DAVIS'S DRUG GUIDE FOR NURSES This title has been archived.

Author: Judith Deglin, PharmD, April Vallerand, PhD, RN, FAAN, Cynthia Sanoski, BS, PharmD, FCCP, BCPS
Affiliation: Hospice of Southern Connecticut; Uncasville, CT
Publisher: F.A. Davis Company
Publication Date: 2011
ISBN 10: 0803623089
ISBN 13: 9780803623088
Edition: 12th

Description:

Safety 1st The information nurses need.when, where, and how they need it!Today's most comprehensive nursing drug guide emphasizes safety 1st!Davis's Drug Guide for Nurses, Twelfth Edition always puts safety first.emphasizing the information nurses need to know to administer medications competently and safely.across the lifespan. Well-organized monographs for hundreds of generic and thousands of trade name drugs reflect the latest FDA approvals and changes.

Table of Contents

Front Matter

  • ABOUT
  • DEDICATION
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • CONSULTANTS
  • F. A. DAVIS PHARMACOLOGIC PUBLICATIONS ADVISORY BOARD
  • Measurement Conversion Table

HOW TO USE DAVIS’S DRUG GUIDE FOR NURSES

  • Safe Medication Use Articles
  • Classifications Profile
  • Medication Safety Tools
  • Drug Monographs

EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE AND PHARMACOTHERAPEUTICS: Implications for Nurses

  • Evidence-Based Practice and Its Importance in Pharmacology
  • REFERENCES

PHARMACOGENOMICS

  • Introduction
  • Genetic Variation within the Human Genome
  • Clinical Significance of Genetic Polymorphisms
  • Incorporating Pharmacogenomic Information into Clinical Practice
  • Pertinent Resources:

MEDICATION ERRORS: Improving Practices and Patient Safety

  • High Alert Medications
  • Causes of Medication Errors
  • Prevention Strategies
  • REFERENCES

DETECTING AND MANAGING ADVERSE DRUG REACTIONS

  • Types of ADRs
  • Recognizing an ADR
  • Prevention
  • Food and Drug Administration MedWatch Program
  • REFERENCES

OVERVIEW OF RISK EVALUATION AND MITIGATION SYSTEMS (REMS)

    SPECIAL DOSING CONSIDERATIONS

    • The Pediatric Patient
    • The Geriatric Patient
    • The Patient of Reproductive Age
    • Renal Disease
    • Liver Disease
    • Heart Failure
    • Body Size
    • Drug Interactions

    EDUCATING PATIENTS ABOUT SAFE MEDICATION USE

      CLASSIFICATIONS

      • ANTI-ALZHEIMER’S AGENTS
      • ANTIANEMICS
      • ANTIANGINALS
      • ANTIANXIETY AGENTS
      • ANTIARRHYTHMICS
      • ANTIASTHMATICS
      • ANTICHOLINERGICS
      • ANTICOAGULANTS
      • ANTICONVULSANTS
      • ANTIDEPRESSANTS
      • ANTIDIABETICS
      • ANTIDIARRHEALS
      • ANTIEMETICS
      • ANTIFUNGALS
      • ANTIHISTAMINES
      • ANTIHYPERTENSIVES
      • ANTI-INFECTIVES
      • ANTINEOPLASTICS
      • ANTIPARKINSON AGENTS
      • ANTIPLATELET AGENTS
      • ANTIPSYCHOTICS
      • ANTIPYRETICS
      • ANTIRETROVIRALS
      • ANTIRHEUMATICS
      • ANTITUBERCULARS
      • ANTIULCER AGENTS
      • ANTIVIRALS
      • BETA BLOCKERS
      • BONE RESORPTION INHIBITORS
      • BRONCHODILATORS
      • CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS
      • CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM STIMULANTS
      • CORTICOSTEROIDS
      • DIURETICS
      • HORMONES
      • IMMUNOSUPPRESSANTS
      • LAXATIVES
      • LIPID-LOWERING AGENTS
      • MINERALS/ELECTROLYTES/pH MODIFIERS
      • NATURAL/HERBAL PRODUCTS
      • NONOPIOID ANALGESICS
      • NONSTEROIDAL ANTI-INFLAMMATORY AGENTS
      • OPIOID ANALGESICS
      • SEDATIVE/HYPNOTICS
      • SKELETAL MUSCLE RELAXANTS
      • THROMBOLYTICS
      • VACCINES/IMMUNIZING AGENTS
      • VASCULAR HEADACHE SUPPRESSANTS
      • VITAMINS
      • WEIGHT CONTROL AGENTS

      A

      • abacavir (ah-back-ah-veer)
      • acarbose (aye-kar-bose)
      • acetaminophen (a-seet-a-min-oh-fen)
      • acetaZOLAMIDE (a-seet-a-zole-a-mide)
      • acetylcysteine (a-se-teel-sis-teen)
      • acyclovir (ay-sye-kloe-veer)
      • adalimumab (a-da-li-mu-mab)
      • adenosine (a-den-oh-seen)
      • albumin (human) (al-byoo-min)
      • albuterol (al-byoo-ter-ole)
      • alclometasone
      • alemtuzumab (a-lem-too-zoo-mab)
      • alendronate (a-len-drone-ate)
      • alfuzosin (al-fyoo-zo-sin)
      • aliskiren (a-lis-ki-ren)
      • allopurinol (al-oh-pure-i-nole)
      • almotriptan (al-moe-trip-tan)
      • alprazolam (al-pray-zoe-lam)
      • alteplase
      • aluminum hydroxide
      • amcinonide
      • amifostine (a-mi-fos-teen)
      • amikacin
      • amiloride
      • aminocaproic acid (a-mee-noe-ka-pro-ik)
      • AMINOGLYCOSIDES
      • aminophylline
      • amiodarone (am-ee-oh-da-rone)
      • amitriptyline (a-mee-trip-ti-leen)
      • amlodipine (am-loe-di-peen)
      • amoxicillin (a-mox-i-sil-in)
      • amoxicillin/clavulanate (a-mox-i-sill-in/klav-yoo-lan-ate)
      • amphetamine mixtures (am-fet-a-meen)
      • amphotericin B deoxycholate (am-foe-ter-i-sin)
      • ampicillin (am-pi-sil-in)
      • ampicillin/sulbactam (am-pi-sil-in/sul-bak-tam)
      • anakinra (a-na-kin-ra)
      • anastrozole (a-nass-troe-zole)
      • ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME (ACE) INHIBITORS
      • ANGIOTENSIN II RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS
      • anidulafungin (a-ni-du-la-fun-gin)
      • ANTIFUNGALS (TOPICAL)
      • ANTIFUNGALS (VAGINAL)
      • aprepitant (a-prep-i-tant)
      • argatroban (ar-gat-tro-ban)
      • aripiprazole (a-ri-pip-ra-zole)
      • asenapine (a-sen-a-peen)
      • asparaginase (a-spare-a-ji-nase)
      • aspirin
      • atazanavir (a-ta-zan-a-veer)
      • atenolol (a-ten-oh-lole)
      • atomoxetine (a-to-mox-e-teen)
      • atorvastatin
      • atovaquone (a-toe-va-kwone)
      • atropine (at-ro-peen)
      • azacitidine (a-za-sye-ti-deen)
      • azathioprine (ay-za-thye-oh-preen)
      • azithromycin (aye-zith-roe-mye-sin)

      B

      • baclofen (bak-loe-fen)
      • basiliximab (ba-sil-ix-i-mab)
      • becaplermin (be-kap-lerm-in)
      • beclomethasone
      • beclomethasone
      • benazepril
      • bendamustine (ben-da-muss-teen)
      • benzathine penicillin G
      • benztropine (benz-troe-peen)
      • betamethasone
      • betamethasone
      • bevacizumab (be-va-kiz-oo-mab)
      • bicalutamide (bye-ka-loot-a-mide)
      • bimatoprost (lash, ophthalmic) (bi-mat-o-prost)
      • bisacodyl (bis-a-koe-dill)
      • bismuth subsalicylate (biz-muth sub-sa-lis-i-late)
      • bisoprolol (bis-oh-proe-lol)
      • bivalirudin (bi-val-i-roo-din)
      • bleomycin (blee-oh-mye-sin)
      • bortezomib (bor-tez-o-mib)
      • BRONCHODILATORS (XANTHINES)
      • budesonide
      • budesonide
      • budesonide
      • bumetanide (byoo-met-a-nide)
      • bupivacaine
      • buprenorphine (byoo-pre-nor-feen)
      • buPROPion (byoo-proe-pee-on)
      • busPIRone (byoo-spye-rone)
      • busulfan (byoo-sul-fan)
      • BUTALBITAL COMPOUND
      • butenafine,
      • butoconazole,
      • butorphanol (byoo-tor-fa-nole)

      C

      • cabergoline (ka-ber-goe-leen)
      • caffeine citrate (ka-feen si-trate)
      • CALCITONIN
      • calcitriol
      • CALCIUM SALTS
      • candesartan
      • capecitabine (kap-pe-site-a-been)
      • capsaicin (kap-say-sin)
      • captopril
      • carbamazepine (kar-ba-maz-e-peen)
      • carbidopa/levodopa (kar-bi-doe-pa/lee -voe-doe-pa) Parcopa, Sinemet, Sinemet CR
      • carbonyl iron
      • carboplatin (kar-boe-pla-tin)
      • carisoprodol (kar-i-sop-roe-dole)
      • carmustine (kar-mus-teen)
      • carvedilol (kar-ve-dil-ole)
      • caspofungin (kas-po-fun-gin)
      • cefaclor
      • cefadroxil
      • cefazolin
      • cefdinir
      • cefditoren
      • cefepime (seff-e-peem)
      • cefixime
      • cefoperazone
      • cefotaxime
      • cefotetan
      • cefoxitin
      • cefpodoxime
      • cefprozil
      • ceftazidime
      • ceftibuten
      • ceftizoxime
      • ceftriaxone
      • cefuroxime
      • celecoxib (sel-e-kox-ib)
      • cephalexin
      • CEPHALOSPORINS—FIRST GENERATION
      • CEPHALOSPORINS—SECOND GENERATION
      • CEPHALOSPORINS—THIRD GENERATION
      • certolizumab pegol (ser-toe-liz-u-mab)
      • cetirizine (se-ti-ra-zeen)
      • cetuximab (se-tux-i-mab)
      • chloral hydrate (klor-al hye-drate)
      • chlordiazepoxide (klor-dye-az-e-pox-ide)
      • chlorothiazide
      • chlorpheniramine (klor-fen-ir-a-meen)
      • chlorproMAZINE (klor-proe-ma-zeen)
      • chlorthalidone (thiazide–like)
      • chlorzoxazone (klor-zox-a-zohn)
      • cholecalciferol
      • cholestyramine (koe-less-tear-a-meen)
      • choline and magnesium salicylates
      • choline salicylate
      • ciclesonide
      • ciclopirox
      • cidofovir (sye-doe-foe-veer)
      • cilostazol (sil-os-tah-zol)
      • cimetidine
      • cinacalcet (sin-a-kal-set)
      • cisplatin (sis-pla-tin)
      • citalopram (si-tal-oh-pram)
      • cladribine (klad-ri-been)
      • clarithromycin (kla-rith-roe-mye-sin)
      • clevidipine (kle-vi-di-peen)
      • clindamycin (klin-da-mye-sin)
      • clobetasol
      • clocortolone
      • clofarabine (klo-far-a-been)
      • clonazepam (kloe-na-ze-pam)
      • clonidine (klon-i-deen)
      • clopidogrel (kloh-pid-oh-grel)
      • clorazepate (klor-az-e-pate)
      • clotrimazole
      • clotrimazole
      • clozapine (kloe-za-peen)
      • codeine (koe-deen)
      • colchicine (kol-chi-seen)
      • colesevelam (koe-le-sev-e-lam)
      • colestipol (koe-les-ti-pole)
      • CONTRACEPTIVES, HORMONAL MONOPHASIC ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES
      • BIPHASIC ORAL CONTRACEP TIVES
      • TRIPHASIC ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES
      • EXTENDED-CYCLE ORAL CONTRACEPTIVE
      • PROGESTIN-ONLY ORAL CONTRACEPTIVE
      • PROGRESSIVE ESTROGEN ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES
      • CONTRACEPTIVE IMPLANT
      • EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTIVE
      • INJECTABLE CONTRACEPTIVE
      • INTRAUTERINE CONTRACEPTIVE
      • VAGINAL RING CONTRACEPTIVE
      • TRANSDERMAL CONTRACEPTIVE
      • CORTICOSTEROIDS (INHALATION)
      • CORTICOSTEROIDS (NASAL)
      • CORTICOSTEROIDS (SYSTEMIC)
      • CORTICOSTEROIDS (TOPICAL/ LOCAL)
      • cortisone
      • cyanocobalamin
      • cyclobenzaprine (sye-kloe-ben-za-preen)
      • cyclophosphamide (sye-kloe-fos-fa-mide)
      • cycloSPORINE† (sye-kloe-spor-een)
      • cyproheptadine (si-proe-hep-ta-deen)
      • cytarabine (sye-tare-a-been)

      D

      • dacarbazine (da-kar-ba-zeen)
      • dalteparin
      • dantrolene (dan-troe-leen)
      • daptomycin (dap-to-mye-sin)
      • darbepoetin (dar-be-poh-e-tin)
      • darifenacin (dar-i-fen-a-sin)
      • darunavir (da-ru-na-veer)
      • DAUNOrubicin hydrochloride (daw-noe-roo-bi-sin hye-dro-klor-ide)
      • decitabine (de-sit-a-been)
      • deferoxamine (de-fer-ox-a-meen)
      • desipramine (dess-ip-ra-meen)
      • desirudin (des-i-rude-in)
      • desloratadine (dess-lor-a-ta-deen)
      • desmopressin (des-moe-press-in)
      • desonide
      • desoximetasone
      • desvenlafaxine (des-ven-la-fax-een)
      • dexamethasone
      • dexlansoprazole (dex-lan-soe-pra-zole)
      • dexmedetomidine (dex-me-de-to-mi-deen)
      • dexmethylphenidate (dex-meth-ill-fen-i-date)
      • dexrazoxane (dex-ra-zox-ane)
      • dextroamphetamine (dex-troe-am-fet-a-meen)
      • dextromethorphan (dex-troe-meth-or-fan)
      • diazepam (dye-az-e-pam)
      • DICLOFENAC (dye-kloe-fen-ak)
      • dicloxacillin
      • dicyclomine (dye-sye-kloe-meen)
      • diflorasone
      • digoxin (di-jox-in)
      • digoxin immune Fab (di-jox-in im-myoon fab)
      • dihydroergotamine
      • diltiazem (dil-tye-a-zem)
      • dinoprostone (dye-noe-prost-one)
      • diphenhydrAMINE (oral, parenteral) (dye-fen-hye-dra-meen)
      • diphenoxylate/atropine (dye-fen-ox-i-late/a-troe-peen)
      • dipyridamole (dye-peer-id-a-mole)
      • DIURETICS (POTASSIUM- SPARING)
      • DIURETICS (THIAZIDE)
      • divalproex sodium
      • DOBUTamine (doe-byoo-ta-meen)
      • docetaxel (doe-se-tax-el)
      • docosanol (doe-koe-sa-nole)
      • DOCUSATE (dok-yoo-sate)
      • dofetilide (doe-fet-il-ide)
      • dolasetron (dol-a-se-tron)
      • donepezil (doe-nep-i-zill)
      • DOPamine (dope-a-meen)
      • doripenem (do-ri-pen-em)
      • doxazosin (dox-ay-zoe-sin)
      • doxepin (dox-e-pin)
      • doxercalciferol
      • DOXOrubicin (dox-oh-roo-bi-sin)
      • DOXOrubicin, liposomal (dox-oh-roo-bi-sin lye-poe-sohm-al)
      • doxycycline
      • dronedarone (dro-ned-a-rone) Multaq
      • droperidol (droe-per-i-dole)
      • drotrecogin (dro-tre-coe-gin)
      • duloxetine (do-lox-e-teen)
      • dutasteride (doo-tas-te-ride)

      E

      • econazole
      • efavirenz (e-fa-veer-enz)
      • eletriptan (e-le-trip-tan)
      • emtricitabine (em-tri-si-ti-been)
      • enalapril/enalaprilat
      • enoxaparin
      • entacapone (en-tak-a-pone)
      • entecavir (en-tek-aveer)
      • EPIDURAL LOCAL ANESTHETICS
      • epinephrine (e-pi-nef-rin)
      • epirubicin (ep-i-roo-bi-sin)
      • eplerenone (e-ple-re-none)
      • epoetin (e-poe-e-tin)
      • eprosartan
      • eptifibatide (ep-ti-fib-a-tide)
      • ergocalciferol
      • ergonovine (er-goe-noe-veen)
      • ergotamine (er-got-a-meen)
      • erlotinib (er-lo-ti-nib)
      • ertapenem (er-ta-pen-em)
      • ERYTHROMYCIN† (eh-rith-roe-mye-sin)
      • escitalopram (ess-sit-al-o-pram)
      • esmolol (es-moe-lole)
      • esomeprazole (es-o-mep-ra-zole)
      • ESTRADIOL (es-tra-dye-ole)
      • estrogens, conjugated (equine) (ess-troe-jenz)
      • eszopiclone (es-zop-i-klone)
      • etanercept (e-tan-er-sept)
      • ethambutol (e-tham-byoo-tole)
      • ethinyl estradiol/desogestrel
      • ethinyl estradiol/drospirenone
      • ethinyl estradiol/ethynodiol
      • ethinyl estradiol/etonogestrel
      • ethinyl estradiol/levonorgestrel
      • ethinyl estradiol/norelgestromin
      • ethinyl estradiol/norethindrone
      • ethinyl estradiol/norgestimate
      • ethinyl estradiol/norgestrel
      • etidronate (eh-tih-droe-nate)
      • etodolac (ee-toe-doe-lak)
      • etonorgestrel
      • ETOPOSIDES (e-toe-poe-sides)
      • etravirine (e-tra-veer-een)
      • exenatide (ex-en-a-tide)
      • ezetimibe (e-zet-i-mibe)

      F

      • famciclovir (fam-sye-kloe-veer)
      • famotidine
      • febuxostat (fe-bux-o-stat)
      • felodipine (fe-loe-di-peen)
      • fenofibrate (fen-o-fi-brate)
      • fenofibric acid (feen-ohfye-brik as-id)
      • fenoldopam (fen-ole-doe-pam)
      • fentanyl buccal/transmucosal (fen-ta-nil)
      • fentanyl (parenteral) (fen-ta-nil)
      • fentanyl (transdermal) (fen-ta-nil)
      • ferrous fumarate
      • ferrous gluconate
      • ferrous sulfate
      • ferumoxytol (fer-u-mox-y-tole)
      • fesoterodine (fee-soe-ter-o-deen)
      • fexofenadine (fex-oh-fen-a-deen)
      • filgrastim (fil-gra-stim)
      • finasteride (fi-nas-teer-ide)
      • flecainide (flek-a-nide)
      • fluconazole (floo-kon-a-zole)
      • fludarabine (floo-dar-a-been)
      • fludrocortisone
      • flumazenil (flu-maz-e-nil)
      • flunisolide
      • flunisolide
      • fluocinolone
      • fluocinonide
      • FLUOROQUINOLONES (floor-oh-kwin-oh-lones)
      • fluorouracil (flure-oh-yoor-a-sill)
      • fluoxetine (floo-ox-uh-teen)
      • fluphenazine (floo-fen-a-zeen)
      • flurandrenolide
      • flurazepam (flur-az-e-pam)
      • fluticasone
      • fluticasone
      • fluticasone
      • fluvastatin
      • fluvoxamine (floo-voks-a-meen)
      • folic acid (foe-lika -sid)
      • fondaparinux (fon-da-par-i-nux)
      • formoterol (for-mo-te-role)
      • fosamprenavir (fos-am-pren-a-veer)
      • foscarnet (foss-kar-net)
      • fosinopril
      • fosphenytoin (foss-fen-i-toyn)
      • frovatriptan (froe-va-trip-tan)
      • furosemide (fur-oh-se-mide)

      G

      • gabapentin (ga-ba-pen-tin)
      • galantamine (ga-lant-a-meen)
      • ganciclovir (gan-sye-kloe-vir)
      • gefitinib (je-fit-in-ib)
      • gemcitabine (jem-site-a-been)
      • gemfibrozil (gem-fye-broe-zil)
      • gemtuzumab ozogamicin (gem-tu-zoo-mab o-zo-ga-my-sin)
      • gentamicin
      • glimepiride
      • glipiZIDE
      • glucagon (gloo-ka-gon)
      • glyBURIDE
      • glycopyrrolate (glye-koe-pye-roe-late)
      • golimumab (go-li-mu-mab)
      • goserelin (goe-se-rel-lin)
      • granisetron (oral and IV) (gra-nees-e-tron) Kytril
      • GROWTH HORMONES
      • guaifenesin (gwye-fen-e-sin)

      H

      • halcinonide
      • halobetasol
      • haloperidol (ha-loe-per-i-dole)
      • heparin (hep-a-rin)
      • HEPARINS (LOW MOLECULAR WEIGHT)
      • HISTAMINE H 2 ANTAGONISTS
      • HMG-CoA REDUCTASE INHIBITORS (statins)
      • human papillomavirus quadrivalent (types 6, 11, 16, and 18) vaccine, recombinant (hyoo-man pa-pil-lo-ma)
      • hydrALAZINE (hye-dral-a-zeen)
      • hydralazine/isosorbide dinitrate (hye-dral-a-zeen eye-so-sor-bide di-ni-trate)
      • hydrochlorothiazide
      • hydrocodone (hye-droe-koe-done)
      • hydrocortisone
      • hydrocortisone
      • hydromorphone (hye-droe-mor-fone)
      • hydroxocobalamin
      • hydroxychloroquine (hye-drox-ee-klor-oh-kwin)
      • hydrOXYzine (hye-drox-i-zeen)
      • hyoscyamine (hi-oh-si-a-meen)

      I

      • ibandronate (i-ban-dro-nate)
      • ibuprofen (oral) (eye-byoo-proe-fen)
      • ibutilide (eye-byoo-ti-lide)
      • idarubicin (eye-da-roo-bi-sin)
      • ifosfamide (eye-foss-fam-ide)
      • iloperidone (eye-loe-per-i-done)
      • imatinib (i-mat-i-nib)
      • imipenem/cilastatin (i-me-pen-em/sye-la-stat-in)
      • imipramine (im-ip-ra-meen)
      • imiquimod (i-mi-kwi-mod)
      • indapamide (in-dap-a-mide)
      • indomethacin (in-doe-meth-a-sin)
      • infliximab (in-flix-i-mab)
      • INSULIN (mixtures) (in-su-lin)
      • INSULINS (short acting) (in-su-lin)
      • INSULINS (intermediate-acting) (in-su-lin)
      • INSULINS (long-acting) (in-su-lin)
      • INSULINS (rapid acting) (in-su-lin)
      • INTERFERONS, ALPHA (in-ter-feer-onz)
      • INTERFERONS, BETA (in-ter-feer-on)
      • IODINE, IODIDE
      • ipratropium (i-pra-troe-pee-um)
      • irbesartan
      • irinotecan (eye-ri-noe-tee-kan)
      • IRON SUPPLEMENTS carbonyl iron (100%) (kar-bo-nil eye-ern)
      • isocarboxazid
      • isoniazid (eye-soe-nye-a-zid)
      • ISOSORBIDE
      • isotretinoin (eye-soe-tret-i-noyn)
      • isradipine (is-ra-di-peen)
      • itraconazole (it-tra-kon-a-zole)
      • ixabepilone (icks-a-bep-i-lone)

