CURRENT ESSENTIALS OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Author: C. Keith Stone, MD, Roger Humphries, MD
Affiliation: Texas A&M University, Temple, TX
Publisher: McGraw-Hill
Publication Date: 2005
ISBN 10: 0071440585
ISBN 13: 9780071440585
Edition: 1st

Description:

This pocket manual includes 500 common or important diseases, disorders, or symptoms managed by emergency physicians - covers entire range of problems encountered in the ED.

Table of Contents

Front Matter

  • ABOUT
  • NOTICE
  • Contributors
  • Preface

1: Shock

  • Anaphylactic Shock
  • Cardiogenic Shock
  • Hypovolemic Shock
  • Neurogenic Shock
  • Obstructive Shock
  • Septic Shock

2: Cardiac Emergencies

  • Acute Coronary Syndrome
  • Atrial Fibrillation
  • Atrial Flutter
  • Atrioventricular Block, First-Degree
  • Atrioventricular Block, Second-Degree, Type I (Mobitz Type I, Wenckebach)
  • Atrioventricular Block, Second-Degree, Type II (Mobitz Type II)
  • Atrioventricular Block, Third-Degree (Complete Heart Block)
  • Cardiac Tamponade
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Congestive Heart Failure
  • Hypertensive Crisis
  • Idioventricular Rhythm
  • Junctional Rhythm
  • Mitral Regurgitation, Acute
  • Multifocal Atrial Tachycardia
  • Myocardial Infarction, Acute
  • Myocardial Rupture
  • Myocarditis
  • Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia
  • Pericardial Effusion
  • Pericarditis
  • Sick Sinus Syndrome
  • Sinus Arrest
  • Sinus Bradycardia
  • Sinus Tachycardia
  • Torsades de Pointes
  • Ventricular Fibrillation
  • Ventricular Septal Rupture
  • Ventricular Tachycardia
  • Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome

3: Pulmonary Emergencies

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)
  • Aspiration Pneumonia
  • Asthma
  • Bronchitis
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
  • Cystic Fibrosis
  • Interstitial Pulmonary Disease
  • Pleural Effusion
  • Pneumonia
  • Pneumothorax, Spontaneous
  • Pulmonary Embolus
  • Pulmonary Tuberculosis

4: Gastrointestinal Emergencies

  • Appendicitis
  • Ascites
  • Biliary Colic
  • Boerhaave Syndrome
  • Cholangitis
  • Cholecystitis, Acute
  • Cirrhosis
  • Colitis, Ischemic
  • Colitis, Ulcerative
  • Crohn Disease
  • Diverticulitis
  • Diverticulosis
  • Gastritis
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
  • Hemorrhoids
  • Hepatic Abscess
  • Hepatic Encephalopathy
  • Hepatitis, Alcoholic
  • Hepatitis, Viral
  • Incarcerated Hernia
  • Intestinal Obstruction
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • Mallory-Weiss Syndrome
  • Meckel Diverticulum
  • Pancreatitis, Acute
  • Peptic Ulcer Disease
  • Perforated Peptic Ulcer
  • Variceal Bleeding

5: Neurologic Emergencies

  • Bell’s Palsy
  • Brain Abscess
  • Brain Tumor
  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome
  • Headache, Cluster
  • Headache, Migraine
  • Headache, Tension
  • Myasthenia Gravis
  • Poliomyelitis
  • Pseudotumor Cerebri
  • Seizure
  • Status Epilepticus
  • Stroke, Hemorrhagic (Intracerebral Hemorrhage)
  • Stroke, Ischemic
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
  • Syncope
  • Temporal Arteritis (Giant Cell Arteritis)
  • Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)
  • Trigeminal Neuralgia
  • Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome

6: Genitourinary Emergencies

  • Cystitis
  • Epididymitis
  • Fournier Gangrene
  • Hematuria
  • Orchitis
  • Paraphimosis
  • Phimosis
  • Priapism
  • Prostatitis
  • Pyelonephritis
  • Renal Colic
  • Renal Failure, Acute
  • Testicular Torsion

7: Vascular Emergencies

  • Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
  • Acute Arterial Occlusion of Extremity Large Vessels
  • Acute Arterial Occlusion of Extremity Small Vessels
  • Aortic Dissection
  • Deep Vein Thrombosis
  • Mesenteric Ischemia
  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
  • Thrombophlebitis, Superficial

