ENCYCLOPEDIA OF MOVEMENT DISORDERS

Author: Leo Metman, and Katie Kompoliti
Affiliation: Rush University Medical Center; Chicago, IL
Publisher: Elsevier Science and Technology
Publication Date: 2010
ISBN 10: 0123741017
ISBN 13: 9780123741011
Edition: 1st

Description:

The Encyclopedia of Movement Disorders is a comprehensive reference work on movement disorders, encompassing a wide variety of topics in neurology, neurosurgery, psychiatry and pharmacology. This compilation will feature more than 300 focused entries, including sections on different disease states, pathophysiology, epidemiology, genetics, clinical presentation, diagnostic tools, as well as discussions on relevant basic science topics. This Encyclopedia is an essential addition to any collection, written to be accessible for both the clinical and non-clinical reader. Academic clinicians, translational researchers and basic scientists are brought together to connect experimental findings made in the laboratory to the clinical features, pathophysiology and treatment of movement disorders. The Encyclopedia targets a broad readership, ranging from students to general physicians, basic scientists and Movement Disorder specialists. Published both in print and via Elsevier's online platform of Science Direct, this Encyclopedia will have the enhanced option of integrating traditional print with online multimedia.

Table of Contents

Front Matter

  • ABOUT
  • Notice
  • PREFACE
  • EDITOR’S BIO
  • EDITORIAL BOARD
  • CONTRIBUTORS
  • 3-Nitropropionic Acid
  • 6-OH Dopamine Rat Model

A

  • Abetalipoproteinemia (ABL)
  • Accelerometry
  • Acetylcholine
  • Actigraphy
  • Akathisia
  • Akinetic-Rigid Syndrome
  • Alexander Disease
  • Alien Limb
  • Alpha-2 Adrenergic Agonists in Tic Disorders
  • Alpha-Synuclein
  • Aluminum
  • Alzheimer’s Disease and Parkinsonism
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/Parkinsonism-Dementia Complex of Three Pacific Isolates
  • Anticholinergics and Movement Disorders
  • Antidepressants and Movement Disorders
  • Applause Sign
  • Approximate Entropy
  • Aprataxin
  • Apraxia: Upper Limb
  • Aromatic Amino Acid Decarboxylase Deficiency
  • Asterixis
  • Ataxia
  • Ataxia (Familial Cerebellar) with Muscle CoQ 10 Deficiency
  • Ataxia with Isolated Vitamin E Deficiency
  • Ataxia-Telangiectasia
  • Ataxin
  • Athetosis
  • ATM Gene
  • Atrophin-1
  • Autonomic Dysfunction

B

  • Basal Ganglia
  • Basal Ganglia, Functional Organization
  • Beam Walking Test
  • Belly Dancer’s Dyskinesia
  • Benign Paroxysmal Torticollis of Infancy
  • Benzodiazepines and Movement Disorders
  • Beta-blockers and Movement Disorders
  • Binswanger’s Subcortical Arteriosclerotic Encephalopathy
  • Blepharospasm
  • Blood Oxygenation Level Dependent (BOLD)
  • Botulinum Toxin
  • Braak Classification
  • Bradykinesia
  • Bradyphrenia
  • Brainstem Reticular Myoclonus
  • Bruxism

C

  • Caenorhabditis Elegans
  • Camptocormia
  • Cannabinoids
  • CAPIT, CAPSIT
  • Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
  • Caspases and Neuronal Cell Death
  • Cayman Ataxia
  • Central Nervous System Stimulants and Movement Disorders
  • Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis
  • Cervical Dystonia
  • Cholinesterase Inhibitors in Parkinson’s Disease
  • Chorea
  • Chorea–acanthocytosis
  • Chorea Gravidarum
  • Choreiform Disorders
  • Climbing Behavior
  • Cock-walk
  • Co-enzyme Q 10
  • Cognitive Assessments and Parkinson’s Disease
  • Other Considerations for Neuropsychological Assessment
  • Complex I Deficiency
  • Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
  • COMT Inhibitors in the Treatment of Parkinson’s Disease
  • Concentric Needle EMG
  • Confocal Microscopy
  • Cortical Myoclonus
  • Cortical Sensory Dysfunction and the Parietal Lobe
  • Cortical Tremor
  • Corticobasal Degeneration
  • Creutzfeldt–Jacob Disease
  • Cyanides
  • Cylinder Test (Paw Reach Test)
  • Cystatin B

