THERAPEUTIC MODALITIES IN REHABILITATION This title has been archived.

Author: William Prentice, PHD, PT, ATC, William Quillen, PHD, PT, SCS, Frank Underwood, PHD, MPT, ECS
Affiliation: University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC
Publisher: McGraw-Hill
Publication Date: 2005
ISBN 10: 0071441239
ISBN 13: 9780071441230
Edition: 3rd

Description:

The most comprehensive therapeutic modalities book. Provides a theoretically based but practically oriented guide to the use of therapeutic modalities. Perfect for the required course in the Physical Therapy curriculum or as a clinical reference, the text features extensive use of case studies, laboratory activities, and a renown illustration program.

Table of Contents

Front Matter

  • ABOUT
  • Notice
  • CONTRIBUTORS
  • PREFACE
  • MASTER COMPETENCY CHECK LIST

PART ONE FOUNDATIONS OF THERAPEUTIC MODALITIES

    THE SCIENCE OF THERAPEUTIC MODALITIES

    • OBJECTIVES
    • RADIANT ENERGY
    • ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATIONS
    • WAVELENGTH AND FREQUENCY
    • LAWS GOVERNING THE EFFECTS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATIONS
    • THE APPLICATION OF THE ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM TO THERAPEUTIC MODALITIES
    • THE ACOUSTIC SPECTRUM AND ULTRASOUND
    • SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • REFERENCES
    • SUGGESTED READINGS
    • GLOSSARY

    THE HEALING PROCESS AND GUIDELINES FOR USING THERAPEUTIC MODALITIES

    • OBJECTIVES
    • UNDERSTANDING THE HEALING PROCESS
    • INJURY MANAGEMENT USING MODALITIES
    • OTHER CONSIDERATIONS IN TREATING INJURY
    • INDICATIONS AND CONTRAINDICATIONS
    • SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • REFERENCES
    • GLOSSARY

    THE ROLE OF THERAPEUTIC MODALITIES IN WOUND HEALING

    • OBJECTIVES
    • SUPERFICIAL HOT AND COLD
    • HYDROTHERAPY
    • ELECTRICAL STIMULATION
    • ULTRASOUND
    • LASER
    • ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT
    • PNEUMATIC COMPRESSION THERAPY
    • CHOOSING THE BEST MODALITY FOR THE TREATMENT OF DELAYED OR NONHEALING WOUNDS
    • REVIEW OF CLINICAL RESEARCH EVIDENCE
    • ALGORITHM FOR CHOOSING THE APPROPRIATE THERAPEUTIC MODALITY
    • SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • REFERENCES

    MANAGING PAIN WITH THERAPEUTIC MODALITIES

    • OBJECTIVES
    • UNDERSTANDING PAIN
    • TYPES OF PAIN
    • PAIN ASSESSMENT
    • TISSUE SENSITIVITY
    • GOALS IN MANAGING PAIN
    • PAIN PERCEPTION AND NEURAL TRANSMISSION
    • NEURAL TRANSMISSION
    • NEUROPHYSIOLOGIC EXPLANATIONS OF PAIN CONTROL
    • PAIN MANAGEMENT
    • SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • REFERENCES
    • GLOSSARY

PART TWO ELECTRICAL MODALITIES

    BASIC PRINCIPLES OF ELECTRICITY

    • OBJECTIVES
    • COMPONENTS OF ELECTRICAL CURRENTS
    • ELECTROTHERAPEUTIC CURRENTS
    • WAVEFORMS
    • ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS
    • CURRENT FLOW THROUGH BIOLOGIC TISSUES
    • PHYSIOLOGIC RESPONSES TO ELECTRICAL CURRENT
    • SAFETY IN THE USE OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
    • SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • REFERENCES
    • SUGGESTED READINGS
    • GLOSSARY

    ELECTRICAL STIMULATING CURRENTS

    • OBJECTIVES
    • PHYSIOLOGIC RESPONSE TO ELECTRICAL CURRENTS
    • ELECTRICAL CONCEPTS: EFFECTS OF CHANGES IN CURRENT PARAMETERS AND THEIR EFFECT ON TREATMENT PROTOCOLS
    • THERAPEUTIC USES OF ELECTRICALLY INDUCED MUSCLE CONTRACTION
    • STIMULATION OF DENERVATED MUSCLE
    • THERAPEUTIC USES OF ELECTRICAL STIMULATION OF SENSORY NERVES
    • CLINICAL USES OF LOW-VOLTAGE CONTINUOUS MONOPHASIC CURRENT
    • FUNCTIONAL ELECTRICAL STIMULATION (FES)
    • SPECIALIZED ELECTRICAL CURRENTS
    • CONCLUSION
    • SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • REFERENCES
    • SUGGESTED READINGS
    • GLOSSARY
    • LAB ACTIVITY

    IONTOPHORESIS

    • OBJECTIVES
    • IONTOPHORESIS VERSUS PHONOPHORESIS
    • BASIC MECHANISMS OF ION TRANSFER
    • IONTOPHORESIS EQUIPMENT AND TREATMENT TECHNIQUES
    • CLINICAL APPLICATIONS FOR IONTOPHORESIS
    • TREATMENT PRECAUTIONS AND CONTRAINDICATIONS
    • SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • REFERENCES
    • SUGGESTED READINGS
    • GLOSSARY
    • LAB ACTIVITY

    BIOFEEDBACK

    • OBJECTIVES
    • ELECTROMYOGRAPHY AND BIOFEEDBACK
    • THE ROLE OF BIOFEEDBACK
    • BIOFEEDBACK INSTRUMENTATION
    • ELECTROMYOGRAPHIC BIOFEEDBACK
    • BIOFEEDBACK EQUIPMENT AND TREATMENT TECHNIQUES
    • CLINICAL APPLICATIONS FOR BIOFEEDBACK
    • SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • REFERENCES
    • SUGGESTED READINGS
    • GLOSSARY
    • LAB ACTIVITY

    PRINCIPLES OF ELECTROPHYSIOLOGIC EVALUATION AND TESTING

    • OBJECTIVES
    • INTRODUCTION
    • ELECTROPHYSIOLOGIC TESTING EQUIPMENT AND SETUP
    • EVALUATION OF THE PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
    • ANATOMY OF THE SPINAL NERVE AND NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION
    • TESTING PROCEDURES
    • THE ELECTROMYOGRAPHIC EXAMINATION
    • REQUESTING NCS/EMG EXAMINATIONS
    • CONCLUSION
    • SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • REFERENCES
    • GLOSSARY
    • LAB ACTIVITY

PART THREE THERMAL MODALITIES

    SHORTWAVE AND MICROWAVE DIATHERMY

    • OBJECTIVES
    • PHYSIOLOGIC RESPONSES TO DIATHERMY
    • SHORTWAVE DIATHERMY EQUIPMENT AND TREATMENT TECHNIQUES
    • MICROWAVE DIATHERMY
    • CLINICAL APPLICATIONS FOR DIATHERMY
    • DIATHERMY TREATMENT PRECAUTIONS AND CONSIDERATIONS
    • COMPARING SHORTWAVE DIATHERMY AND ULTRASOUND AS THERMAL MODALITIES
    • GUIDELINES FOR THE SAFE USE OF DIATHERMY
    • SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • REFERENCES
    • SUGGESTED READINGS
    • GLOSSARY
    • LAB ACTIVITY

    INFRARED MODALITIES

    • OBJECTIVES
    • MECHANISMS OF HEAT TRANSFER
    • APPROPRIATE USE OF THE INFRARED MODALITIES
    • CLINICAL USE OF THE INFRARED MODALITIES
    • CRYOTHERAPY
    • THERMOTHERAPY
    • COUNTERIRRITANTS
    • CONCLUSIONS
    • SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • REFERENCES
    • SUGGESTED READINGS
    • GLOSSARY
    • LAB ACTIVITY

    THERAPEUTIC ULTRASOUND

    • OBJECTIVES
    • ULTRASOUND AS A THERMAL MODALITY
    • TRANSMISSION OF ACOUSTIC ENERGY IN BIOLOGIC TISSUES
    • BASIC PHYSICS OF THERAPEUTIC ULTRASOUND
    • PHYSIOLOGIC EFFECTS OF ULTRASOUND
    • ULTRASOUND TREATMENT TECHNIQUES
    • CLINICAL APPLICATIONS FOR THERAPEUTIC ULTRASOUND
    • PHONOPHORESIS
    • USING ULTRASOUND IN COMBINATION WITH OTHER MODALITIES
    • TREATMENT PRECAUTIONS
    • GUIDELINES FOR THE SAFE USE OF ULTRASOUND EQUIPMENT
    • SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • REFERENCES
    • SUGGESTED READINGS
    • GLOSSARY
    • LAB ACTIVITY