8: Hematologic Emergencies

  • Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia (AIHA)
  • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC)
  • Hemophilia
  • Iron Deficiency Anemia
  • Immune (Idiopathic) Thrombocytopenia Purpura (ITP)
  • Mononucleosis
  • Multiple Myeloma
  • Sickle Cell Anemia: Acute Chest Syndrome
  • Sickle Cell Anemia: Pain Crisis
  • Sickle Cell Anemia: Aplastic Crisis
  • Transfusion Reaction
  • Thrombotic Thrombocytopenia Purpura (TTP)
  • Von Willebrand Disease

9: Infectious Disease Emergencies

  • Cellulitis
  • Chancroid
  • Chlamydia
  • Clostridial Myonecrosis
  • Cryptococcal Meningitis
  • Disseminated Gonococcemia
  • Encephalitis
  • Erysipelas
  • Genital Herpes
  • Gonorrhea
  • Infective Endocarditis
  • Lyme Disease
  • Meningitis
  • Meningococcemia
  • Necrotizing Fasciitis
  • Osteomyelitis
  • Pneumocystis Pneumonia
  • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
  • Syphilis
  • Toxic Shock Syndrome
  • Trichomoniasis

10: Metabolic & Endocrine Emergencies

  • Adrenal Insufficiency, Acute
  • Central Diabetes Insipidus
  • Hyperglycemia without Ketosis
  • Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Nonketotic Syndrome (HHNS)
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Inappropriate Secretion of Antidiuretic Hormone (SIADH)
  • Ketoacidosis, Alcoholic (AKA)
  • Ketoacidosis, Diabetic (DKA)
  • Lactic Acidosis
  • Myxedema Coma
  • Pheochromocytoma
  • Pituitary Apoplexy
  • Thyroid Storm

11: Electrolyte & Acid-Base Emergencies

  • Hypercalcemia
  • Hyperkalemia
  • Hypermagnesemia
  • Hypernatremia
  • Hyperphosphatemia
  • Hypocalcemia
  • Hypokalemia
  • Hypomagnesemia
  • Hyponatremia
  • Hypophosphatemia
  • Metabolic Acidosis
  • Metabolic Alkalosis
  • Respiratory Acidosis
  • Respiratory Alkalosis

12: Rheumatologic Emergencies

  • Ankylosing Spondylitis
  • Arthritis, Psoriatic
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid
  • Arthritis, Septic
  • Arthritis, Traumatic
  • Bursitis
  • Gout
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Pseudogout
  • Reiter Syndrome
  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
  • Tendonitis

13: Obstetric & Gynecologic Emergencies

  • Adnexal Torsion
  • Bartholin Abscess
  • Cervicitis, Mucopurulent
  • Dysmenorrhea (Painful Menstruation)
  • Eclampsia
  • Ectopic Pregnancy
  • Endometriosis
  • Endometritis, Postpartum
  • Hyperemesis Gravidarum
  • Mastitis, Postpartum
  • Miscarriage (Spontaneous Abortion)
  • Ovarian Cyst, Ruptured
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID; Salpingitis)
  • Placenta Previa
  • Placental Abruption
  • Preeclampsia
  • Septic Abortion
  • Sexual Assault
  • Tuboovarian Abscess (TOA)
  • Uterine Prolapse
  • Vaginitis

14: Eye Emergencies

  • Acute Angle Closure Glaucoma
  • Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis
  • Central Retinal Artery Occlusion
  • Central Retinal Vein Occlusion
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Corneal Abrasions
  • Corneal Foreign Bodies
  • Corneal Ulcer
  • Dacryocystitis, Dacryoadenitis
  • Hordeolum
  • Hyphema
  • Ocular Chemical Burns
  • Ocular Thermal Burns
  • Ocular Ultraviolet Burns
  • Orbital Cellulitis
  • Penetrating Eye Trauma
  • Preseptal Cellulitis
  • Retinal Detachment
  • Retinal Hemorrhage
  • Subconjunctival Hemorrhage
  • Uveitis
  • Vitreous Hemorrhage

