreas, Duodenum, and Spleen
    • Celiac Arteriogram
    • Arteries of Duodenum and Head of Pancreas
    • Arteries of Small Intestine
    • Arteries of Large Intestine
    • Veins of Stomach, Duodenum, Pancreas, and Spleen
    • Veins of Small Intestine
    • Veins of Large Intestine
    • Hepatic Portal Vein Tributaries: Portacaval Anastomoses
    • Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Stomach
    • Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Pancreas
    • Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Small Intestine
    • Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Large Intestine

    Innervation

    • Autonomic Nerves and Ganglia of Abdomen
    • Autonomic Innervation of Stomach and Duodenum
    • Autonomic Innervation of Stomach and Duodenum: Schema
    • Autonomic Innervation of Small Intestine
    • Autonomic Innervation of Large Intestine
    • Autonomic Innervation of Small and Large Intestines: Schema
    • Autonomic Innervation of Small and Large Intestines: Schema
    • Autonomic Ref ex Pathways: Schema
    • Intrinsic Autonomic Plexuses of Intestine: Schema
    • Autonomic Innervation of Liver and Biliary Tract: Schema
    • Autonomic Innervation of Pancreas: Schema

    Kidneys and Suprarenal Glands

    • Kidneys in Situ: Anterior Views
    • Kidneys in Situ: Posterior Views
    • Renal Artery and Vein in Situ
    • Gross Structure of Kidney
    • Intrarenal Arteries and Renal Segments
    • Nephron and Collecting Tubule: Schema
    • Blood Vessels in Parenchyma of Kidney: Schema
    • Ureters in the Abdomen and Pelvis
    • Arteries of Ureters and Urinary Bladder
    • Renal Fasciae
    • Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Kidneys and Urinary Bladder
    • Autonomic Nerves of Kidneys, Ureters, and Urinary Bladder
    • Autonomic Innervation of Kidneys and Upper Ureters: Schema
    • Autonomic Nerves of Suprarenal Glands: Dissection and Schema
    • Arteries and Veins of Suprarenal Glands in Situ

    Cross-sectional Anatomy

    • Abdominal Wall and Viscera: Paramedian (Parasagittal) Section
    • Abdominal Scans: Axial CT Images
    • Schematic Cross Section of Abdomen at T10
    • Schematic Cross Section of Abdomen at Upper T12
    • Schematic Cross Section of Abdomen at Middle T12
    • Schematic Cross Section of Abdomen at T12-L1
    • Schematic Cross Section of Abdomen at L1-L2
    • Schematic Cross Section of Abdomen at L3, 4

Section 5 PELVIS AND PERINEUM

    Topographic Anatomy

    • Pelvis and Perineum

    Bones and Ligaments

    • Bony Framework of Pelvis
    • Radiographs of Male and Female Pelvis
    • Sex Differences of Pelvis: Measurements
    • Bones and Ligaments of Pelvis

    Pelvic Floor and Contents

    • Pelvic Diaphragm: Female
    • Pelvic Diaphragm: Male
    • Pelvic Viscera and Perineum: Female
    • Pelvic Contents: Female
    • Pelvic Viscera: Female
    • Endopelvic Fascia and Potential Spaces
    • Pelvic Viscera and Perineum: Male
    • Pelvic Contents: Male

    Urinary Bladder

    • Urinary Bladder: Orientation and Supports
    • Sphincters
    • Urinary Bladder: Female and Male
    • Male and Female Cystourethrograms

    Uterus, Vagina, and Supporting Structures

    • Uterus, Vagina, and Supporting Structures
    • Uterus: Fascial Ligaments
    • Pelvic Ligaments
    • Uterus and Adnexa

    Perineum and External Genitalia: Female

    • Female Perineum and External Genitalia (Pudendum or Vulva)
    • Female Perineum (Superficial Dissection)
    • Female Perineum and Deep Perineum
    • Female Perineal Spaces

    Perineum and External Genitalia: Male

    • Male Perineum and External Genitalia (Superficial Dissection)
    • Male Perineum and External Genitalia (Deeper Dissection)
    • Penis
    • Male Perineal Spaces
    • Prostate and Seminal Vesicles
    • Urethra
    • Descent of Testis
    • Scrotum and Contents