D

  • Deep Brain Stimulation
  • Dementia with Lewy Bodies
  • Dementia, Movement Disorders
  • Dentatorubropallidoluysian Atrophy
  • Depression and Parkinsonism
  • Diffusion Tensor Imaging in Parkinson’s Disease
  • Direct Pathway
  • Dopa-decarboxylase Inhibitors
  • Dopamine
  • Dopamine Depletors and Movement Disorders
  • Dopamine Dysregulation Syndrome
  • Dopamine Receptors
  • Dopamine Transporter: Aging and Parkinson’s Disease
  • Dopaminergic Agonists in Parkinson’s Disease
  • Drosophila Models of Parkinson’s Disease
  • Drug-induced Movement Disorders
  • Dysarthria
  • Dyskinesias
  • Dyskinesias: Animal Models
  • Dysphagia
  • Dystonia
  • Dystonia in Amish-Mennonite and Mennonite Families
  • Dystonia, Drug-induced (Acute)
  • Dystonia, Secondary
  • Dystonia, Task-specific
  • Dystonia, Traumatic
  • Dystonia: Animal Models
  • Dystonic Storm
  • DYT1
  • DYT2, Autosomal Recessive Generalized Dystonia
  • DYT3, X-linked Dystonia-parkinsonism (Lubag)
  • DYT4, Autosomal Dominant Type Dystonia or Whispering Dysphonia
  • DYT5
  • DYT6, Mixed Phenotype Primary Dystonia
  • DYT7, Autosomal Dominant Focal Dystonia
  • DYT8, Paroxysmal Non-kinesiogenic Dyskinesia-PNKD
  • DYT9, Paroxysmal Dyskinesia with Spasticity
  • DYT10, Paroxysmal Kinesiogenic Dyskinesia-PKD
  • DYT11, DYT15, Myoclonus-dystonia
  • DYT12, Rapid Onset Dystonia-parkinsonism
  • DYT13, Cranio-Cervical-Brachial

E

  • Electroencephalography (EEG)
  • Electromyography (EMG)
  • Encephalitis Lethargica and Postencephalitic Parkinsonism
  • Epilepsia Partialis Continua
  • Essential Tremor: Animal Models
  • Event-Related Potentials: Slow Potentials
  • Executive Dysfunction
  • Eye Movement Abnormalities in Movement Disorders
  • Eyelid Opening Apraxia
  • Eye-of-the-Tiger Sign

F

  • Factitious Disorders
  • Fahn–Marsden Rating Scale
  • Foot Print Analysis
  • Fragile X-Associated Tremor/Ataxia Syndrome (FXTAS)
  • Freezing of Gait
  • Friedreich’s Ataxia and Variants
  • Friedreich’s Ataxia Rating Scale (FARS)
  • Frontotemporal Dementia-Parkinsonism
  • Fumarase Deficiency

G

  • GABA and Movement Disorders
  • Gait Disturbances in Parkinsonism
  • Gait Ignition Failure
  • Gaucher’s Disease
  • GDNF (including Nurturin)
  • Gene Microarrays
  • Generalized Primary Torsion Dystonia
  • Geste Antagonistique
  • Glabellar Reflex
  • Glial Cell Activation in PD
  • Glial Cytoplasmic Inclusions
  • Glucocerebrosidase Gene Mutations and Parkinsonism
  • Gluten Ataxia
  • GM1 Type 3 Gangliosidosis
  • GM2 Gangliosidosis

H

  • Hallervorden–Spatz Syndrome (PKAN)
  • Hallucinations and Movement Disorders
  • Hand-reach Task
  • Harmaline Tremor Model
  • Hemiatrophy Hemiparkinsonism
  • Hemiballismus
  • Hemifacial Spasm
  • HIV Infection and Movement Disorders
  • Hoehn and Yahr Staging Scale
  • Hot-Cross Bun Sign
  • H-reflex
  • Huntington, George
  • Huntington’s Disease: Genetics
  • Huntington’s Disease-like 2
  • Huntington’s Disease
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Hyperekplexia
  • Hypophonia
  • Hypoprebetalipoproteinemia, Acanthocytosis, Retinitis Pigmentosa, and Pallidal Degeneration (HARP Syndrome)