15: ENT Emergencies

  • Benign Positional Vertigo
  • Croup
  • Dental Pain
  • Epiglottitis
  • Epistaxis
  • Mastoiditis
  • Ménière Disease
  • Nasal Foreign Body
  • Otitis Externa
  • Otitis Media
  • Peritonsillar Abscess (PTA)
  • Pharyngitis
  • Retropharyngeal Abscess
  • Sinusitis
  • Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Dislocation
  • Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Syndrome

16: Head Trauma

  • Cerebral Contusion
  • Diffuse Axonal Injury
  • Hematoma, Epidural
  • Hematoma, Scalp
  • Hematoma, Subdural
  • Minor Head Injury
  • Skull Fracture, Basilar
  • Skull Fracture, Closed
  • Skull Fracture, Depressed
  • Skull Fracture, Open
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Traumatic

17: Maxillofacial & Neck Trauma

  • Blunt Neck Trauma
  • External Ear Trauma
  • Frontal Sinus Fracture
  • Lacerations of the Auricle
  • Le Fort Fracture
  • Mandible Fracture
  • Nasal Fracture
  • Orbital Floor (Blowout) Fracture
  • Otohematoma
  • Penetrating Neck Trauma
  • Tooth Avulsion
  • Tooth Fracture
  • Tooth Subluxation
  • Zygomaticomaxillary Complex (ZMC) Fracture

18: Chest Trauma

  • Aortic Disruption
  • Chest Trauma, Penetrating
  • Esophageal Disruption
  • Flail Chest
  • Hemopericardium
  • Hemothorax
  • Myocardial Contusion
  • Pneumothorax
  • Pneumothorax, Open
  • Pneumothorax, Tension
  • Pulmonary Contusion
  • Rib Fracture
  • Sternal Fracture

19: Abdominal Trauma

  • Diaphragmatic Injury
  • Duodenal Injury
  • Intestinal Injury
  • Liver Injury
  • Pancreatic Injury
  • Splenic Injury

20: Genitourinary Trauma

  • Bladder Injury
  • Penile Fracture
  • Renal Injury
  • Testicular Injury
  • Urethral Injuries, Anterior
  • Urethral Injuries, Posterior
  • Vaginal Injury

21: Vertebral & Spinal Injuries

  • C1 Fracture
  • Cervical Strain
  • Clay Shoveler Fracture (Spinous Process Fracture)
  • Compression Fracture
  • Hangman Fracture
  • Locked Facets, Bilateral
  • Locked Facets, Unilateral (Unilateral Interfacetal Dislocation)
  • Odontoid Fracture
  • Spinal Cord Injury
  • Spinal Cord Injury without Radiographic Abnormality (SCIWORA)

22: Orthopedic Emergencies

  • Achilles Tendon Rupture
  • Acromioclavicular (AC) Joint Injury
  • Ankle Dislocation
  • Ankle Fracture
  • Calcaneus Fracture
  • Clavicle Fracture
  • Compartment Syndrome
  • Distal Femur Fracture
  • Elbow Dislocation
  • Femoral Shaft Fracture
  • Fibula Fracture
  • Forearm Fracture
  • Hip Fracture
  • Humerus Fracture
  • Knee Ligamentous Injury
  • Knee Dislocation
  • Meniscal Tear
  • Metatarsal Fracture
  • Olecranon Fracture
  • Osgood-Schlatter Disease
  • Patella Dislocation
  • Patella Fracture
  • Pelvic Fracture
  • Phalangeal Injury of the Foot
  • Radial Head Fracture
  • Radial Head Subluxation
  • Scapula Fracture
  • Shoulder Dislocation, Anterior
  • Shoulder Dislocation, Posterior
  • Sternoclavicular Dislocation
  • Subtalar Dislocation
  • Supracondylar Fracture
  • Talus Fracture
  • Tibial Plateau Fracture
  • Tibial Shaft Fracture
  • Traumatic Amputation
  • Wrist Fracture

23: Hand Emergencies

  • Boutonnière Deformity
  • Carpal Bone Fracture
  • Cellulitis
  • Extensor Tendon Laceration
  • Fascial Space Infection
  • Felon
  • Fingertip Amputation
  • Flexor Tendon Laceration
  • Gamekeeper’s Thumb
  • Herpetic Whitlow
  • High-Pressure Injection Injury
  • Lunate Dislocation
  • Mallet Finger
  • Metacarpal Fracture
  • Nail Avulsion
  • Paronychia
  • Perilunate Dislocation
  • Phalangeal Dislocation
  • Phalangeal Fracture
  • Scapholunate Dissociation
  • Subungual Hematoma
  • Tenosynovitis

24: Dermatologic Emergencies

  • Angioedema
  • Contact Dermatitis
  • Erythema Multiforme Major (Steven-Johnson syndrome)
  • Erythema Multiforme Minor
  • Herpes Simplex
  • Herpes Zoster (Shingles)
  • Impetigo
  • Molluscum Contagiosum
  • Pediculosis
  • Pityriasis Rosea
  • Psoriasis
  • Scabies
  • Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome
  • Tinea
  • Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis
  • Urticaria

25: Psychiatric Emergencies

  • Alcohol Dependence
  • Alcohol Withdrawal
  • Bipolar Affective Disorder
  • Depression
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder
  • Panic Disorder
  • Personality Disorders
  • Psychotic Disorders
  • Somatoform Disorder

26: Emergencies Due to Physical & Environmental Agents

  • Acute Mountain Sickness
  • Arterial Gas Embolism
  • Bee & Wasp Stings
  • Black Widow Spider Bite
  • Brown Recluse Spider Bite
  • Cat Bite
  • Ciguatera Toxin Poisoning
  • Decompression Sickness
  • Dog Bite
  • Electric Shock & Burns
  • Frostbite
  • Heat Illness
  • High-Altitude Cerebral Edema
  • High-Altitude Pulmonary Edema
  • Hydrofluoric Acid Exposure
  • Immersion Syndrome (Trench Foot)
  • Jellyfish Envenomation
  • Lightning Injury
  • Near Drowning
  • Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning
  • Puffer Fish (Tetrodotoxin) Poisoning
  • Rabies
  • Radiation Injury
  • Scombroid Poisoning
  • Scorpion Sting
  • Sea Snake Envenomation
  • Smoke Inhalation
  • Snakebite
  • Stingray Envenomation
  • Tetanus
  • Thermal Burns

27: Poisoning

  • Acetaminophen
  • Amphetamines & Other Related Stimulants
  • Anticholinergics
  • Arsenic
  • β-Adrenergic Blocking Agents
  • Calcium-Channel Blocking Agents
  • Carbon Monoxide
  • Caustics & Corrosives
  • Cocaine & Local Anesthetics
  • Cyanide
  • Digoxin
  • Drug-Induced Methemoglobinemia
  • Ethanol
  • Ethylene Glycol & Methanol
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Iron
  • Isoniazid
  • Isopropanol
  • Lead
  • Lithium
  • Mercury
  • Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome
  • Opiates
  • Organophosphates & Other Cholinesterase Inhibitors
  • Phencyclidine
  • Phenothiazines & Other Antipsychotics
  • Poisonous Mushrooms
  • Salicylates
  • Sedative-Hypnotics
  • Serotonin Antagonists
  • Serotonin Syndrome
  • Theophylline
  • Tricyclic Antidepressants
  • Warfarin & Other Anticoagulants

28: Pediatric Emergencies

  • Apnea
  • Appendicitis
  • Asthma
  • Bronchiolitis
  • Colic
  • Congestive Heart Failure
  • Dehydration
  • Esophageal Foreign Body
  • Exanthems
  • Febrile Seizure
  • Fever in Children Aged <3 Months
  • Fever in Children Aged 3–36 Months
  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
  • Henoch-Schönlein Purpura
  • Intussusception
  • Meckel Diverticulum
  • Meningitis
  • Osteomyelitis
  • Otitis Media, Acute
  • Periorbital Cellulitis
  • Pharyngitis
  • Physical Abuse
  • Pneumonia
  • Pyloric Stenosis
  • Septic Arthritis
  • Sexual Abuse
  • Upper Airway Obstruction
  • Urinary Tract Infection
  • Volvulus

29: Nuclear, Biologic, & Chemical Agents of Terrorism

  • Anthrax
  • Botulinum Toxin
  • Cyanide Agents
  • G Agents & VX
  • Hemorrhagic Fever
  • Plague
  • Q Fever
  • Smallpox
  • Sulfur Mustard