    Homologues of Genitalia

    • Homologues of External Genitalia
    • Homologues of Internal Genitalia

    Testis, Epididymis, and Ductus Deferens

    • Testis, Epididymis, and Ductus Deferens

    Rectum

    • Rectum in Situ: Female and Male
    • Ischioanal Fossae
    • Rectum and Anal Canal
    • Anorectal Musculature
    • External Anal Sphincter Muscle: Perineal Views
    • Actual and Potential Perineopelvic Spaces

    Regional Scans

    • Pelvic Scans: Sagittal MR Images

    Vasculature

    • Arteries of Rectum and Anal Canal: Male
    • Veins of Rectum and Anal Canal: Female
    • Arteries and Veins of Pelvic Organs: Female
    • Arteries and Veins of Testis
    • Arteries and Veins of Pelvis: Female
    • Arteries and Veins of Pelvis: Male
    • Arteries and Veins of Perineum and Uterus
    • Arteries and Veins of Perineum: Male
    • Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Pelvis and Genitalia: Female
    • Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Perineum: Female
    • Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Pelvis and Genitalia: Male

    Innervation

    • Nerves of External Genitalia: Male
    • Nerves of Pelvic Viscera: Male
    • Nerves of Perineum: Male
    • Nerves of Pelvic Viscera: Female
    • Nerves of Perineum and External Genitalia: Female)
    • Neuropathways in Parturition
    • Innervation of Female Reproductive Organs: Schema
    • Innervation of Male Reproductive Organs: Schema
    • Innervation of Urinary Bladder and Lower Ureter: Schema

    Cross-sectional Anatomy

    • Male Pelvis: Bladder-Prostate Junction
    • Female Pelvis: Vagina-Urethra

Section 6 UPPER LIMB

    Topographic Anatomy

    • Upper Limb

    Cutaneous Anatomy

    • Dermatomes of Upper Limb
    • Cutaneous Innervation of Upper Limb
    • Cutaneous Nerves and Superficial Veins of Shoulder and Arm
    • Cutaneous Nerves and Superficial Veins of Forearm
    • Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Upper Limb

    Shoulder and Axilla

    • Clavicle and Sternoclavicular Joint
    • Humerus and Scapula: Anterior Views
    • Humerus and Scapula: Posterior View
    • Shoulder: Anteroposterior Radiograph
    • Shoulder (Glenohumeral Joint)
    • Muscles of Shoulder
    • Axilla: Posterior Wall and Cord
    • Muscles of Rotator Cuff
    • Scapulothoracic and Scapulohumeral Dissection
    • Axillary Artery and Anastomoses around Scapula
    • Pectoral, Clavipectoral, and Axillary Fasciae
    • Axilla (Dissection): Anterior View
    • Brachial Plexus: Schema

    Arm

    • Muscles of Arm: Anterior Views
    • Muscles of Arm: Posterior Views
    • Brachial Artery in Situ
    • Brachial Artery and Anastomoses around Elbow
    • Arm: Serial Cross Sections

    Elbow and Forearm

    • Bones of Elbow
    • Elbow: Radiographs
    • Ligaments of Elbow
    • Bones of Forearm
    • Individual Muscles of Forearm: Rotators of Radius
    • Individual Muscles of Forearm: Extensors of Wrist and Digits
    • Individual Muscles of Forearm: Flexors of Wrist
    • Individual Muscles of Forearm: Flexors of Digits
    • Muscles of Forearm (Superficial Layer): Posterior View
    • Muscles of Forearm (Deep Layer): Posterior View
    • Muscles of Forearm (Superficial Layer): Anterior View
    • Muscles of Forearm (Intermediate Layer): Anterior View
    • Muscles of Forearm (Deep Layer): Anterior View
    • Forearm: Serial Cross Sections
    • Attachments of Muscles of Forearm: Anterior View
    • Attachments of Muscles of Forearm: Posterior View

