FOUNDATIONS OF NURSING RESEARCH

Author: Rose Nieswiadomy, PhD, RN
Affiliation: Texas Woman's University, College of Nursing
Publisher: Pearson Health Science
Publication Date: 2012
ISBN 10: 0132118572
ISBN 13: 9780132118576
Edition: 6th

Description:

FOUNDATIONS IN NURSING RESEARCH, 6/e, an engaging, learner-friendly text, illuminates all steps of the nursing research process, helping students critique research and determine whether study findings are ready to apply in practice. To illustrate specific aspects of the research process, the author extensively excerpts from published studies, including research performed outside the U.S. Pedagogical features include chapter outlines, objectives, definitions of key terms, summaries, class activities, and self-tests. This Sixth Edition has been revised with up-to-date information and references throughout; more coverage of both quantitative and qualitative research; greater focus on evidence-based practice; and an all-new chapter on nursing research and health care economics.

Table of Contents

Front Matter

  • ABOUT
  • DEDICATION
  • Success in the Classroom, Clinical, and on NCLEX ®
  • Creating a Floor-Ready Nurse
  • Contributor
  • Reviewers
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments

PART I Introduction to Nursing Research

    Development of Nursing Research

    • OUTLINE
    • OBJECTIVES
    • NEW TERMS DEFINED IN THIS CHAPTER
    • IMPORTANCE OF NURSING RESEARCH
    • DEFINITIONS OF NURSING RESEARCH
    • SOURCES OF NURSING KNOWLEDGE
    • SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH
    • PURPOSES OF NURSING RESEARCH
    • FUNDING FOR NURSING RESEARCH
    • GOALS FOR CONDUCTING NURSING RESEARCH
    • QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
    • OUTCOMES RESEARCH
    • EDUCATIONAL PREPARATION FOR NURSING RESEARCH
    • ROLES OF NURSES IN RESEARCH
    • HISTORY OF NURSING RESEARCH
    • RESEARCH PRIORITIES FOR THE FUTURE
    • NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF NURSING RESEARCH
    • THE COCHRANE COLLABORATION AND THE COCHRANE NURSING CARE FIELD
    • SUMMARY
    • NURSING RESEARCH ON THE WEB
    • GET INVOLVED ACTIVITIES
    • SELF-TEST
    • REFERENCES

    Ethical Issues in Nursing Research

    • OUTLINE
    • OBJECTIVES
    • NEW TERMS DEFINED IN THIS CHAPTER
    • DEVELOPMENT OF ETHICAL CODES AND GUIDELINES
    • RESEARCH GUIDELINES FOR NURSES
    • MISCONDUCT IN RESEARCH
    • ELEMENTS OF INFORMED CONSENT
    • DOCUMENTATION OF INFORMED CONSENT
    • THE NURSE RESEARCHER AS A PATIENT ADVOCATE
    • CRITIQUING THE ETHICAL ASPECTS OF A STUDY
    • SUMMARY
    • NURSING RESEARCH ON THE WEB
    • GET INVOLVED ACTIVITIES
    • SELF-TEST
    • REFERENCES

    An Overview of Quantitative Research

    • OUTLINE
    • OBJECTIVES
    • NEW TERMS DEFINED IN THIS CHAPTER
    • STEPS IN QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH
    • SUMMARY
    • NURSING RESEARCH ON THE WEB
    • GET INVOLVED ACTIVITIES
    • SELF-TEST
    • REFERENCES

    An Overview of Qualitative Research

    • OUTLINE
    • OBJECTIVES
    • NEW TERMS DEFINED IN THIS CHAPTER
    • COMPARISON OF QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH
    • TYPES OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
    • STEPS IN QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
    • COMBINING QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE METHODS
    • SUMMARY
    • NURSING RESEARCH ON THE WEB
    • GET INVOLVED ACTIVITIES
    • SELF-TEST
    • REFERENCES

PART II Preliminary Steps in the Research Process

    Identifying Nursing Research Problems

    • OUTLINE
    • OBJECTIVES
    • NEW TERMS DEFINED IN THIS CHAPTER
    • SOURCES OF NURSING RESEARCH PROBLEMS
    • RESEARCH PROBLEM CONSIDERATIONS
    • RESEARCH QUESTION CRITERIA
    • RESEARCH QUESTION FORMAT
    • CRITIQUING PROBLEM STATEMENTS, PURPOSE STATEMENTS, AND RESEARCH QUESTIONS
    • SUMMARY
    • NURSING RESEARCH ON THE WEB
    • GET INVOLVED ACTIVITIES
    • SELF-TEST
    • REFERENCES

    Review of the Literature

    • OUTLINE
    • OBJECTIVES
    • NEW TERMS DEFINED IN THIS CHAPTER
    • PURPOSES OF THE LITERATURE REVIEW
    • USE OF THE LIBRARY
    • PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SOURCES
    • GREY LITERATURE
    • PRINT SOURCES
    • ELECTRONIC SOURCES
    • OBTAINING INFORMATION FROM LITERATURE SOURCES
    • CRITIQUING THE LITERATURE REVIEW SECTION OF RESEARCH ARTICLES
    • SUMMARY
    • NURSING RESEARCH ON THE WEB
    • GET INVOLVED ACTIVITIES
    • SELF-TEST
    • REFERENCES