      K

      • kanamycin
      • ketoconazole (systemic)† (kee-toe-koe-na-zole)
      • ketoconazole
      • ketoprofen (kee-toe-proe-fen)
      • ketorolac† (kee-toe-role-ak)

      L

      • labetalol (la-bet-a-lole)
      • lactulose (lak-tyoo-lose)
      • lamivudine (la-mi-vyoo-deen)
      • lamotrigine (la-moe-tri-jeen)
      • lansoprazole (lan-soe-pra-zole)
      • lanthanum carbonate (lan-than-um)
      • lapatinib (la-pat-i-nib)
      • leflunomide (le-flu-noe-mide)
      • lepirudin (rDNA) (le-peer-yoo-din)
      • letrozole (let-roe-zole)
      • leucovorin calcium (loo-koe-vor-in)
      • leuprolide (loo-proe-lide)
      • levalbuterol (leev-al-byoo-ter-ole)
      • levetiracetam (le-ve-teer-a-se-tam)
      • levonorgestrel
      • levothyroxine
      • LIDOCAINE
      • lidocaine/prilocaine (lye-doe-kane/pri-loe-kane)
      • lindane (lin-dane)
      • linezolid (li-nez-o-lid)
      • liothyronine
      • liotrix
      • lisinopril
      • lithium (lith-ee-um)
      • loperamide (loe-per-a-mide)
      • lopinavir/ritonavir (loe-pin-a-veer/ri-toe-na-veer)
      • loratadine (lor-a-ta-deen)
      • lorazepam (lor-az-e-pam)
      • losartan
      • lovastatin

      M

      • magaldrate
      • MAGNESIUM AND ALUMINUM SALTS
      • magnesium salicylate
      • MAGNESIUM SALTS (ORAL)
      • magnesium sulfate (IV, parenteral) (9.9% Mg; 8.1 mEq Mg/g) (mag-nee-zhum sul-fate)
      • mannitol (man-i-tol)
      • maraviroc (ma-ra-vi-rok)
      • meclizine (mek-li-zeen)
      • medroxyPROGESTERone† (me-drox-ee-proe-jess-te-rone)
      • medroxyprogesterone
      • megestrol (me-jess-trole)
      • meloxicam (me-lox-i-kam)
      • melphalan (mel-fa-lan)
      • memantine (me-man-teen)
      • meperidine (me-per-i-deen)
      • meropenem (mer-oh-pen-nem)
      • mesalamine (me-sal-a-meen)
      • mesna (mes-na)
      • mestranol/norethindrone
      • metaxalone (me-tax -a-lone)
      • metformin (met-for-min)
      • methadone (meth-a-done)
      • methimazole (meth-im-a-zole)
      • methocarbamol (meth-oh-kar-ba-mole)
      • methotrexate (meth-o-trex-ate)
      • methyldopa (meth-ill-doe-pa)
      • methylergonovine (meth-ill-er-goe-noe-veen)
      • methylnaltrexone (me-thil-nal-trex-one)
      • methylphenidate (oral) (meth-ill-fen-i-date)
      • methylPREDNISolone
      • metoclopramide (met-oh-kloe-pra-mide)
      • metolazone (me-tole-a-zone)
      • metoprolol (me-toe-proe-lole)
      • metronidazole (me-troe-ni-da-zole)
      • micafungin (my-ka-fun-gin)
      • miconazole
      • miconazole
      • midazolam (mid-ay-zoe-lam)
      • mifepristone (mi-fe-priss-tone)
      • miglitol (mi-gli-tole)
      • milnacipran (mil-na-sip-ran)
      • milrinone (mill-ri-none)
      • minocycline
      • mirtazapine (meer-taz-a-peen)
      • misoprostol (mye-soe-prost-ole)
      • mitomycin (mye-toe-mye-sin)
      • mitoxantrone (mye-toe-zan-trone)
      • modafinil (mo-daf-i-nil)
      • moexipril
      • mometasone
      • mometasone
      • mometasone
      • MONOAMINE OXIDASE (MAO) INHIBITORS
      • montelukast (mon-te-loo-kast)
      • morphine (mor-feen)
      • mupirocin (myoo-peer-oh-sin)
      • muromonab-CD3 (myoo-roe-moe-nab CD3)
      • mycophenolate mofetil (mye-koe-fee-noe-late moe-fe-til)

      N

      • nabumetone (na-byoo-me-tone)
      • nadolol (nay-doe-lole)
      • nafarelin (na-fare-e-lin)
      • nafcillin
      • naftifine
      • nalbuphine (nal-byoo-feen)
      • naloxone (nal-ox-one)
      • naproxen (na-prox-en)
      • naratriptan (nar-a-trip-tan)
      • nateglinide (na-teg-li-nide)
      • nebivolol (ne-bi-vi-lole)
      • nefazodone (neff-a-zoe-done)
      • neomycin
      • neostigmine (nee-oh-stig-meen)
      • nesiritide (ne-sir-i-tide)
      • nevirapine (ne-veer-a-peen)
      • niacin (nye-a-sin)
      • niCARdipine (nye-kar-di-peen)
      • NICOTINE (nik-o-teen)
      • NIFEdipine (nye-fed-i-peen)
      • nilotinib (ni-lo-ti-nib)
      • nimodipine (nye-moe-di-peen)
      • nisoldipine (nye-sole-di-peen)
      • nitrofurantoin (nye-troe-fyoor-an-toyn)
      • nitroglycerin (nye-tro-gli-ser-in)
      • nitroprusside (nye-troe-pruss-ide)
      • nizatidine
      • norepinephrine (nor-ep-i-nef-rin)
      • norethindrone
      • norethindrone/ethinyl acetate
      • nortriptyline (nor-trip-ti-leen)
      • NPH insulin (isophane insulin suspension)
      • NPH/regular insulin mixtures
      • nystatin (nye-stat-in)
      • nystatin
      • nystatin