    Wrist and Hand

    • Carpal Bones
    • Movements of Wrist
    • Ligaments of Wrist
    • Bones of Wrist and Hand
    • Wrist and Hand: Radiographs
    • Metacarpophalangeal and Interphalangeal Ligaments
    • Wrist and Hand: Superficial Palmar Dissections
    • Wrist and Hand: Deeper Palmar Dissections
    • Flexor Tendons, Arteries, and Nerves at Wrist
    • Bursae, Spaces, and Tendon Sheaths of Hand
    • Lumbrical Muscles and Bursae, Spaces, and Sheaths: Schema
    • Flexor and Extensor Tendons in Fingers
    • Intrinsic Muscles of Hand
    • Arteries and Nerves of Hand: Palmar Views
    • Wrist and Hand: Superficial Radial Dissection
    • Wrist and Hand: Superficial Dorsal Dissection
    • Wrist and Hand: Deep Dorsal Dissection
    • Extensor Tendons at Wrist
    • Fingers

    Neurovasculature

    • Cutaneous Innervation of Wrist and Hand
    • Arteries and Nerves of Upper Limb
    • Musculocutaneous Nerve
    • Median Nerve
    • Ulnar Nerve
    • Radial Nerve in Arm and Nerves of Posterior Shoulder
    • Radial Nerve in Forearm
    • Nerves of Upper Limb

    Regional Scans

    • Shoulder Arthrogram, MRI, and CT

Section 7 LOWER LIMB

    Topographic Anatomy

    • Lower Limb

    Cutaneous Anatomy

    • Dermatomes of Lower Limb
    • Superficial Nerves and Veins of Lower Limb: Anterior View
    • Superficial Nerves and Veins of Lower Limb: Posterior View
    • Lymph Vessels and Nodes of Lower Limb

    Hip and Thigh

    • Hip (Coxal) Bone
    • Hip Joint
    • Hip Joint: Anteroposterior Radiograph
    • Femur
    • Bony Attachments of Muscles of Hip and Thigh: Anterior View
    • Bony Attachments of Muscles of Hip and Thigh: Posterior View
    • Muscles of Thigh: Anterior Views
    • Muscles of Hip and Thigh: Lateral View
    • Muscles of Hip and Thigh: Posterior Views
    • Psoas and Iliacus Muscles
    • Lumbosacral and Coccygeal Plexuses
    • Lumbar Plexus
    • Sacral and Coccygeal Plexuses
    • Arteries and Nerves of Thigh: Anterior Views
    • Arteries and Nerves of Thigh: Posterior View
    • Nerves of Hip and Buttock
    • Arteries of Femoral Head and Neck
    • Thigh: Serial Cross Sections

    Knee

    • Knee: Medial and Lateral Views
    • Knee: Anterior Views
    • Knee: Interior
    • Knee: Cruciate and Collateral Ligaments
    • Knee: Anteroposterior Radiograph
    • Knee: Posterior and Sagittal Views
    • Arteries of Thigh and Knee: Schema

    Leg

    • Tibia and Fibula
    • Attachments of Muscles of Leg
    • Muscles of Leg (Superficial Dissection): Posterior View
    • Muscles of Leg (Intermediate Dissection): Posterior View
    • Muscles of Leg (Deep Dissection): Posterior View
    • Muscles of Leg (Superficial Dissection): Anterior View
    • Muscles of Leg (Deep Dissection): Anterior View
    • Muscles of Leg: Lateral View
    • Leg: Cross Sections and Fascial Compartments

    Ankle and Foot

    • Bones of Foot
    • Calcaneus
    • Ankle: Radiographs
    • Ligaments and Tendons of Ankle
    • Ligaments and Tendons of Foot: Plantar View
    • Tendon Sheaths of Ankle
    • Muscles of Dorsum of Foot: Superficial Dissection
    • Dorsum of Foot: Deep Dissection
    • Sole of Foot: Superficial Dissection
    • Muscles of Sole of Foot: First Layer
    • Muscles of Sole of Foot: Second Layer
    • Muscles of Sole of Foot: Third Layer
    • Interosseous Muscles and Deep Arteries of Foot
    • Interosseous Muscles of Foot

    Neurovasculature

    • Femoral Nerve and Lateral Cutaneous Nerve of Thigh
    • Obturator Nerve
    • Sciatic Nerve and Posterior Cutaneous Nerve of Thigh
    • Tibial Nerve
    • Common Fibular (Peroneal) Nerve

    Regional Scans

    • Hip Radiograph, Arthrogram, and MR

Section 8 CROSS-SECTIONAL ANATOMY

    Cross-sectional Anatomy

    • Key Figures for Cross Sections

References