AN INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNITY HEALTH This title has been archived.

Author: James McKenzie, PhD, MPH, CHES, Robert Pinger, PhD, Jerome Kotecki, HSD
Affiliation: Ball State University, USA
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Publication Date: 2005
ISBN 10: 0763729531
ISBN 13: 9780763729530
Edition: 5th

Description:

The fifth edition of this best-selling introductory text has been updated to reflect the latest trends and statistics in community health in an effort to effectively address the health issues facing today's communities. With emphasis on developing the knowledge and skills necessary for a career in health education, An Introduction to Community Health, Fifth Edition, covers such topics as epidemiology, community organization, program planning, minority health, health care, mental health, environmental health, drugs, safety, and occupational health.

Table of Contents

Front Matter

  • ABOUT
  • PREFACE For the Fifth Edition
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • Photo Credits

UNIT ONE FOUNDATIONS OF COMMUNITY HEALTH

    Community Health: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow

    • Chapter Outline
    • Chapter Objectives
    • SCENARIO
    • INTRODUCTION
    • A BRIEF HISTORY OF COMMUNITY AND PUBLIC HEALTH
    • OUTLOOK FOR COMMUNITY HEALTH IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY
    • CHAPTER SUMMARY
    • SCENARIO: ANALYSIS AND RESPONSE
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • ACTIVITIES
    • COMMUNITY HEALTH ON THE WEB
    • REFERENCES

    Organizations That Help Shape Community Health

    • Chapter Outline
    • Chapter Objectives
    • SCENARIO
    • INTRODUCTION
    • GOVERNMENTAL HEALTH AGENCIES
    • QUASI-GOVERNMENTAL HEALTH ORGANIZATIONS
    • NONGOVERNMENTAL HEALTH AGENCIES
    • CHAPTER SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • SCENARIO: ANALYSIS AND RESPONSE
    • ACTIVITIES
    • COMMUNITY HEALTH ON THE WEB
    • REFERENCES

    Epidemiology: The Study of Disease, Injury, and Death in the Community

    • Chapter Outline
    • Chapter Objectives
    • SCENARIO
    • INTRODUCTION
    • THE IMPORTANCE OF RATES
    • REPORTING OF BIRTHS, DEATHS, AND DISEASES
    • STANDARDIZED MEASUREMENTS OF HEALTH STATUS OF POPULATIONS
    • SOURCES OF STANDARDIZED DATA
    • EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES
    • CHAPTER SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • SCENARIO: ANALYSIS AND RESPONSE
    • ACTIVITIES
    • COMMUNITY HEALTH ON THE WEB
    • REFERENCES

    Epidemiology: Prevention and Control of Diseases and Health Conditions

    • Chapter Outline
    • Chapter Objectives
    • SCENARIO
    • INTRODUCTION
    • CLASSIFICATION OF DISEASES AND HEALTH PROBLEMS
    • COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
    • NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES
    • PRIORITIZING PREVENTION AND CONTROL EFFORTS
    • PREVENTION, INTERVENTION, CONTROL, AND ERADICATION OF DISEASES
    • LEVELS OF PREVENTION
    • CHAPTER SUMMARY
    • SCENARIO: ANALYSIS AND RESPONSE
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • ACTIVITIES
    • COMMUNITY HEALTH ON THE WEB
    • REFERENCES

    Community Organizing/ Building and Health Promotion Programming

    • Chapter Outline
    • Chapter Objectives
    • SCENARIO
    • INTRODUCTION
    • COMMUNITY ORGANIZING/BUILDING
    • THE PROCESS OF COMMUNITY ORGANIZING/BUILDING
    • HEALTH PROMOTION PROGRAMMING
    • CREATING A HEALTH PROMOTION PROGRAM
    • CHAPTER SUMMARY
    • SCENARIO: ANALYSIS AND RESPONSE
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • ACTIVITIES
    • COMMUNITY HEALTH ON THE WEB
    • REFERENCES