I

  • Idebenone and Friedreich Ataxia
  • Immunophilin Ligands
  • Indirect Pathway
  • Inflammation and Parkinson’s Disease
  • International Cooperative Ataxia Rating Scale (ICARS)
  • Interspike Interval
  • Intra-Individual Variability in Movement

J

  • Jumping Frenchmen of Maine
  • Jumpy Stumps and Phantom Dyskinesias
  • Junctophilin
  • Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy
  • Juvenile Parkinsonism

K

  • Kainic Acid Model of Dystonia
  • Kayser–Fleischer
  • Kernicterus
  • Kinesia Paradoxica
  • Kuru

L

  • Lafora Disease
  • Lance–Adams Syndrome
  • Latah
  • Leaner Mouse
  • Leigh Syndrome
  • Lesch–Nyhan Disease
  • Levodopa
  • Lick-force Rhythm Test
  • Locus Coeruleus and Norepinephrine
  • Lupus Chorea

M

  • Magnetoencephalography (MEG)
  • Malingering
  • Manganese
  • Marinesco-Sjogren’s Syndrome
  • McLeod Syndrome
  • Meige’s Syndrome
  • Melanin
  • Mercury
  • Metachromatic Leukodystrophy
  • Micrographia
  • Milkmaid’s Grip
  • Mitochondrial Dysfunction
  • Mitochondrial Encephalopathies
  • MMSE - Mini-Mental State Examination
  • Monoamine Oxidase Type B Inhibitors
  • Motor Evoked Potential
  • Motor Fluctuations
  • Motor Impersistence
  • Motor Output Variability
  • Motor Unit
  • Motor Unit Synchronization
  • Movement Disorders: Overview
  • Movement Time
  • MPTP
  • Multiple System Atrophy
  • Multiple System Atrophy: Animal Models
  • Myoclonic Epilepsy with Ragged Red Fibers (MERRF)
  • Myoclonus
  • Myoclonus, Animal Models
  • Myoclonus, Epileptic
  • Myoclonus-Dystonia/Essential Myoclonus
  • Myokymia
  • Myorhythmia
  • Myriachit

N

  • Neural Networks
  • Neuroacanthocytosis Syndromes
  • Neuroferritinopathy
  • Neurofibrillary Tangles
  • Neurogenic Muscle Weakness, Ataxia, and Retinitis Pigmentosa (NARP)
  • Neuroimaging, Parkinson’s Disease
  • Neuroleptic-induced Nonhuman Primate Models of EPS and TD
  • Neuroleptics and Movement Disorders
  • Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis
  • Neuroprotection in Movement Disorders
  • Nicotine
  • Niemann–Pick Type C
  • Nitric Oxide
  • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus
  • NR4A Subfamily

O

  • Object Retrieval-detour Task
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
  • Oculomasticatory Myorhythmia
  • Olivopontocerebellar Atrophy
  • Opioid System
  • Opsoclonus-Myoclonus Syndrome
  • Oral Dyskinesia
  • Oxidative Stress and Movement Disorders

