THE ATLAS OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Author: Kevin Knoop, MD, MS, Lawrence Stack, MD, Alan Storrow, MD, R. Jason Thurman, MD
Affiliation: Naval Medical Center; Portsmouth, VA
Publisher: McGraw-Hill
Publication Date: 2010
ISBN 10: 0071496181
ISBN 13: 9780071496186
Edition: 3rd

Description:

The Atlas of Emergency Medicine is the original - and best - visual guide to the diagnosis and treatment of common and unusual conditions encountered in the Emergency Room. The Third Edition features 1,500 full-color illustrations (800 more than the second edition), an even more effective template, and new coverage of airway emergencies, tropical conditions, toxicologic emergencies, and electrocardiographs.

Table of Contents

Front Matter

  • ABOUT
  • Notice
  • DEDICATION
  • CONTRIBUTORS
  • PHOTOGRAPHY CREDITS
  • FOREWORD
  • PREFACE

PART 1 Regional Anatomy

    HEAD AND FACIAL TRAUMA

    • BASILAR SKULL FRACTURE
    • DEPRESSED SKULL FRACTURE
    • NASAL INJURIES
    • FRACTURES OF THE ZYGOMA
    • LEFORT FACIAL FRACTURES
    • ORBITAL FLOOR FRACTURE
    • MANDIBULAR FRACTURES
    • EXTERNAL EAR INJURIES
    • FRONTAL SINUS FRACTURE
    • TRAUMATIC EXOPHTHALMOS
    • PENETRATING FACIAL TRAUMA
    • UNCAL HERNIATION SYNDROME

    OPHTHALMOLOGIC CONDITIONS

    • NEONATAL CONJUNCTIVITIS (OPHTHALMIA NEONATORUM)
    • BACTERIAL CONJUNCTIVITIS
    • VIRAL CONJUNCTIVITIS
    • EPIDEMIC KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS
    • ALLERGIC CONJUNCTIVITIS
    • DACRYOCYSTITIS
    • DACRYOADENITIS
    • PINGUECULA/PTERYGIUM
    • HORDEOLUM/CHALAZION
    • SCLERITIS
    • EPISCLERITIS
    • ACUTE ANGLE CLOSURE GLAUCOMA
    • ANTERIOR UVEITIS (IRITIS)
    • ANISOCORIA
    • HERPES ZOSTER OPHTHALMICUS
    • OCULAR HERPES SIMPLEX
    • CORNEAL ULCER
    • AFFERENT PUPILLARY DEFECT (MARCUS GUNN PUPIL)
    • HORNER SYNDROME
    • SIXTH-NERVE PALSY
    • THIRD-NERVE PALSY

    FUNDUSCOPIC FINDINGS

    • NORMAL FUNDUS
    • AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION
    • EXUDATE
    • ROTH SPOTS
    • EMBOLI
    • CENTRAL RETINAL ARTERY OCCLUSION
    • CENTRAL RETINAL VEIN OCCLUSION
    • HYPERTENSIVE RETINOPATHY
    • DIABETIC RETINOPATHY
    • VITREOUS HEMORRHAGE
    • RETINAL DETACHMENT
    • CYTOMEGALOVIRUS RETINITIS
    • PAPILLEDEMA
    • OPTIC NEURITIS
    • ANTERIOR ISCHEMIC OPTIC NEUROPATHY
    • GLAUCOMA
    • SUBHYALOID HEMORRHAGE IN SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE

    OPHTHALMIC TRAUMA

    • CORNEAL ABRASION
    • SUBCONJUNCTIVAL HEMORRHAGE
    • CORNEAL FOREIGN BODY
    • HYPHEMA
    • INTRAOCULAR FOREIGN BODY
    • IRIDODIALYSIS
    • LENS DISLOCATION
    • PENETRATING GLOBE INJURY
    • GLOBE RUPTURE
    • TRAUMATIC CATARACT
    • EYELID LACERATION
    • CHEMICAL EXPOSURE

    EAR, NOSE, AND THROAT CONDITIONS

    • OTITIS MEDIA
    • BULLOUS MYRINGITIS
    • CHOLESTEATOMA AND OSTEOMA
    • TYMPANIC MEMBRANE PERFORATION
    • OTITIS EXTERNA
    • MASTOIDITIS
    • AURICULAR PERICHONDRITIS
    • HERPES ZOSTER OTICUS (RAMSAY HUNT SYNDROME)
    • FACIAL NERVE PALSY
    • ANGIOEDEMA
    • PHARYNGITIS
    • SEPTAL HEMATOMA
    • DIPHTHERIA
    • PERITONSILLAR ABSCESS
    • EPIGLOTTITIS
    • UVULITIS
    • MUCOCELE (RANULA)
    • SIALOADENITIS
    • SINUSITIS
    • NASAL CELLULITIS

    MOUTH

    • Oral Trauma
    • Odontogenic Infections
    • Oral Conditions

    CHEST AND ABDOMEN

    • Chest and Abdominal Trauma
    • Nontraumatic Chest and Abdominal Conditions

    UROLOGIC CONDITIONS

    • TESTICULAR TORSION
    • TORSION OF A TESTICULAR OR EPIDIDYMAL APPENDIX
    • ACUTE EPIDIDYMITIS
    • ORCHITIS
    • HYDROCELE
    • TESTICULAR TUMOR
    • SCROTAL ABSCESS
    • FOURNIER GANGRENE
    • PARAPHIMOSIS
    • PRIAPISM
    • URETHRAL RUPTURE
    • FRACTURE OF THE PENIS
    • PENILE HAIR TOURNIQUET
    • STRADDLE INJURY
    • BALANOPOSTHITIS
    • PENILE ZIPPER INJURY

    SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS AND ANORECTAL CONDITIONS

    • Sexually Transmitted Infections

    GYNECOLOGIC AND OBSTETRIC CONDITIONS

    • Gynecologic Conditions
    • Obstetric Conditions

    EXTREMITY TRAUMA

    • ACROMIOCLAVICULAR JOINT SEPARATION
    • SHOULDER DISLOCATION
    • ELBOW FRACTURES
    • ELBOW DISLOCATION
    • BICEPS TENDON RUPTURE
    • FOREARM FRACTURES
    • FRACTURES OF THE DISTAL RADIUS
    • CARPAL AND CARPOMETACARPAL DISLOCATIONS
    • CLENCHED FIST INJURY (FIGHT BITE)
    • BOXER'S FRACTURE
    • PERIPHERAL NERVE INJURY
    • BENNETT AND ROLANDO FRACTURES
    • SUBUNGUAL HEMATOMA
    • HIP DISLOCATIONS
    • HIP FRACTURE
    • KNEE EXTENSOR INJURIES
    • PATELLAR DISLOCATIONS
    • KNEE DISLOCATION
    • FEMUR FRACTURE
    • TIBIAL-FIBULAR FRACTURES
    • FRACTURE BLISTERS
    • ACHILLES TENDON RUPTURE
    • ANKLE DISLOCATION
    • CALCANEUS FRACTURE
    • ANKLE SPRAIN
    • FRACTURES OF THE FIFTH METATARSAL BASE
    • LISFRANC FRACTURE-DISLOCATION
    • AMPUTATIONS

    EXTREMITY CONDITIONS

    • CELLULITIS
    • FELON
    • GANGRENE
    • GAS GANGRENE (MYONECROSIS)
    • NECROTIZING FASCIITIS
    • CRYSTAL-INDUCED SYNOVITIS (GOUT AND PSEUDOGOUT)
    • INGROWN TOENAIL (ONYCHOCRYPTOSIS)
    • LYMPHANGITIS
    • LYMPHEDEMA
    • OLECRANON AND PREPATELLAR BURSITIS
    • PALMAR SPACE INFECTION
    • TENOSYNOVITIS
    • THROMBOPHLEBITIS
    • PARONYCHIA
    • SUBCLAVIAN VEIN THROMBOSIS
    • CERVICAL RADICULOPATHY
    • DIGITAL CLUBBING
    • PHLEGMASIA DOLENS
    • DEEP VENOUS THROMBOSIS
    • DUPUYTREN CONTRACTURE
    • ACHILLES TENDONITIS
    • GANGLION (SYNOVIAL) CYST
    • RAYNAUD DISEASE
    • ARTERIAL EMBOLUS

    CUTANEOUS CONDITIONS

    • STEVENS-JOHNSON SYNDROME/TOXIC EPIDERMAL NECROLYSIS
    • ERYTHEMA MULTIFORME
    • FIXED DRUG ERUPTION
    • DRUG ERUPTIONS
    • HIDRADENITIS SUPPURATIVA
    • PYOGENIC GRANULOMA
    • PYODERMA GANGRENOSUM
    • SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS
    • PSORIASIS
    • NUMMULAR ECZEMA/XEROTIC ECZEMA
    • DYSHYDROTIC ECZEMA
    • ID REACTION
    • ATOPIC DERMATITIS
    • STASIS DERMATITIS
    • ACNE VULGARIS
    • VASCULITIS (LEUKOCYTOCLASTIC VASCULITIS)
    • IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA
    • THROMBOTIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA
    • PITYRIASIS ROSEA
    • LIVEDO RETICULARIS
    • URTICARIA, DERMATOGRAPHISM, AND ANGIOEDEMA
    • ALLERGIC CONTACT DERMATITIS
    • PHYTOPHOTODERMATITIS AND PHOTOTOXIC DRUG REACTIONS
    • ERYTHEMA NODOSUM
    • ERYTHEMA CHRONICUM MIGRANS
    • ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER
    • DISSEMINATED GONOCOCCUS
    • INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS
    • ERYSIPELAS
    • HOT TUB FOLLICULITIS
    • ECTHYMA GANGRENOSUM
    • SECONDARY SYPHILIS
    • DISSECTING CELLULITIS OF THE SCALP
    • SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA
    • BASAL CELL CARCINOMA
    • MELANOMA
    • HERPES ZOSTER
    • NONGENITAL HERPES SIMPLEX INFECTIONS
    • AUTOIMMUNE BULLOUS DISEASES
    • SWEET SYNDROME
    • DERMATOPHYTE INFECTIONS
    • TINEA (PITYRIASIS) VERSICOLOR
    • ONYCHOMYCOSIS
    • VITILIGO
    • SCABIES AND NORWEGIAN SCABIES
    • UREMIC FROST
    • BACILLUS ANTHRACIS (ANTHRAX)
    • INTERTRIGO
    • ABDOMINAL STRIAE (STRIAE ATROPHICAE)
    • MELASMA
    • JAUNDICE
    • ALOPECIA
    • SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS
    • PORPHYRIA CUTANEA TARDA

PART 2 Specialty Areas

    PEDIATRIC CONDITIONS

    • Newborn Conditions
    • Rashes and Lesions
    • ROSEOLA INFANTUM (EXANTHEM SUBITUM)
    • IMPETIGO
    • MEASLES
    • VARICELLA (CHICKENPOX)
    • HERPES ZOSTER
    • HAND, FOOT, AND MOUTH DISEASE
    • COLD PANNICULITIS (POPSICLE PANNICULITIS)
    • HERPETIC GINGIVOSTOMATITIS
    • MENINGOCOCCEMIA
    • URTICARIA
    • STAPHYLOCOCCAL SCALDED SKIN SYNDROME
    • SCARLET FEVER
    • BLISTERING DISTAL DACTYLITIS
    • HENOCH-SCHÖNLEIN PURPURA
    • STRAWBERRY HEMANGIOMA
    • ORBITAL AND PERIORBITAL (PRESEPTAL) CELLULITIS
    • BRANCHIAL CLEFT CYST
    • THYROGLOSSAL DUCT CYST
    • CYSTIC HYGROMA (LYMPHANGIOMAS)
    • CAT-SCRATCH DISEASE
    • General Conditions

    CHILD ABUSE

    • Physical Abuse
    • Sexual Abuse
    • Findings Mistaken for Sexual Abuse

    ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS

    • HIGH-ALTITUDE RETINAL HEMORRHAGE
    • HIGH-ALTITUDE PULMONARY EDEMA
    • HIGH-ALTITUDE CEREBRAL EDEMA
    • HYPOTHERMIA
    • FROSTBITE
    • PERNIO
    • IMMERSION INJURY (TRENCH FOOT)
    • ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION EXPOSURE
    • LIGHTNING INJURIES
    • LARGE TERRESTRIAL ANIMAL ATTACKS
    • CORAL SNAKE ENVENOMATION
    • PIT VIPER ENVENOMATION
    • BLACK WIDOW SPIDER ENVENOMATION
    • BROWN RECLUSE SPIDER ENVENOMATION
    • SCORPION ENVENOMATION
    • TICKS
    • HYMENOPTERA ENVENOMATION
    • CATERPILLAR, MITE, AND CENTIPEDE ENVENOMATION
    • MIDDLE EAR SQUEEZE
    • MASK SQUEEZE
    • STINGRAY ENVENOMATION
    • SEA URCHIN ENVENOMATION
    • COELENTERATE ENVENOMATION
    • MARINE DERMATITIS
    • SCORPION FISH STING
    • SEA SNAKE ENVENOMATION
    • CEPHALOPOD ENVENOMATION
    • ERYSIPELOID
    • TOXICODENDRON EXPOSURE
    • SPOROTRICHOSIS

    TOXICOLOGICAL CONDITIONS

    • METHAMPHETAMINE TOXICITY
    • COCAINE TOXICITY
    • ANTICHOLINERGIC (ANTIMUSCARINIC) TOXIDROME
    • HEROIN AND OPIOID TOXICITY
    • TRICYCLIC ANTIDEPRESSANT POISONING
    • POISONING BY β-BLOCKER AND CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKER AGENTS
    • SALICYLATE POISONING
    • ACETAMINOPHEN POISONING
    • CAUSTIC INGESTION
    • TOXIC ALCOHOL INGESTION
    • CELLULAR ASPHYXIANTS
    • METHEMOGLOBINEMIA
    • INHALANT ABUSE
    • HYDROFLUORIC ACID BURNS
    • BOTULISM
    • ARSENIC POISONING
    • MERCURY POISONING
    • LEAD POISONING
    • IRON INGESTION
    • AMATOXIN INGESTION
    • CARDIAC GLYCOSIDE PLANT INGESTION
    • DIEFFENBACHIA INGESTION
    • JIMSONWEED INGESTION
    • PEYOTE INGESTION
    • TOXALBUMIN INGESTION
    • VANCOMYCIN-INDUCED RED MAN SYNDROME

    WOUNDS AND SOFT TISSUE INJURIES

    • WOUND CLEANING AND IRRIGATION
    • WOUND ASSESSMENT
    • WOUND FOREIGN BODIES
    • TRAUMATIC WOUNDS
    • EAR LACERATIONS
    • LIP LACERATIONS
    • TENDON LACERATIONS
    • ANIMAL BITE WOUNDS
    • FISHHOOK INJURIES
    • SIMPLE WOUND CLOSURES
    • COMPLEX WOUND CLOSURES
    • WOUND CARE COMPLICATIONS
    • BURNS
    • DECUBITUS ULCERS
    • ELECTRICAL INJURY

    FORENSIC MEDICINE

    • GUNSHOT WOUNDS
    • Pattern Injuries of Domestic Violence, Assault, and Abuse

    HIV CONDITIONS

    • PRIMARY HIV INFECTION
    • ORAL HAIRY LEUKOPLAKIA
    • CANDIDIASIS ASSOCIATED WITH HIV
    • KAPOSI SARCOMA
    • TOXOPLASMA GONDII INFECTION
    • CRYPTOCOCCAL INFECTIONS
    • CYTOMEGALOVIRUS INFECTIONS
    • LEISHMANIASIS
    • HERPES ZOSTER IN HIV PATIENTS
    • EOSINOPHILIC FOLLICULITIS
    • HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS IN HIV PATIENTS
    • SCABIES
    • MOLLUSCUM CONTAGIOSUM
    • DERMATOPHYTE (TINEA) INFECTIONS
    • PNEUMOCYSTIS
    • THROMBOCYTOPENIA
    • DRUG REACTIONS
    • ACUTE NECROTIZING ULCERATIVE GINGIVITIS

    TROPICAL MEDICINE

    • FREE-LIVING AMEBA INFECTION
    • ANEMIA IN THE TROPICS
    • CHOLERA
    • ASCARIASIS
    • CUTANEOUS LARVA MIGRANS
    • CYSTICERCOSIS
    • DENGUE FEVER
    • ELEPHANTIASIS
    • EPIDEMIC MENINGITIS
    • GOITER
    • LEISHMANIASIS
    • HYDATID CYST
    • NONTUBERCULOSIS MYCOBACTERIA INFECTIONS
    • LEPROSY
    • MALARIA
    • MYCETOMA
    • MYIASIS
    • PROTEIN ENERGY MALNUTRITION—KWASHIORKOR AND MARASMUS
    • RABIES
    • TROPICAL SPOROTRICHOSIS
    • TUBERCULOSIS
    • TETANUS
    • TRACHOMA
    • TROPICAL SNAKE ENVENOMATIONS
    • TRADITIONAL MEDICINE IN THE TROPICS

    AIRWAY PROCEDURES

    • AIRWAY MAXIM ONE
    • AIRWAY MAXIM TWO
    • AIRWAY MAXIM THREE
    • AIRWAY MAXIM FOUR
    • AIRWAY MAXIM FIVE
    • LARYNGOSCOPIC OROTRACHEAL INTUBATION
    • BOUGIE-ASSISTED INTUBATION
    • OPTICAL STYLET-ASSISTED INTUBATION
    • OPTICAL LARYNGOSCOPE-ASSISTED INTUBATION
    • LIGHTED STYLETS AND WANDS
    • GLIDESCOPE-ASSISTED INTUBATION
    • DIGITAL (TACTILE) INTUBATION
    • LARYNGEAL MASK AIRWAY
    • INTUBATING LARYNGEAL MASK AIRWAY
    • INTUBATING LARYNGEAL AIRWAY
    • ESOPHAGEAL-PHARYNGEAL COMBITUBE AIRWAY
    • BLIND NASOTRACHEAL INTUBATION
    • NASAL FLEXIBLE FIBEROPTIC INTUBATION
    • TRANSTRACHEAL JET VENTILATION
    • CRICOTHYROTOMY (SELDINGER TECHNIQUE)
    • OPEN CRICOTHYROTOMY

    ECG ABNORMALITIES

    • Part 1: ST-T Abnormalities
    • Part 2: Conduction Disturbances
    • Part 3: Rhythm Disturbances
    • Part 4: Structural Abnormalities
    • Part 5: ECG Abnormalities of Non-cardiac Origin

    EMERGENCY ULTRASOUND

    • EMERGENCY ULTRASOUND
    • TRAUMA ULTRASOUND
    • E-FAST WINDOW 1: SUBXIPHOID-CARDIAC (SUBCOSTAL VIEW)
    • E-FAST WINDOW 2: RIGHT UPPER QUADRANT (MORISON POUCH)
    • E-FAST WINDOW 3: LEFT UPPER QUADRANT (SPLENORENAL VIEW)
    • E-FAST WINDOW 4: SUPRAPUBIC
    • E-FAST WINDOW 5: THORAX (RIGHT AND LEFT)
    • CARDIAC ULTRASOUND
    • ECHO WINDOW 1: SUBXIPHOID-CARDIAC (SUBCOSTAL VIEW)
    • ECHO WINDOW 2: PARASTERNAL LONG-AXIS VIEW (PSLAx)
    • ECHO WINDOW 3: PARASTERNAL SHORT-AXIS VIEW (PSSAx)
    • ECHO WINDOW 4: APICAL FOUR-CHAMBER VIEW (A4C)
    • ECHO WINDOW 5: SUBXIPHOID LONG-AXIS (IVC)
    • GALLBLADDER ULTRASOUND
    • ABDOMINAL AORTA ULTRASOUND
    • RENAL ULTRASOUND
    • PELVIC ULTRASOUND
    • DEEP VENOUS THROMBOSIS ULTRASOUND
    • ULTRASOUND-GUIDED VENOUS ACCESS
    • OCULAR ULTRASOUND
    • SUPERFICIAL ULTRASOUND

    MICROSCOPIC FINDINGS

    • MICROSCOPIC URINALYSIS
    • SYNOVIAL FLUID ANALYSIS FOR CRYSTALS
    • GRAM STAIN
    • DARK-FIELD EXAMINATION
    • VAGINAL FLUID WET MOUNT
    • POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE MOUNT
    • STOOL EXAMINATION FOR FECAL LEUKOCYTES
    • SKIN SCRAPING FOR DERMATOSES AND INFESTATIONS
    • CEREBROSPINAL FLUID EXAMINATION: INDIA INK PREPARATION
    • CEREBROSPINAL FLUID EXAMINATION: WRIGHT STAIN—THIN SMEAR FOR MALARIA
    • FERNING PATTERN FOR AMNIOTIC FLUID
    • PERIPHERAL BLOOD SMEAR FOR SCHISTOCYTES
    • TAPE TEST FOR ENTEROBIAS VERMICULARIS EGGS
    • TZANCK PREPARATION