PART FOUR LIGHT THERAPY

    LOW-LEVEL LASER THERAPY

    • OBJECTIVES
    • PHYSICS
    • TYPES OF LASERS
    • LASER GENERATORS
    • LASER TREATMENT TECHNIQUES
    • CLINICAL APPLICATIONS FOR LASERS
    • SUGGESTED TREATMENT PROTOCOLS
    • SAFETY
    • CONCLUSION
    • SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • REFERENCES
    • SUGGESTED READINGS
    • GLOSSARY
    • LAB ACTIVITY

    ULTRAVIOLET THERAPY

    • OBJECTIVES
    • ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION
    • EFFECT ON CELLS
    • EFFECT ON NORMAL HUMAN TISSUE
    • EFFECT ON EYES
    • SYSTEMIC EFFECTS
    • ULTRAVIOLET GENERATORS
    • ULTRAVIOLET TREATMENT TECHNIQUES
    • CLINICAL APPLICATIONS FOR ULTRAVIOLET
    • CONCLUSION
    • SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • REFERENCES
    • SUGGESTED READINGS
    • GLOSSARY
    • LAB ACTIVITY

PART FIVE MECHANICAL MODALITIES

    SPINAL TRACTION

    • OBJECTIVES
    • THE PHYSICAL EFFECTS OF TRACTION
    • TRACTION TREATMENT TECHNIQUES
    • INVERSION TRACTION
    • MANUAL LUMBAR TRACTION
    • MECHANICAL LUMBAR TRACTION
    • MANUAL CERVICAL TRACTION
    • MECHANICAL CERVICAL TRACTION
    • INDICATIONS AND CONTRAINDICATIONS
    • SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • REFERENCES
    • SUGGESTED READINGS
    • GLOSSARY
    • LAB ACTIVITY

    INTERMITTENT COMPRESSION DEVICES

    • OBJECTIVES
    • THE LYMPHATIC SYSTEM
    • INJURY EDEMA
    • TREATMENT OF EDEMA
    • INTERMITTENT COMPRESSION TREATMENT TECHNIQUES
    • COLD AND COMPRESSION COMBINATION
    • SEQUENTIAL COMPRESSION PUMPS
    • INDICATIONS AND CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR USE
    • SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • REFERENCES
    • SUGGESTED READINGS
    • GLOSSARY
    • LAB ACTIVITY

PART SIX OTHER MODALITIES

    THERAPEUTIC MASSAGE

    • OBJECTIVES
    • THE VALUE OF MANUAL THERAPY TECHNIQUES
    • THE EVOLUTION OF MASSAGE AS A TREATMENT MODALITY
    • PHYSIOLOGIC EFFECTS OF MASSAGE
    • PSYCHOLOGIC EFFECTS OF MASSAGE
    • MASSAGE TREATMENT CONSIDERATIONS AND GUIDELINES
    • MASSAGE TREATMENT TECHNIQUES
    • THE CURRENT ROLE OF MASSAGE IN PHYSICAL THERAPY
    • SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • REFERENCES
    • SUGGESTED READINGS
    • GLOSSARY
    • LAB ACTIVITY

    EXTRACORPOREAL SHOCK WAV E THERAPY

    • OBJECTIVES
    • HISTORY OF ESWT
    • PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF EXTRACORPOREAL SHOCK WAVE
    • SHOCK WAVE GENERATION
    • PHYSICAL PARAMETERS OF SHOCK WAVES
    • BIOLOGIC EFFECTS
    • CLINICAL APPLICATIONS
    • EVALUATION OF ESWT LITERATURE FOR EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE
    • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
    • SUMMARY
    • REVIEW QUESTIONS
    • REFERENCES
    • GLOSSARY

PART SEVEN SUMMARY

    THE PHYSIOLOGIC EFFECTS OF THERAPEUTIC MODALITY INTERVENTION ON THE BODY SYSTEMS

    • OBJECTIVES
    • SYSTEMS APPROACH
    • ELECTRICAL STIMULATING CURRENTS
    • THERMOTHERAPY TECHNIQUES
    • THERAPEUTIC ULTRASOUND (US)
    • ULTRAVIOLET THERAPY (UV)
    • TRACTION (MANUAL AND MECHANICAL)
    • COMPRESSION DEVICES
    • MASSAGE
    • REFERENCES

APPENDICES

    APPENDIX A-1 LOCATIONS OF THE MOTOR POINTS

    APPENDIX A-2 UNITS OF MEASURE