P

  • Painful Limbs Moving Extremities (PLME)
  • Paired Pulse TMS
  • Palatal Myoclonus
  • Palatal Tremor
  • Pallido-Nigro-Luysian Degeneration
  • Pallidotomy for Parkinson’s Disease
  • PANDAS
  • Paraneoplastic Movement Disorders
  • Paratonia (Gegenhalten)
  • PARK1, Alpha Synuclein
  • PARK2, parkin
  • PARK3
  • PARK5, UCH-L1
  • PARK6, PINK1
  • PARK7, DJ1
  • PARK8, LRRK2 (Dardarin)
  • Parkinson Hyperpyrexia Syndrome
  • Parkinson, James
  • Parkinson’s Disease Quesionniare-39 (PDQ-39)
  • Parkinson’s Disease: Definition, Diagnosis, and Management
  • Parkinsonism: Genetics
  • Parkinsonism: Vascular
  • Parkinson’s Disease: Animal Models
  • Parkinson’s Disease: Genetics
  • Paroxysmal Exertion-induced Dyskinesia
  • Paroxysmal Movement Disorders
  • Pelizaeus–Merzbacher Disease
  • Periodic Limb Movements
  • Pesticides
  • PET Imaging in Movement Disorders
  • Pisa Syndrome
  • Postpump Chorea
  • Postural Tremor
  • Press-while-licking Task
  • Primary Orthostatic Tremor
  • Primary Progressive Freezing Gait
  • Primidone and Movement Disorders
  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy
  • Propionic Acidemia
  • Propriospinal Myoclonus
  • Proteasome Function in Movement Disorders
  • Pseudoathetosis
  • Pseudobulbar Symptoms
  • Psychogenic Movement Disorders
  • Psychosis in Parkinsonism
  • Punding (PD)

Q

  • Quinolinic Acid

R

  • Rabbit Syndrome
  • Ramisectomy
  • Rating Scales in Movement Disorders
  • Reaction Time
  • Recessive Hereditary Methemoglobinemia Type II
  • Refsum Disease- a Disorder of Peroxisomal Alpha-oxidation
  • REM-behavior Disorder
  • Rest Tremor
  • Restless Legs Syndrome
  • Rett Syndrome
  • Rhizotomy
  • Rigidity
  • RNA Interference
  • Rotation, Drug-induced
  • Roussy–Levy Disease
  • rTMS

S

  • Sacsin
  • SCA1
  • SCA2
  • SCA3, Machado–Joseph Disease
  • SCA4
  • SCA5
  • SCA6
  • SCA7, Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Macular Dystrophy
  • SCA8
  • SCA10
  • SCA11
  • SCA12
  • SCA13, 14, 15, and 16
  • SCA17
  • SCA27
  • Scale for the Assessment and Rating of Ataxia (SARA)
  • Schwab and England Activities of Daily Living Scale
  • Senataxin
  • Senile Chorea
  • Serotonin and Tryptophan
  • Serotonin Syndrome
  • Shy–Drager Syndrome
  • Sialidosis
  • Single Pulse TMS
  • Sleep Attacks
  • Somatoform Disorders
  • Spasm
  • Spasmodic Dysphonia: Focal Laryngeal Dystonia
  • Spastic Paraparesis
  • SPECT Imaging in Movement Disorders
  • Spinal Segmental Myoclonus
  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 26
  • Spinocerebellar Ataxias Genetics
  • St. Vitus Dance
  • Staircase (Skilled Reaching) Test
  • Stem Cells
  • Stepping (Forelimb Akinesia) Test
  • Stereology
  • Stiff Person Syndrome and Variants
  • Striatal Hand
  • Striatonigral Degeneration
  • Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis
  • Substantia Nigra
  • Subthalamic Nucleus
  • Supranuclear Eye Movement Control
  • Surgery for Movement Disorders, Overview, Including History
  • Sydenham’s Chorea
  • Synucleinopathies

T

  • Tail-pinch Stimulus
  • Tardive Dystonia
  • Tardive Syndromes
  • Tauopathies
  • Thalamotomy
  • Theta Burst TMS
  • Tics
  • Tics, Complex
  • Tics, Simple
  • Tocopherol Transfer Protein and Ataxia with Vitamin E Deficiency
  • Torsin A
  • Tottering Mouse - a Definition
  • Tourette Syndrome
  • Tourette Syndrome: Animal Models
  • Transplantation
  • Tremor
  • Tremor, Essential (Syndromes)
  • Tremor, Essential: Genetics
  • Tremor, Holmes
  • Tremor: Drug-induced
  • Trinucleotide Repeat Disorders
  • TWSTRS

U

  • Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) and The Movement-Disorder Society Sponsored-unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS)
  • Unverricht–Lundborg’s Disease

V

  • Variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob Disease

W

  • Weaver Mouse
  • Western Blot
  • Westphal Variant
  • Whipple’s Disease
  • Wilson, Samuel Alexander Kinnier
  • Wilson’s Disease
  • Writer’s Cramp

Y

  • Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS)