ETHICS OF HEALTH CARE A GUIDE FOR CLINICAL PRACTICE

Author: Raymond Edge, EdD, RRT, John Groves, PhD
Affiliation: Maryville University; St. Louis, MO
Publisher: Delmar Cengage Learning
Publication Date: 2006
ISBN 10: 1401861830
ISBN 13: 9781401861834
Edition: 3rd

Description:

Ethics of Health Care: A Guide for Clinical Practice, 3E is designed to guide health care students and practitioners through a wide variety of areas involving ethical controversies. It provides a background in value development and ethical theories, including numerous real-life examples to stimulate discussion and thought.

Table of Contents

Front Matter

  • ABOUT
  • Notice to the Reader
  • DEDICATION
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments

Introduction

  • GOAL
  • OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • CONCLUSION
  • KEY CONCEPTS
  • REVIEW EXERCISES

Human Value Development

  • GOAL
  • OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • NEEDS AND VALUES
  • VALUE DEVELOPMENT
  • CONCLUSION
  • KEY CONCEPTS
  • REVIEW EXERCISES

Decision Making in Value Issues

  • GOAL
  • OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • VALUE CONFRONTATIONS
  • TELEOLOGICAL (CONSEQUENCE-ORIENTED) THEORIES
  • DEONTOLOGICAL (DUTY-ORIENTED) THEORIES
  • VIRTUE ETHICS
  • DIVINE COMMAND ETHICS
  • CONCLUSION
  • KEY CONCEPTS
  • REVIEW EXERCISES

Basic Principles of Health Care Ethics

  • GOAL
  • OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • APPLIED ETHICS
  • UNIVERSAL PRINCIPLES OF BIOMEDICAL ETHICS
  • CONCLUSION
  • KEY CONCEPTS
  • REVIEW EXERCISES

The Nature of Rights in Ethical Discourse

  • GOAL
  • OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • THE NATURE OF RIGHTS
  • HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF RIGHTS REASONING
  • CONTRACTARIAN AND CONSEQUENTIALIST RIGHTS THEORY
  • FAIR OPPORTUNITY RULE
  • LEGAL RIGHTS
  • MORAL AND LEGAL RIGHTS
  • THE PROBLEM OF RIGHTS
  • CONCLUSION
  • KEY CONCEPTS
  • REVIEW EXERCISES

Confidentiality and the Management of Health Care Information

  • GOAL
  • OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • CONFIDENTIALITY: A PRINCIPLE WITH QUALIFICATIONS
  • LEGITIMATE INTEREST
  • MODERN HEALTH CARE AND CONFIDENTIALITY
  • LEGAL PERSPECTIVE TO MEDICAL RECORD ACCESS
  • HIPAA LEGISLATION
  • HUMAN SUBJECT RESEARCH
  • INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS
  • CONCLUSION
  • KEY CONCEPTS
  • REVIEW EXERCISES

Professional Gatekeeping as a Function of Role Fidelity

  • GOAL
  • OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • PROFESSIONAL CODES OF ETHICS
  • DISPARAGEMENT OF PROFESSIONAL COLLEAGUES
  • GAMING THE SYSTEM
  • CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
  • SEXUAL MISCONDUCT IN HEALTH CARE PRACTICE
  • WHISTLE-BLOWING
  • INSTITUTIONAL ETHICS COMMITTEE
  • CONCLUSION
  • KEY CONCEPTS
  • REVIEW EXERCISES

Autonomy vs. Paternalism: A Contest Between Virtues

  • GOAL
  • OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • VALUE PREFERENCE AS THE BASIS OF HEALTH CARE DECISIONS
  • PROVIDER-PATIENT RELATIONSHIP
  • INFORMED CONSENT
  • STANDARDS OF DISCLOSURE
  • COMPETENCY DETERMINATION
  • INFORMED DEMAND FOR FUTILE TREATMENT
  • AUTONOMY RECONSIDERED
  • CONCLUSION
  • KEY CONCEPTS
  • REVIEW EXERCISES

Justice and the Allocation of Scarce Resources

  • GOAL
  • OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • HEALTH CARE IN THE UNITED STATES
  • HEALTH CARE CRISIS
  • GOVERNMENT INVOLVEMENT
  • MICRO AND MACRO ALLOCATION OF HEALTH CARE
  • FORMAL AND MATERIAL JUSTICE
  • THEORIES OF JUSTICE
  • MANAGED CARE
  • TWO-TIER SYSTEM AND THE DECENT MINIMUM
  • LIFEBOAT ETHICS
  • CONCLUSION
  • KEY CONCEPTS
  • REVIEW EXERCISES

Withholding and Withdrawing Life Support

  • GOAL
  • OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • BIOLOGICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL LIFE
  • REDEFINING THE CONCEPT OF LIFE
  • BRAIN DEATH
  • PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATES
  • ORDINARY AND EXTRAORDINARY CARE
  • PERSONHOOD
  • ADVANCED DIRECTIVES
  • PROXY DECISION-MAKING STANDARDS
  • INFORMED NONCONSENT
  • DNR ORDERS (DO NOT RESUSCITATE)
  • BABY DOE
  • THE BORN ALIVE INFANT PROTECTION ACT
  • ORGAN DONATION
  • CONCLUSION
  • KEY CONCEPTS
  • REVIEW EXERCISES

Euthanasia: Practice and Principles

  • GOAL
  • OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • LEGAL AND SOCIAL STANDING OF EUTHANASIA
  • MERCY KILLING
  • ARGUMENTS FOR AND AGAINST EUTHANASIA
  • THE HOSPICE ALTERNATIVE
  • CONCLUSION
  • KEY CONCEPTS
  • REVIEW EXERCISES

Reproductive Issues

  • GOAL
  • OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • THE ABORTION ISSUE
  • THE LEGAL DEBATE
  • THE MORAL ISSUES
  • POLITICAL TACTICS: CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE AT THE CLINIC
  • TRADITIONALISM VS. MODERNISM
  • ABORTION AND THE FREEDOM OF RELIGION
  • THE ENVIRONMENTAL PERSPECTIVE
  • THE FAMILY PLANNING PERSPECTIVE
  • IN VITRO FERTILIZATION
  • SURROGACY
  • CONCLUSION
  • KEY CONCEPTS
  • REVIEW EXERCISES

AIDS and Health Care Practice

  • GOAL
  • OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • ETHICAL ISSUES OF AIDS
  • INFECTION CONTROL METHODS
  • OCCUPATIONAL RISK
  • ETHICAL ISSUES AND THE AIDS EPIDEMIC
  • DUTY TO TREAT
  • CONFIDENTIALITY IN AN AGE OF AIDS
  • MANDATORY TESTING
  • THE INFECTED HEALTH WORKER
  • EXPERIMENTAL TREATMENT
  • GLOBAL EPIDEMIC
  • CONCLUSION
  • KEY CONCEPTS
  • REVIEW EXERCISES

Ethical Issues and Genetic Manipulation

  • GOAL
  • OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • THE HUMAN GENOME PROJECT AND MEDICAL PROGRESS
  • GENETICS AS SOCIAL POLICY
  • GENETIC ENGINEERING
  • GENETIC TESTING
  • THE ROLE OF PARENTS
  • THE POLITICS OF SCREENING
  • RECOMBINANT DNA RESEARCH
  • GENETIC PHARMACY
  • GENE THERAPY
  • THE GENETIC CAUSES OF BEHAVIOR
  • CLONING
  • POSTHUMANISM
  • CONCLUSION
  • KEY CONCEPTS
  • REVIEW EXERCISES

Culturally Appropriate Health Care

  • GOAL
  • OBJECTIVES
  • KEY TERMS
  • THE E PLURIBUS IMPERATIVE
  • TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE
  • EASTERN AND WESTERN TRADITIONAL PRINCIPLES
  • REVOLUTIONARY SOCIALISM AND CHINESE HEALTH CARE
  • FISCAL REFORM AND CHINESE HEALTH CARE
  • INDIAN MEDICAL ETHICS
  • MUSLIM PATIENTS
  • CONCLUSION
  • KEY CONCEPTS
  • REVIEW EXERCISES
  • BIBLIOGRAPHY

APPENDIX Codes of Professional Ethics: Selected Health Professions

Glossary