ESSENTIALS OF GLOBAL COMMUNITY HEALTH

Author: Jaime Gofin, MD, MPH, Rosa Gofin, MD, MPH
Affiliation: University of Nebraska Medical School, Omaha
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Publication Date: 2011
ISBN 10: 0763773298
ISBN 13: 9780763773298
Edition: 1st

Description:

Authors Jaime Gofin and Rosa Gofin leading authorities in Community Oriented Primary Care (COPC) and Community Oriented Public Health (COPH) bring together their years of experience in this newest title in the Essential Public Health series: Essentials of Global Community Health. Your students will gain a clear understanding of the intersection of the individual orientation of clinical medicine and the population orientation of public health by examining strategies and case studies from around the world. As part the Essential Public Health series, the text maintains the same clear, learning-friendly format, making it perfect for undergraduates and students who have no previous exposure to public health, epidemiology, or behavioral sciences and for use in programs of nursing, health sciences, medicine, and public health. The book will stimulate learners to consider Community Health not simply as a technique but as a systematic approach for the identification of health needs at the population level and in the selection of relevant interventions to reduce health disparities. The COPC and COPH approaches are illustrated with 16 specific cases. Students will gain a clear understanding of the following competencies: The definition of community, including the family dimension and the characterization of a community in terms of the social, economic, and cultural dimensions. The continuum of health and disease within the community context, and its life course implications including the determinants of community health: environmental, social, economical, political, and cultural. The measurements of health, wellness and disease based on quantitative and qualitative methods. The settings for health care delivery, health promotion, and other resources including those outside the traditional health sector. How to plan for community health interventions including health needs assessment, priority setting, selection of evidence-based interv.

Table of Contents

Front Matter

  • ABOUT
  • DEDICATION
  • The Essential Public Health Series
  • Acknowledgments
  • About the Authors
  • Preface
  • Prologue
  • Contributors

SECTION I Principles of Global Community Health

    Meaning and Definitions of Community Health

    • CHAPTER OUTLINE
    • KEY TERMS
    • INTRODUCTION
    • DEFINITIONS
    • COMMUNITY HEALTH AND ITS DETERMINANTS
    • COMMUNITY HEALTHCARE PRACTICE
    • MEASUREMENT OF COMMUNITY HEALTH
    • GATHERING INFORMATION ABOUT COMMUNITY HEALTH
    • SUMMARY
    • Discussion Questions
    • Review Questions
    • REFERENCES

    Community Health Interventions: Planning and Methods

    • CHAPTER OUTLINE
    • KEY TERMS
    • INTRODUCTION
    • TYPES OF COMMUNITY HEALTH INTERVENTIONS
    • THE SETTINGS FOR COMMUNITY HEALTH INTERVENTIONS
    • THE ROLE OF THE COMMUNITY IN COMMUNITY HEALTH INTERVENTIONS
    • THE PROCESS OF COMMUNITY HEALTH INTERVENTIONS
    • RESOURCES IN COMMUNITY HEALTH INTERVENTIONS
    • TIME LINE AND BUDGET IN COMMUNITY HEALTH INTERVENTIONS
    • SUMMARY
    • Discussion Questions
    • Review Questions
    • REFERENCES
    • APPENDIX 2-1 Selected Sources of Information on Health Status in the United States

    Community-Oriented Primary Care (COPC): History and Principles

    • CHAPTER OUTLINE
    • KEY TERMS
    • INTRODUCTION
    • DEFINITIONS OF COPC
    • THE ORIGIN OF COPC IN SOUTH AFRICA
    • THE DEVELOPMENT OF COPC IN JERUSALEM
    • THE CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK OF COPC
    • THE FIVE COPC PRINCIPLES
    • CHARACTERISTICS OF A COPC SERVICE
    • COPC AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
    • THE DISCIPLINES OF COPC
    • COPC AND FAMILY MEDICINE
    • COPC AND NURSING
    • COPC AS AN INTEGRATION OF PRIMARY CARE AND PUBLIC HEALTH FUNCTIONS
    • COPC EFFECTIVENESS
    • CAPACITY BUILDING IN COPC
    • GLOBAL DISSEMINATION OF COPC
    • COPC IN THE UNITED STATES
    • THE FUTURE OF COPC
    • SUMMARY
    • Discussion Questions
    • Review Questions
    • REFERENCES

    The Methodology of the Community-Oriented Primar y Care (COPC) Process

    • CHAPTER OUTLINE
    • KEY TERMS
    • INTRODUCTION
    • INDIVIDUAL CARE AND COMMUNITY CARE
    • STARTING A COPC PROGRAM
    • THE SETTING IN COPC
    • THE COMMUNITY IN COPC
    • THE COPC PROCESS
    • CHARACTERIZATION OF THE COMMUNITY
    • PRIORITIZATION
    • DETAILED ASSESSMENT
    • INTERVENTION
    • SURVEILLANCE AND MONITORING
    • EVALUATION
    • REASSESSMENT
    • THE HEALTHCARE TEAM IN COPC
    • SUSTAINABILITY
    • RESOURCES AND BUDGET PLANNING
    • INTERSECTORAL COOPERATION
    • OPPORTUNITIES AND CONSTRAINTS IN THE APPLICATION OF THE COPC APPROACH
    • SUMMARY
    • Discussion Questions
    • Review Questions
    • REFERENCES

    Community-Oriented Public Health (COPH)

    • CHAPTER OUTLINE
    • KEY TERMS
    • INTRODUCTION
    • THE TARGET POPULATION IN COMMUNITY-ORIENTED PUBLIC HEALTH
    • COMMUNITY-ORIENTED PUBLIC HEALTH FUNCTIONS
    • COMMUNITY-ORIENTED PUBLIC HEALTH AND POPULATION-BASED PUBLIC HEALTH
    • COMMUNITY-ORIENTED PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICES
    • CAPACITY BUILDING FOR COMMUNITY-ORIENTED PUBLIC HEALTH
    • SUMMARY
    • Discussion Questions
    • Review Questions
    • REFERENCES

    Community Participation in Community Health Care

    • CHAPTER OUTLINE
    • KEY TERMS
    • INTRODUCTION
    • DEFINITIONS
    • FACTORS INFLUENCING PARTICIPATION
    • LEVELS OF DECISION FOR COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION: LOCAL, REGIONAL, NATIONAL
    • LEVELS OF PARTICIPATION
    • TYPES OF COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
    • COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN COMMUNITY HEALTH CARE
    • COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION AND COMMUNITY COALITIONS
    • PARTICIPATION SUSTAINABILITY IN COMMUNITY HEALTH CARE
    • ROLE OF STAKEHOLDERS IN COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
    • COMMUNITY HEALTH WORKERS’ ROLE IN COMMUNITY HEALTH CARE: PROMOTORAS AND OTHER INITIATIVES
    • OPPORTUNITIES AND BARRIERS TO COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
    • PROFESSIONALS AS COMMUNITY MEMBERS
    • CASE STUDIES ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
    • EVALUATION OF COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
    • A FRAMEWORK FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN COMMUNITY HEALTH CARE
    • MONITORING ACTIVITIES THROUGHOUT THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
    • SUMMARY
    • Discussion Questions
    • Review Questions
    • REFERENCES