      O

      • octreotide (ok-tree-oh-tide)
      • olanzapine (oh-lan-za-peen)
      • olmesartan
      • olopatadine (nasal spray) (o-lo-pa-ta-deen)
      • olsalazine (ole-sal-a-zeen)
      • omalizumab (o-ma-liz-u-mab)
      • omega-3-acid ethyl esters (ohme-ga three as-id eth-il es-ters)
      • omeprazole (o-mep-ra-zole)
      • ondansetron (on-dan-se-tron)
      • oprelvekin (o-prell-ve-kin)
      • orlistat (or-li-stat)
      • oseltamivir (o-sel-tam-i-vir)
      • oxacillin
      • oxaliplatin (ox-a-li-pla-tin)
      • oxaprozin (ox-a-proe-zin)
      • oxazepam (ox-az-e-pam)
      • oxcarbazepine (ox-kar-baz-e-peen)
      • oxiconazole
      • OXYBUTYNIN (ox-i-byoo-ti-nin)
      • oxycodone (ox-i-koe-done)
      • oxymorphone (ox-i-mor-fone)
      • oxytocin (ox-i-toe-sin)

      P

      • paclitaxel (pak-li-tax-el)
      • palifermin (pa-liff-er-min)
      • paliperidone (pa-li-per-i-done)
      • palonosetron (pa-lone-o-se-tron)
      • pamidronate (pa-mid-roe-nate)
      • pancrelipase (pan-kre-li-pase)
      • pancuronium
      • panitumumab (pan-i-tu-mu-mab)
      • pantoprazole (pan-toe-pra-zole)
      • paricalcitol
      • paroxetine hydrochloride (par-ox-e-teen)
      • pazopanib (paz-oh-pi-nab)
      • pegaspargase (peg-ass-par-jase)
      • pegfilgrastim (peg-fil-gra-stim)
      • peginterferon alpha-2a
      • peginterferon alpha-2b
      • pemetrexed (pe-me-trex-ed)
      • penciclovir (pen-sye-kloe-veer)
      • PENICILLINS (pen-i-sill-ins)
      • PENICILLINS, PENICILLINASE RESISTANT
      • pentamidine (pen-tam-i-deen)
      • pentazocine (pen-taz-oh-seen)
      • perindopril
      • permethrin (per-meth-rin)
      • phenazopyridine (fen-az-oh-peer-i-deen)
      • phenelzine
      • phenobarbital (fee-noe-bar-bi-tal)
      • phentermine (fen-ter-meen)
      • phentolamine (fen-tole-a-meen)
      • phenytoin (fen-i-toyn)
      • phosphate/biphosphate (foss-fate/bye-foss -fate)
      • phytonadione (fye-toe-na-dye-one)
      • pilocarpine (oral)† (pye-loe-kar-peen)
      • pimecrolimus (pi-me-cro-li-mus)
      • pioglitazone (pi-o-glit-a-zone)
      • piperacillin/tazobactam (pi-per-a-sill-in/tay-zoe-bak-tam)
      • piroxicam (peer-ox-i-kam)
      • pitavastatin
      • polyethylene glycol (po-lee-eth-e-leen glye-kole)
      • polyethylene glycol/ electrolyte (po-lee-eth-e-leen glye-kole/e-lek-troe-lite)
      • posaconazole (po-sa -kon-a-zole)
      • potassium and sodium phosphates (po-tas-e-um/soe-dee-yum fossfates)
      • potassium iodide
      • POTASSIUM SUPPLEMENTS (poe-tass-ee-um)
      • pramipexole (pra-mi-pex-ole)
      • pramlintide (pram-lin-tide)
      • prasugrel (pra-soo-grel)
      • pravastatin
      • prazosin (pra-zoe-sin)
      • prednicarbate
      • prednisoLONE
      • predniSONE
      • pregabalin (pre-gab-a-lin)
      • procainamide (proe-kane-ah-mide)
      • procaine penicillin G
      • procarbazine (proe-kar-ba-zeen)
      • prochlorperazine (proe-klor-pair-a-zeen)
      • progesterone (proe-jess-te-rone)
      • promethazine (proe-meth-a-zeen)
      • propafenone (proe-paff-e-nown)
      • propofol (proe-poe-fol)
      • PROPOXYPHENE
      • propranolol (proe-pran-oh-lole)
      • propylthiouracil (proe-pill-thye-oh-yoor-a-sill)
      • protamine sulfate (proe-ta-meen)
      • pseudoephedrine (soo-doe-e-fed-rin)
      • psyllium (sill-i-yum)
      • pyrazinamide (peer-a-zin-a-mide)
      • pyridostigmine (peer-id-oh-stig-meen)
      • pyridoxine (peer-i-dox-een)
      • pyrimethamine (peer-i-meth-a-meen)

      Q

      • quetiapine (kwet-eye-a-peen)
      • quinapril
      • QUINIDINE (kwin-i-deen)
      • quinine (kwi-nine)
      • quinupristin/dalfopristin (kwin-oo-pris-tin/dal-foe-pris-tin)

      R

      • rabeprazole (ra-bep-ra-zole)
      • raloxifene (ra-lox-i-feen)
      • raltegravir (ral-teg-ra-veer)
      • ramelteon (ra-mel-tee-on)
      • ramipril
      • ranitidine
      • ranolazine (ra-nole-a-zeen)
      • rasagiline (raza-ji-leen)
      • rasburicase (ras-byoor-i-case)
      • repaglinide (re-pag-gli-nide)
      • reteplase
      • Rh o (D) IMMUNE GLOBULIN (arr aych oh dee im-yoon globyoo-lin)
      • ribavirin (rye-ba-vye-rin)
      • rifabutin (riff-a-byoo-tin)
      • rifampin (rif-am-pin)
      • rifaximin (ri-fax-i-min)
      • risedronate (riss-ed-roe-nate)
      • risperidone (riss-per-i-done)
      • ritonavir (ri-toe-na-veer)
      • rituximab (ri-tux-i-mab)
      • rivastigmine (rye-va-stig-meen)
      • rizatriptan (riz-a-trip-tan)
      • ropinirole (roe-pin-i-role)
      • ropivacaine
      • rosiglitazone (roe-zi-glit-a-zone)
      • rosuvastatin

      S

      • SALICYLATES
      • salmeterol (sal-me-te-role)
      • salsalate
      • sargramostim (sar-gram-oh-stim)
      • saxagliptin (sax-a-glip-tin)
      • scopolamine (scoe-pol-a-meen)
      • selegiline (se-le-ji-leen)
      • selegiline transdermal (se-le-ji-leen)
      • sennosides (sen-oh-sides)
      • sertaconazole (ser-ta-kon-a-zole)
      • sertraline (ser-tra-leen)
      • sevelamer (se-vel-a-mer)
      • sibutramine (si-byoo-tra-meen)
      • sildenafil (sil-den-a-fil)
      • silodosin (si-lo-do-sin)
      • simethicone (si-meth-i-kone)
      • simvastatin
      • sirolimus (sir-oh-li-mus)
      • sitagliptin (sit-a-glip-tin)
      • sodium bicarbonate (soe-dee-um bye-kar-boe-nate)
      • sodium chloride (IV/oral) (soe-dee-um klor-ide)
      • sodium citrate and citric acid (soe-dee-um sye-trate and sit-rik as-id)
      • sodium ferric gluconate complex
      • sodium polystyrene sulfonate (soe-dee-um po-lee-stye-reen sulfon-ate)
      • sodium salicylate
      • solifenacin (so-li-fen-a-sin)
      • somatropin (recombinant)
      • sotalol (soe-ta-lole)
      • spironolactone
      • streptokinase
      • streptomycin
      • strong iodine solution
      • sucralfate (soo-kral-fate)
      • sulconazole
      • sulfasalazine (sul-fa-sal-a-zeen)
      • SULFONYLUREAS
      • sulindac (soo-lin-dak)
      • sumatriptan (soo-ma-trip-tan)
      • sunitinib (su-ni-ti-nib)

      T

      • tacrine (tak-rin)
      • TACROLIMUS
      • tadalafil (ta-da-la-fil)
      • tamoxifen (ta-mox-i-fen)
      • tamsulosin (tam-soo-loe-sin)
      • tapentadol (ta-pen-ta-dol)
      • telmisartan
      • temazepam (tem-az-a-pam)
      • tenecteplase
      • tenofovir (te-noe-fo-veer)
      • terazosin (ter-ay-zoe-sin)
      • terbinafine (ter-bi-na-feen)
      • terbinafine
      • terbutaline (ter-byoo-ta-leen)
      • terconazole
      • teriparatide (ter-i-par-a-tide)
      • TESTOSTERONE (tess-toss-te-rone)
      • tetracycline
      • TETRACYCLINES
      • thalidomide (tha-lid-oh-mide)
      • theophylline
      • thiamine (thye-a-min)
      • thioridazine (thye-oh-rid-a-zeen)
      • THROMBOLYTIC AGENTS
      • thyroid
      • THYROID PREPARATIONS
      • tiagabine (tye-a-ga-been)
      • ticarcillin/clavulanate (tye-kar-sil-in/klav-yoo-la-nate)
      • ticlopidine (tye-cloe-pi-deen)
      • tigecycline (tye-gi-sye-kleen)
      • timolol (tim-oh-lole)
      • tinidazole (ti-nid-a-zole)
      • tinzaparin
      • tioconazole
      • tiotropium (tye-o-trope-ee-yum)
      • tirofiban (tye-roe-fye-ban)
      • tizanidine (tye-zan-i-deen)
      • tobramycin
      • tolcapone (tole-ka-pone)
      • tolnaftate
      • tolterodine (tol-ter-oh-deen)
      • tolvaptan (tol-vap-tan)
      • topiramate (toe-peer-i-mate)
      • topotecan (toe-poe-tee-kan)
      • torsemide (tore-se-mide)
      • tramadol (tra-ma-dol)
      • trandolapril
      • tranylcypromine
      • trastuzumab (traz-too-zoo-mab)
      • trazodone (traz-oh-done)
      • triamcinolone
      • triamcinolone
      • triamcinolone
      • triamterene
      • triazolam (trye-az-oh-lam)
      • tricalcium phosphate (39% Ca or 19.5 mEq/g)
      • trikates (potassium acetate/potassium bicarbonate/potassium citrate)
      • trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (trye-meth-oh-prim/sul-fa-meth-ox-a-zole)
      • trospium (tros-pee-yum)

      U

      • urokinase

      V

      • valacyclovir (val-ay-sye-kloe-veer)
      • valganciclovir (val-gan-sye-kloe-veer)
      • VALPROATES
      • valsartan
      • vancomycin (van-koe-mye-sin)
      • vardenafil (var-den-a-fil)
      • varenicline (ver-en-i-cline)
      • vasopressin (vay-soe-press-in)
      • venlafaxine (ven-la-fax-een)
      • verapamil (ver-ap-a-mil)
      • vinBLAStine (vin-blass-teen)
      • vinCRIStine (vin-kriss-teen)
      • vinorelbine (vine-oh-rel-been)
      • VITAMIN B 12 PREPARATIONS
      • VITAMIN D COMPOUNDS
      • vitamin E (vye-ta-min E)
      • voriconazole (vor-i-kon-a-zole)

      W

      • warfarin (war-fa-rin)

      Z

      • zafirlukast (za-feer-loo-kast)
      • zaleplon (za-lep-lon)
      • zanamivir (za-na-mi-veer)
      • ziconotide (zi-ko-no-tide)
      • zidovudine (zye-doe-vue-deen)
      • zinc sulfate (zink sul-fate)
      • ziprasidone (zi-pra-si-done)
      • zoledronic acid (zoe-led-dron-ic as-id)
      • zolmitriptan (zole-mi-trip-tan)
      • zolpidem (zole-pi-dem)
      • zonisamide (zoe-niss-a-mide)

      Less Commonly Used Drugs

      • acamprosate calcium (a-cam-pro-sate)
      • activated charcoal
      • aldesleukin (al-dess-loo-kin)
      • alitretinoin (a-li-tret-i-noyn)
      • amoxapine (a-mox-a-peen)
      • arsenic trioxide (ar-sen-ik trye-ox-ide)
      • ascorbic acid (as-kor-bik as-id)
      • bethanechol (be-than-e-kole)
      • biperiden (by-per-i-den)
      • botulism immune globulin (botyoo-lism im-yoon glob-yoo-lin)
      • bromocriptine (broe-moe-krip-teen)
      • brompheniramine (brome-fen-ir-a-meen)
      • chlorambucil (klor-am-byoo-sill)
      • clomiPRAMINE (kloe-mip-ra-meen)
      • cytomegalovirus immune globulin (site-oh-meg-a-loe-vye-rus)
      • danazol (da-na-zole)
      • didanosine (dye-dan-oh-seen)
      • disulfiram (di-sul-fir-am)
      • eflornithine (topical) (ee-flor-ni-theen)
      • enfuvirtide (en-foo-veer-tide)
      • flutamide (floo-ta-mide)
      • guanfacine (gwahn-fa-seen)
      • hydroxyurea (hye-drox-ee-yoor-ee-a)
      • iloprost (eye-lo-prost)
      • indinavir (in-din-a-veer)
      • mebendazole (me-ben-da-zole)
      • mechlorethamine (me-klor-eth-a-meen)
      • mercaptopurine (mer-kap-toe-pyoor-een)
      • minoxidil (systemic) (mi-nox-i-dill)
      • nelfinavir (nell-finn-a-veer)
      • pegaptanib (peg-apt-i-nib)
      • penicillamine (pen-i-sill-a-meen)
      • pentobarbital (pen-toe-bar-bi-tal)
      • polycarbophil (pol-i-kar-boe-fil)
      • POTASSIUM PHOSPHATES (poe-tass-ee-um foss-fates)
      • ranibizumab (ran-i-bi-zoo-mab)
      • riboflavin (rye-boe-flay-vin)
      • rifapentine (rif-a-pen-teen)
      • saquinavir (sa-kwin-a-vir)
      • sodium phosphate (soe-dee-um foss-fate)
      • stavudine (stav-yoo-deen)
      • succimer (sux-i-mer)
      • tegaserod (te-gas-er-od)
      • temsirolimus (tem-si-ro-li-mus)
      • thioguanine (thye-oh-gwon-een)
      • tiludronate (tye-loo-droe-nate)
      • tipranavir (ti-pran-a-veer)
      • tolmetin (tole-met-in)
      • trifluoperazine (trye-floo-oh-pair-a-zeen)
      • trihexyphenidyl (trye-hex-ee-fen-i-dill)
      • trimipramine (trye-mip-ra-meen)
      • triptorelin (trip-to-rel-in)
      • verteporfin (ver-te-por-fin)
      • zileuton (zye-loo-ton)

      Natural/Herbal Products

      • aloe (al-oh)
      • arnica (ar-ni-cuh)
      • bilberry
      • black cohosh (blak coe-hosh)
      • chondroitin (konn-droy-tinn)
      • Crataegus Species
      • dong quai (don kwi)
      • echinacea (Echinacea Purpurea) (ek-i-nay-sha)
      • feverfew (fee-vurr-fyoo)
      • garlic (gar-lik)
      • ginger (Zingiber Officinale) (jin-jer)
      • ginkgo (ging-ko)
      • ginseng (Panax Ginseng) (jin-seng)
      • glucosamine (glew-kos-ah-meen)
      • grape seed extract
      • green tea (green tee)
      • hawthorne (Crataegus Species) (haw-thorn)
      • Hypericum Perforatum
      • kava-kava (Piper Methysticum) (ka-va-ka-va)
      • milk thistle (milk this-ul)
      • Panax Ginseng
      • Piper Methysticum
      • SAMe (sam-ee)
      • saw palmetto
      • St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum) (saynt jonz wort)
      • valerian (vuh-lare-ee-en)
      • Zingiber Officinale

      APPENDICES

        APPENDIX A Recent Drug Approvals

        APPENDIX B Combination Drugs

        APPENDIX C Ophthalmic Medications

        APPENDIX D Medication Administration Techniques

        APPENDIX E Formulas Helpful for Calculating Doses

        APPENDIX F Body Surface Area Nomograms

        APPENDIX G Normal Values of Common Laboratory Tests

        APPENDIX H Commonly Used Abbreviations

        APPENDIX I Pregnancy Categories

        APPENDIX J Controlled Substances Schedules

        APPENDIX K Equianalgesic Dosing Guidelines

        APPENDIX L Recommendations for the Safe Handling of Hazardous Drugs*

        APPENDIX M Food Sources for Specific Nutrients

        APPENDIX N Insulins and Insulin Therapy

        APPENDIX O Canadian and U.S. Pharmaceutical Practices

        APPENDIX P Routine Pediatric and Adult Immunizations

        APPENDIX Q Administering Medications to Children

        APPENDIX R Pediatric Dosage Calculations

        APPENDIX S Pediatric Fluid and Electrolyte Requirements

        APPENDIX T Early Management of Anaphylactic Reactions

        APPENDIX U The Cytochrome P450 System: What Is It and Why Should I Care? 1

      BIBLIOGRAPHY

      MEDICATION SAFETY TOOLS