    The School Health Program: A Component of Community Health

    • Chapter Outline
    • Chapter Objectives
    • SCENARIO
    • INTRODUCTION
    • THE NEED FOR SCHOOL HEALTH
    • FOUNDATIONS OF THE SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAM
    • SCHOOL HEALTH POLICIES
    • COMPONENTS OF A COORDINATED SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAM
    • ISSUES AND CONCERNS FACING THE SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAM
    • CHAPTER SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • ACTIVITIES
    • SCENARIO: ANALYSIS AND RESPONSE
    • COMMUNITY HEALTH ON THE WEB
    • REFERENCES

UNIT TWO THE NATION’S HEALTH

    Maternal, Infant, and Child Health

    • Chapter Outline
    • Chapter Objectives
    • SCENARIO
    • INTRODUCTION
    • FAMILY AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
    • MATERNAL HEALTH
    • INFANT HEALTH
    • CHILD HEALTH
    • COMMUNITY PROGRAMS FOR WOMEN, INFANTS, AND CHILDREN
    • CHAPTER SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • ACTIVITIES
    • SCENARIO: ANALYSIS AND RESPONSE
    • COMMUNITY HEALTH ON THE WEB
    • REFERENCES

    Adolescents, Young Adults, and Adults

    • Chapter Outline
    • Chapter Objectives
    • SCENARIO
    • INTRODUCTION
    • ADOLESCENTS AND YOUNG ADULTS
    • Community Health Strategies for Improving the Health of Adolescents and Young Adults
    • ADULTS
    • CHAPTER SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • ACTIVITIES
    • COMMUNITY HEALTH ON THE WEB
    • SCENARIO: ANALYSIS AND RESPONSE
    • REFERENCES

    Elders

    • Chapter Outline
    • Chapter Objectives
    • SCENARIO
    • INTRODUCTION
    • MYTHS SURROUNDING AGING
    • DEMOGRAPHY OF AGING
    • A HEALTH PROFILE OF ELDERS
    • INSTRUMENTAL NEEDS OF ELDERS
    • CHAPTER SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • ACTIVITIES
    • SCENARIO: ANALYSIS AND RESPONSE
    • COMMUNITY HEALTH ON THE WEB
    • REFERENCES

    Community Health and Minorities

    • Chapter Outline
    • Chapter Objectives
    • SCENARIO
    • INTRODUCTION
    • RACIAL AND ETHNIC CLASSIFICATIONS
    • HEALTH DATA SOURCES AND THEIR LIMITATIONS
    • BLACK AMERICANS
    • AMERICANS OF HISPANIC ORIGIN
    • ASIAN AMERICANS AND PACIFIC ISLANDERS
    • NATIVE AMERICANS AND ALASKA NATIVES
    • REFUGEES: THE NEW IMMIGRANTS
    • RACE AND HEALTH INITIATIVE
    • SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS AND RACIAL AND ETHNIC DISPARITIES IN HEALTH
    • EQUITY IN MINORITY HEALTH
    • CHAPTER SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • ACTIVITIES
    • COMMUNITY HEALTH ON THE WEB
    • SCENARIO: ANALYSIS AND RESPONSE
    • REFERENCES

    Community Mental Health

    • Chapter Outline
    • Chapter Objectives
    • SCENARIO
    • INTRODUCTION
    • MENTAL ILLNESS IN AMERICA
    • HISTORY OF MENTAL HEALTH CARE IN AMERICA
    • MENTAL HEALTH CARE IN AMERICA TODAY
    • CHAPTER SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • SCENARIO: ANALYSIS AND RESPONSE
    • ACTIVITIES
    • COMMUNITY HEALTH ON THE WEB
    • REFERENCES

    Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs: A Community Concern

    • Chapter Outline
    • Chapter Objectives
    • SCENARIO
    • INTRODUCTION
    • FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, AND OTHER DRUG ABUSE
    • TYPES OF DRUGS ABUSED AND RESULTING PROBLEMS
    • PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF DRUG ABUSE
    • CHAPTER SUMMARY
    • SCENARIO: ANALYSIS AND RESPONSE
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • ACTIVITIES
    • COMMUNITY HEALTH ON THE WEB
    • REFERENCES

UNIT THREE HEALTH CARE DELIVERY

    Health Care System: Structure

    • Chapter Outline
    • Chapter Objectives
    • SCENARIO
    • INTRODUCTION
    • A BRIEF HISTORY OF HEALTH CARE DELIVERY IN THE UNITED STATES
    • THE SPECTRUM OF HEALTH CARE DELIVERY
    • TYPES OF HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS
    • HEALTH CARE FACILITIES AND THEIR ACCREDITATION
    • CHAPTER SUMMARY
    • SCENARIO: ANALYSIS AND RESPONSE
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • ACTIVITIES
    • COMMUNITY HEALTH ON THE WEB
    • REFERENCES

    Health Care System: Function

    • Chapter Outline
    • Chapter Objectives
    • SCENARIO
    • INTRODUCTION
    • GAINING ACCESS TO AND PAYING FOR HEALTH CARE IN THE UNITED STATES
    • HEALTH INSURANCE
    • HEALTH INSURANCE PROVIDED BY THE GOVERNMENT
    • SUPPLEMENTAL HEALTH INSURANCE
    • MANAGED CARE
    • OTHER ARRANGEMENTS FOR DELIVERING HEALTH CARE
    • HEALTH CARE REFORM IN THE UNITED STATES
    • CHAPTER SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • ACTIVITIES
    • SCENARIO: ANALYSIS AND RESPONSE
    • COMMUNITY HEALTH ON THE WEB
    • REFERENCES

UNIT FOUR ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY

    Environmental Concerns: Wastes and Pollution

    • Chapter Outline
    • Chapter Objectives
    • SCENARIO
    • INTRODUCTION
    • NATURAL ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS
    • RESIDUES AND WASTES FROM HUMAN ACTIVITIES
    • TYPES OF WASTES AND POLLUTION
    • CHAPTER SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • SCENARIO: ANALYSIS AND RESPONSE
    • ACTIVITIES
    • COMMUNITY HEALTH ON THE WEB
    • REFERENCES

    The Impact of Environment on Human Health

    • Chapter Outline
    • Chapter Objectives
    • SCENARIO
    • INTRODUCTION
    • BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS AND HUMAN HEALTH
    • CHEMICAL HAZARDS AND HUMAN HEALTH
    • PHYSICAL HAZARDS AND HUMAN HEALTH
    • PSYCHOLOGICAL HAZARDS AND HUMAN HEALTH
    • SOCIOLOGICAL HAZARDS AND HUMAN HEALTH
    • SITE AND LOCATION HAZARDS AND HUMAN HEALTH
    • CHAPTER SUMMARY
    • SCENARIO: ANALYSIS AND RESPONSE
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • ACTIVITIES
    • COMMUNITY HEALTH ON THE WEB
    • REFERENCES

    Injuries as a Community Health Problem

    • Chapter Outline
    • Chapter Objectives
    • SCENARIO
    • INTRODUCTION
    • UNINTENTIONAL INJURIES
    • INTENTIONAL INJURIES
    • CHAPTER SUMMARY
    • SCENARIO: ANALYSIS AND RESPONSE
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • ACTIVITIES
    • COMMUNITY HEALTH ON THE WEB
    • REFERENCES

    Safety and Health in the Workplace

    • Chapter Outline
    • Chapter Objectives
    • SCENARIO
    • INTRODUCTION
    • HISTORY OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROBLEMS
    • PREVALENCE OF OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES, DISEASES, AND DEATHS
    • RESOURCES FOR THE PREVENTION OF WORKPLACE INJURIES AND DISEASES
    • CHAPTER SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • SCENARIO: ANALYSIS AND RESPONSE
    • ACTIVITIES
    • COMMUNITY HEALTH ON THE WEB
    • REFERENCES

Appendix 1 Retrospective Studies: How to Calculate an Odds Ratio

Appendix 2 Operational Definitions for the 1990 Census

Appendix 3 Revised Operational Definitions for 1997

Appendix 4 Self-Assessment Checklist Promoting Cultural Diversity and Cultural Competency

Glossary Terms