    Theory and Nursing Research

    • OUTLINE
    • OBJECTIVES
    • NEW TERMS DEFINED IN THIS CHAPTER
    • THEORY TERMINOLOGY
    • NURSING CONCEPTUAL MODELS
    • THEORETICAL AND CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORKS
    • THEORY GENERATION AND DEVELOPMENT
    • TYPES OF THEORIES
    • SOURCES OF THEORIES FOR NURSING RESEARCH
    • THEORY TESTING IN NURSING RESEARCH
    • CRITIQUING THE STUDY FRAMEWORK
    • SUMMARY
    • NURSING RESEARCH ON THE WEB
    • GET INVOLVED ACTIVITIES
    • SELF-TEST
    • REFERENCES

    Hypotheses

    • OUTLINE
    • OBJECTIVES
    • NEW TERMS DEFINED IN THIS CHAPTER
    • PURPOSES OF HYPOTHESES
    • SOURCES OR RATIONALE FOR STUDY HYPOTHESES
    • CLASSIFICATIONS OF HYPOTHESES
    • HYPOTHESIS CRITERIA
    • HYPOTHESIS FORMAT
    • HYPOTHESES AND THEORY TESTING
    • CRITIQUING HYPOTHESES
    • SUMMARY
    • NURSING RESEARCH ON THE WEB
    • GET INVOLVED ACTIVITIES
    • SELF-TEST
    • REFERENCES

PART III Research Designs

    Quantitative Research Designs

    • OUTLINE
    • OBJECTIVES
    • NEW TERMS DEFINED IN THIS CHAPTER
    • EXPLORATORY, DESCRIPTIVE, AND EXPLANATORY STUDIES
    • RESEARCH DESIGNS
    • EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH
    • VALIDITY OF EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS
    • SYMBOLIC PRESENTATION OF RESEARCH DESIGNS
    • TYPES OF EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS
    • NONEXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH
    • TYPES OF NONEXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS
    • SETTINGS FOR RESEARCH
    • CRITIQUING QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH DESIGNS
    • SUMMARY
    • NURSING RESEARCH ON THE WEB
    • GET INVOLVED ACTIVITIES
    • SELF-TEST
    • REFERENCES

    Qualitative Research Designs

    • OUTLINE
    • OBJECTIVES
    • NEW TERMS DEFINED IN THIS CHAPTER
    • QUALITATIVE RESEARCH DESIGNS
    • CRITIQUING QUALITATIVE RESEARCH DESIGNS
    • SUMMARY
    • NURSING RESEARCH ON THE WEB
    • GET INVOLVED ACTIVITIES
    • SELF-TEST
    • REFERENCES

PART IV Obtaining Study Participants and Collection of Data

    Populations and Samples

    • OUTLINE
    • OBJECTIVES
    • NEW TERMS DEFINED IN THIS CHAPTER
    • POPULATION
    • SAMPLES
    • TYPES OF SAMPLING METHODS
    • TIME FRAME FOR STUDYING THE SAMPLE
    • SAMPLE SIZE
    • SAMPLING ERROR AND SAMPLING BIAS
    • RANDOMIZATION PROCEDURES IN RESEARCH
    • CRITIQUING THE SAMPLING PROCEDURE
    • SUMMARY
    • NURSING RESEARCH ON THE WEB
    • GET INVOLVED ACTIVITIES
    • SELF-TEST
    • REFERENCES

    Measurement and Data Collection

    • OUTLINE
    • OBJECTIVES
    • NEW TERMS DEFINED IN THIS CHAPTER
    • MEASUREMENT PRINCIPLES
    • LEVEL OF MEASUREMENT
    • CONVERTING DATA TO A LOWER LEVEL OF MEASUREMENT
    • DETERMINING THE APPROPRIATE LEVEL OF MEASUREMENT
    • DATA-COLLECTION PROCESS
    • DATA-COLLECTION METHODS
    • DATA-COLLECTION INSTRUMENTS
    • CRITERIA FOR SELECTION OF A DATA-COLLECTION INSTRUMENT
    • SOURCES OF ERROR IN DATA COLLECTION
    • PREPARING DATA FOR ANALYSIS
    • USE OF A STATISTICAL CONSULTANT
    • CRITIQUING DATA-COLLECTION PROCEDURES
    • SUMMARY
    • NURSING RESEARCH ON THE WEB
    • GET INVOLVED ACTIVITIES
    • SELF-TEST
    • REFERENCES

    Data-Collection Methods

    • OUTLINE
    • OBJECTIVES
    • NEW TERMS DEFINED IN THIS CHAPTER
    • QUESTIONNAIRES
    • INTERVIEWS
    • OBSERVATION METHODS
    • PHYSIOLOGICAL MEASURES
    • ATTITUDE SCALES
    • PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS
    • Q SORT
    • DELPHI TECHNIQUE
    • VISUAL ANALOGUE SCALE
    • PREEXISTING DATA
    • CRITIQUING DATA-COLLECTION METHODS
    • SUMMARY
    • NURSING RESEARCH ON THE WEB
    • GET INVOLVED ACTIVITIES
    • SELF-TEST
    • REFERENCES