    Integration of Health Services in Community Health Care

    • CHAPTER OUTLINE
    • KEY TERMS
    • INTRODUCTION
    • FRAGMENTATION OF HEALTH SERVICES AS A BARRIER TO CONTINUITY OF CARE
    • THE NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF FRAGMENTATION
    • THE FACTORS RELATED TO FRAGMENTATION
    • THE MEANING OF INTEGRATION
    • APPROPRIATE APPROACHES FOR INTEGRATION IN COMMUNITY HEALTH CARE
    • THE ROLE OF EPIDEMIOLOGY IN INTEGRATION
    • VALUES TO CONSIDER IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF INTEGRATED COMMUNITY HEALTH CARE
    • THE ROLE OF STAKEHOLDERS IN SERVICE INTEGRATION
    • THE FIVE STAKEHOLDERS’ COMMITMENT
    • THE MEASUREMENT OF INTEGRATED HEALTH CARE
    • THE INTEGRATION PROCESS
    • FOUR INTEGRATION LEVELS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNITY HEALTH CARE
    • SUMMARY
    • Discussion Questions
    • Review Questions
    • REFERENCES

    Epidemiology as a Tool for Community Health Care

    • CHAPTER OUTLINE
    • KEY TERMS
    • INTRODUCTION
    • THE SCOPE OF EPIDEMIOLOGY
    • EPIDEMIOLOGICAL INFORMATION
    • EPIDEMIOLOGY IN COMMUNITY-ORIENTED PUBLIC HEALTH AND COMMUNITY-ORIENTED PRIMARY CARE
    • DETERMINING THE COMMUNITY’S HEALTH NEEDS
    • EPIDEMIOLOGY AND COMMUNITY HEALTH PROGRAMS
    • SURVEILLANCE AND PROGRAM EVALUATION
    • RESEARCH OPPORTUNITIES
    • FINAL QUIZ
    • Discussion Questions
    • Review Questions
    • REFERENCES

SECTION II Global Application of Community Health Care: Case Studies

    Preface to Case Studies

      Developing Community-Oriented Primary Care (COPC) in Contemporary Rural South Africa: The Case of Stroke

      • BACKGROUND
      • THE HEALTH STATUS OF THE COMMUNITY
      • THE INTERVENTION PROGRAM
      • COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION AND INTERSECTORAL COOPERATION
      • LESSONS LEARNED
      • Discussion Questions
      • REFERENCES

      Community-Oriented Primary Care (COPC) and Refugee Participation in a Humanitarian Crisis: The Chad Experience

      • BACKGROUND
      • THE HEALTH STATUS OF THE COMMUNITY
      • THE INTERVENTION PROGRAM
      • COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION AND INTERSECTORAL COOPERATION
      • LESSONS LEARNED
      • Discussion Questions
      • REFERENCES

      Multisector and Coordinated Intervention to Reduce Child Trafficking in Bénin, West Africa

      • BACKGROUND
      • THE HEALTH STATUS OF THE COMMUNITY
      • THE INTERVENTION PROGRAM
      • COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION AND INTERSECTORAL COOPERATION
      • LESSONS LEARNED
      • Discussion Questions
      • REFERENCES

      Averting Childhood Deaths in Resource-Constrained Settings Through Engagement with the Community: An Example from Cambodia

      • BACKGROUND
      • THE HEALTH STATUS OF THE COMMUNITY’S CHILDREN
      • THE INTERVENTION PROGRAM
      • COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION AND INTERSECTORAL COOPERATION
      • LESSONS LEARNED
      • Discussion Questions
      • REFERENCES

      Common Pathways: Worcester’s Healthy Community Initiative

      • BACKGROUND
      • THE HEALTH STATUS OF THE COMMUNITY
      • THE INTERVENTION PROGRAM
      • COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION AND INTERSECTORAL COOPERATION
      • LESSONS LEARNED
      • Discussion Questions
      • REFERENCES

      Parkland Health & Hospital System: Community-Oriented Primary Care (COPC) in Action

      • BACKGROUND
      • THE HEALTH STATUS OF THE COMMUNITY
      • THE INTERVENTION PROGRAM
      • COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION AND INTERSECTORAL COOPERATION
      • LESSONS LEARNED
      • Discussion Questions
      • REFERENCES

      Preventing Diabetes in American Indians: Cherokee Choices

      • BACKGROUND
      • THE HEALTH STATUS OF THE COMMUNITY
      • THE INTERVENTION PROGRAM
      • COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION AND INTERSECTORAL COOPERATION
      • LESSONS LEARNED
      • Discussion Questions
      • REFERENCES

      The Health Commons: An Expansion of the Community Health Center Concept in New Mexico

      • BACKGROUND
      • THE HEALTH STATUS OF THE COMMUNITY
      • THE INTERVENTION PROGRAM
      • COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION AND INTERSECTORAL COOPERATION
      • LESSONS LEARNED
      • Discussion Questions
      • REFERENCES

      Addressing Health Disparities in Hispanic Elders in the United States: A Community-Oriented Primary Care (COPC) Approach

      • BACKGROUND
      • THE HEALTH STATUS OF THE COMMUNITY
      • THE INTERVENTION PROGRAM
      • COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT AND INTERSECTORAL COOPERATION
      • LESSONS LEARNED
      • Discussion Questions
      • REFERENCES

      A Community-Oriented Multisector Intervention to Improve Sexual and Reproductive Health and Reduce Violence in Moldova, Eastern Europe

      • BACKGROUND
      • THE HEALTH STATUS OF THE COMMUNITY
      • THE INTERVENTION PROGRAM
      • COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION AND INTERSECTORAL COOPERATION
      • LESSONS LEARNED
      • Discussion Questions
      • REFERENCES

      Community-Oriented Public Health (COPH): The Case of Catalonia, Spain

      • BACKGROUND
      • THE HEALTH STATUS OF THE COMMUNITY
      • THE INTERVENTION PROGRAM
      • COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION AND INTERSECTORAL COOPERATION
      • LESSONS LEARNED
      • Discussion Questions
      • REFERENCES

      Community-Oriented Primary Care (COPC)—Atención Primaria Orientada a la Comunidad (APOC)—and the Development of a Network of Community-Oriented Health Services: The Case of Catalonia, Spain

      • BACKGROUND
      • THE ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE AUPA NETWORK
      • AUPA AND COPC IN THE CATALAN HEALTH SERVICE
      • SPECIFIC FEATURES OF THE COPC PROCESS IN CATALONIA
      • THE FUTURE OF COPC IN CATALONIA
      • LESSONS LEARNED
      • Discussion Questions
      • REFERENCES

      Community-Oriented Primary Care (COPC) in Maternal and Child Health in Jerusalem

      • BACKGROUND
      • THE HEALTH STATUS OF THE COMMUNITY
      • THE INTERVENTION PROGRAM
      • COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION AND INTERSECTORAL COOPERATION
      • LESSONS LEARNED
      • Discussion Questions
      • REFERENCES

      A Community-Oriented Primary Care (COPC) Program for the Control of Cardiovascular Risk Factors: The CHAD Program in Jerusalem

      • BACKGROUND
      • THE HEALTH STATUS OF THE COMMUNITY
      • THE INTERVENTION PROGRAM
      • COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION AND INTERSECTORAL COOPERATION
      • LESSONS LEARNED
      • Discussion Questions
      • REFERENCES

      The Healthy Municipalities Movement in Nocaima, Cundinamarca, Colombia: Academia–Community Partnership in Action

      • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
      • BACKGROUND
      • THE HEALTH STATUS OF THE COMMUNITY
      • THE INTERVENTION PROGRAM
      • COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION AND INTERSECTORAL COOPERATION
      • LESSONS LEARNED
      • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
      • Discussion Questions
      • REFERENCES

      Community-Oriented Primary Care (COPC) in the Integrated Healthcare System of Uruguay

      • BACKGROUND
      • THE HEALTH STATUS OF THE COMMUNITY
      • THE INTERVENTION PROGRAM
      • COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION AND INTERSECTORAL COOPERATION
      • LESSONS LEARNED
      • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
      • Discussion Questions
      • REFERENCES

    Glossary