PART V Data Analysis

    Descriptive Statistics

    • OUTLINE
    • OBJECTIVES
    • NEW TERMS DEFINED IN THIS CHAPTER
    • STATISTICAL SYMBOLS
    • CLASSIFICATIONS OF STATISTICS
    • DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS
    • INTRAOCULAR METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS
    • SUMMARY
    • NURSING RESEARCH ON THE WEB
    • GET INVOLVED ACTIVITIES
    • SELF-TEST
    • REFERENCES

    Inferential Statistics

    • OUTLINE
    • OBJECTIVES
    • NEW TERMS DEFINED IN THIS CHAPTER
    • PURPOSES OF INFERENTIAL STATISTICS
    • TYPE I AND TYPE II ERRORS
    • PARAMETRIC AND NONPARAMETRIC STATISTICAL TESTS
    • POWER OF A STATISTICAL TEST
    • STATISTICAL TESTS USED IN NURSING RESEARCH
    • TESTING THE SIGNIFICANCE OF CORRELATION COEFFICIENTS
    • ADVANCED STATISTICAL TESTS
    • CRITIQUING INFERENTIAL STATISTICS IN RESEARCH REPORTS
    • SUMMARY
    • NURSING RESEARCH ON THE WEB
    • GET INVOLVED ACTIVITIES
    • SELF-TEST
    • REFERENCES

    Presentation and Discussion of Study Findings

    • OUTLINE
    • OBJECTIVES
    • NEW TERMS DEFINED IN THIS CHAPTER
    • FINDINGS OF THE STUDY
    • PRESENTATION OF FINDINGS
    • DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS
    • DISCUSSION OF STUDY HYPOTHESES
    • STATISTICAL AND CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE
    • CONCLUSIONS
    • IMPLICATIONS
    • RECOMMENDATIONS
    • ETHICAL ISSUES IN PRESENTING RESEARCH FINDINGS
    • CRITIQUING THE PRESENTATION OF STUDY FINDINGS
    • SUMMARY
    • NURSING RESEARCH ON THE WEB
    • GET INVOLVED ACTIVITIES
    • SELF-TEST
    • REFERENCES

PART VI Research Findings and Nursing Practice

    Communication and Utilization of Nursing Research

    • OUTLINE
    • OBJECTIVES
    • NEW TERMS DEFINED IN THIS CHAPTER
    • COMMUNICATION OF NURSING RESEARCH FINDINGS
    • UTILIZATION OF NURSING RESEARCH FINDINGS
    • SUMMARY
    • NURSING RESEARCH ON THE WEB
    • GET INVOLVED ACTIVITIES
    • SELF-TEST
    • REFERENCES

    Evidence-Based Nursing Practice

    • OUTLINE
    • OBJECTIVES
    • NEW TERMS DEFINED IN THIS CHAPTER
    • HISTORY OF EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE
    • THE COCHRANE COLLABORATION
    • COCHRANE NURSING CARE FIELD
    • AGENCY FOR HEALTHCARE RESEARCH AND QUALITY
    • EVIDENCE-BASED NURSING PRACTICE
    • ASKING CLINICAL QUESTIONS
    • EVIDENCE-BASED NURSING PRACTICE CENTERS
    • SOURCES OF EVIDENCE FOR PRACTICE
    • CONSIDERATIONS FOR THE FUTURE
    • SUMMARY
    • NURSING RESEARCH ON THE WEB
    • GET INVOLVED ACTIVITIES
    • SELF-TEST
    • REFERENCES

    Nursing Research and Health Care Economics

    • OUTLINE
    • OBJECTIVES
    • NEW TERMS DEFINED IN THIS CHAPTER
    • HEALTH CARE ECONOMICS AND NURSING
    • NURSING RESEARCH COST-EFFECTIVENESS STUDIES
    • NEED FOR MORE RESEARCH STUDIES ON NURSING CARE
    • SUMMARY
    • NURSING RESEARCH ON THE WEB
    • GET INVOLVED ACTIVITIES
    • SELF-TEST
    • REFERENCES

    Critique of Research Reports

    • OUTLINE
    • OBJECTIVES
    • CRIQITUING QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH REPORTS
    • CRITIQUING QUALITATIVE RESEARCH REPORTS
    • SUMMARY
    • REFERENCES

    Answers to Self-Tests

    • Chapter 1
    • Chapter 2
    • Chapter 3
    • Chapter 4
    • Chapter 5
    • Chapter 6
    • Chapter 7
    • Chapter 8
    • Chapter 9
    • Chapter 10
    • Chapter 11
    • Chapter 12
    • Chapter 13
    • Chapter 14
    • Chapter 15
    • Chapter 16
    • Chapter 17
    • Chapter 18
    • Chapter 19

Appendix A Consent Form

Appendix B Critiquing Exercise

Glossary